Constructing Adolescence in Fantastic Realism
Routledge – 2008 – 12 pages
Constructing Adolescence in Fantastic Realism examines those fundamental themes which inform our understanding of "the teenager"—themes that emerge in both literary and cultural contexts. Models of adolescence do not arise solely from discourses of psychology, sociology, and education. Rather, these models—frameworks including developmentalism, identity formation, social agency, and subjectivity in cultural space—can also be found represented symbolically in fantastic tropes such as metamorphosis, time-slip, hauntings, doppelgangers, invisibility, magic gifts, and witchcraft. These are the incredible, supernatural, and magical elements that invade the everyday and diurnal world of fantastic realism.
In this original study, Alison Waller proposes a new critical term to categorize a popular and established genre in literature for teenagers: young adult fantastic realism. Though fantastic realism plays a crucial part in the short history of young adult literature, up until now this genre has typically been overlooked or subsumed into the wider class of fantasy. Touching on well-known authors including Robert Cormier, Melvin Burgess, Gillian Cross, Margaret Mahy, K.M. Peyton and Robert Westall, as well as previously unexamined writers, Waller explores the themes and ideological perspectives embedded in fantastic realist novels in order to ask whether parallel realities and fantastic identities produce forms of adolescence that are dynamic and subversive. One of the first studies to deal with late twentieth-century fantastic literature for young adults, this book makes a valuable contribution to our understanding of adult attitudes toward adolescent identity.
"Waller’s conclusion is important and thought-provoking for everyone working in the discipline of children’s and young adult literature: ‘The tensions have not yet generated narratives that explore the realm of adolescence without recourse to the teleology of development and adulthood, but they do perhaps hint at an embedded appreciation that adulthood itself is neither universal nor unified and may itself be constantly shifting, often unfulfilled, and in a constant state of becoming’ (196). At a time when fantasy dominates the international literary and cultural scene, especially in the field of crossover fiction, Constructing Adolescence in Fantastic Realism provides a solid stepping stone for further research and should generate much worthwhile debate." --Petros Panaou University of Nicosia, Cyprus, International Research in Children's Literature
"Through the hard and wide-ranging work of describing this subgenre and the ways it echoes the dominant culture’s models of adolescence, Waller has provided an important tool for thinking about adolescent fantasy and its—often failed—potential." --Joe Sutliff Sanders, California State University, San Bernardino, The Lion and the Unicorn
"The convincing argumentation and the wide range of primary and secondary sources discussed, make this study an interesting contribution to the study of a sub-genre that has not yet been analyzed in depth." --Claudia Söffner, Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature
Series Editor’s Forward
Chapter One: Developing through Fantasy: From Stasis to Transformation.
Chapter Two: Fantasies of Identity: The Self and Individualism
Chapter Three: Fantasies of Empowerment and Agency: Gender and the Burden of Responsibility
Chapter Four: Writing Fantastic Spaces: Real, Virtual and Textual Teens
Conclusion: New Evolutions: Fears and Pleasures of Young Adult Fantastic Realism
Alison Waller is a lecturer in Children’s Literature at Roehampton University. An expert on young adult fantastic realism, she also has interests in supernatural literature and creative writing. Her publications include articles on Robert Cormier, Margaret Mahy and J. D. Salinger, and on the role of memory and emotion in rereading children’s literature.