Identity, Technology, and Bodies
By Tama Leaver
Routledge – 2012 – 218 pages
Artificial Culture is an examination of the articulation, construction, and representation of "the artificial" in contemporary popular cultural texts, especially science fiction films and novels. The book argues that today we live in an artificial culture due to the deep and inextricable relationship between people, our bodies, and technology at large. While the artificial is often imagined as outside of the natural order and thus also beyond the realm of humanity, paradoxically, artificial concepts are simultaneously produced and constructed by human ideas and labor. The artificial can thus act as a boundary point against which we as a culture can measure what it means to be human. Science fiction feature films and novels, and other related media, frequently and provocatively deploy ideas of the artificial in ways which the lines between people, our bodies, spaces and culture more broadly blur and, at times, dissolve.
Building on the rich foundational work on the figures of the cyborg and posthuman, this book situates the artificial in similar terms, but from a nevertheless distinctly different viewpoint. After examining ideas of the artificial as deployed in film, novels and other digital contexts, this study concludes that we are now part of an artificial culture entailing a matrix which, rather than separating minds and bodies, or humanity and the digital, reinforces the symbiotic connection between identities, bodies, and technologies.
An Artificial Introduction Part1: Artificial Intelligence 1. Early Artificial Intelligence Films: ‘When are you going to let me out of this box? 2. "I am a machine!": Artificial Intelligences in Contemporary Cinema Part 2: Artificial Life 3. From Digital Genesis to the Artificial Other 4. Diasporic Subjectivities: Not Quite ‘Beyond the Infinite’ Part 3: Artificial Space 5. The Fortification of Place in the Digital Age 6. Resistance is Spatial 7. The Infinite Plasticity of the Digital? Part 4: Artificial Culture 8. Matrices of Embodiment 9. The Symbiosis of Special Effects Part 5: Artificial Culture 10. Before the Mourning 11. Artificial Mourning: Spider-Man, Special Effects and September 11 Artificial Conclusions
Tama Leaver is a lecturer in the Internet Studies department at Curtin University of Technology.