Natives and Newcomers from European Contact to Indian Removal, 1500–1850, 2nd Edition
Edited by Peter C. Mancall, James Merrell
Routledge – 2006 – 752 pages
Newly expanded, the second edition of American Encounters provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date collection of scholarship on the Native American experience from European contact through the Removal Era. Retaining the hallmark essays from the celebrated first edition, the second edition contains thirteen new essays, emphasizing the most recent, noteworthy areas of inquiry, including gender relations, slavery and captivity, and the effects of Christianity on the course of native history. With each essay prefaced by helpful headnotes that highlight key concepts and draw connections among the essays, plus an expansive 'Further Readings' section, the second edition of American Encounters is an indispensable volume for both professors and students of early American history.
"…the authors emphasize the creativity of many persons in many Indian societies in dealing with the opportunities as well as the problems of often catastrophic intersocial exchange. [American Encounters's] selection of classics well repays the energetic reader." -- Journal of the Early Republic
". . . beautifully presented volume . . .appeal[s] to anyone interested in the strides forward Native American history has taken in the past generation, and it would serve as an excellent textbook for upper-division undergraduate courses in colonial history of Native American studies." -- Military History
"A collection of 25 outstanding articles…conveniently consolidates important scholarship that the nonspecialist may overlook…Highly recommended for public libraries and essential for academic libraries with Native American collections." -- Library Journal
"This carefully constructed set of essays showcases the work of a generation of historians who have raised the study of Native Americans to an entirely new plane. By taking a continent-wide approach, the editors have given students the opportunity to plumb the myriad experiences arising out of 300 years of Indian-European encounters." -- Gary B. Nash, UCLA
"A stunning collection that encompasses--and organizes--the depth and diversity of the very best recent writing on Indian-European relations, American Encounters is tailor-made for both classroom use and scholarly reference." -- Philip Deloria, University of Colorado
"The issues and approaches outlined in these writings will introduce students to the diversity and complexity of colonial encounters and cultural interactions from Canada to California across more than three centuries…An impressive array of essays representing the best literature in the ethnohistory of early America." -- Colin G. Calloway, Professor of History and Native American Studies, Dartmouth College
"Coming to grips with the complexity of 'the Native American experience' in the early period of European settlement and expansion in North America is a daunting challenge to students and instructors alike. Happily, this diverse collection of innovative and insightful essays illuminates a great many dimensions of that experience. It will help us all grasp the depth and variety of this fascinating and important subject." -- Frederick E. Hoxie, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
"This collection of thought-provoking essays reflects the cutting-edge of scholarship in Native American history. The volume should become a standard text in any course that focuses upon Native American history in the ante-bellum period. The essays discuss many of the primary issues which have delineated scholarship in this field, and they are written by respected scholars. They should generate considerable classroom discussion. Highly recommended." -- R. David Edmunds, Watson Professor of American History, University of Texas at Dallas
"This collection of articles adds a much needed dimension to the study of Native Americans. Whereas much of the historiography of the United States treats Indians as mere subjects of conquest, this work demonstrates that they usually possessed a degree of agency far in excess of that normally assumed. The articles also add depth and scope to the study of Native Americans as well as the United States as a whole by depicting American existence both before the arrival of Columbus and beyond the periphery of white settlement and expansion." -- American Studies in Scandinavia David Harding, University of Aarhus
1. 'Indians’ Old World: Native Americans and the Coming of Europeans' Neal Salisbury 2. 'Indians’ New World: The Catawba Experience' James H. Merrell Part One: Contact Arenas Demography and Disease 3. 'Virgin Soils Revisited' David S. Jones Ideology and Spirituality 4. 'Iroquois Women, European Women' Natalie Zemon Davis 5. 'Women, Kin, & Catholicism: New Perspectives on the Fur Trade' Susan Sleeper-Smith 6. 'The Berdache and the Illinois Indian' Raymond Hauser 7. 'Indians, Missionaries, and Religious Translation': Creating Wampanoag Christianity in Seventeenth-Century Martha’s Vineyard David J. Silverman 8. 'Dreaming of the Savior’s Blood: Moravians and the Indian Great Awakening in Pennsylvania' Jane T. Merritt 9. 'Of Missionaries and their Cattle: Ojibwa Perceptions of a Missionary as Evil Shaman' Rebecca Kugel Economy and Exchange 10. 'Encounters with Spirits: Ojibwa and Dakota Theories Regarding the French and their Merchandise' Bruce White 11. 'King Philip’s Herds: Indians, Colonists, and the Problem of Livestock in Early New England' Virginia DeJohn Anderson 12. 'Bewitching Tyranny of Custom’: Social Costs of Indian Drinking in Colonial America' Mancall 13. 'Frontier Exchange Economy Lower Mississippi' Daniel H. Usner, Jr 14. 'First Whalemen Nantucket' Daniel Vickers 15. '"White & Clean" & Contested: Creek Towns and Trading Paths in the Aftermath of the Seven Years’ War' Joshua Piker 16. 'The Rise and Fall of Plains Indian Horse Cultures' Pekka Hämäläinen Diplomacy and Warfare 17. 'A Diplomacy of Gender: Rituals of First Contact in the "Land of the Tejas"' Juliana Barr 18. 'War and Culture: The Iroquois Experience' Daniel K. Richter 19. '"A Little Flesh We Offer You": The Origins of Indian Slavery in New France' Brett Rushforth 20. 'The White Indians of Colonial America' James Axtell 21. '"This Evil Extends Especially to the Feminine Sex": Negotiating Captivity in the New Mexico Borderlands' James Brooks 22. 'Dressing For Success on the Mohawk Frontier' Timothy J. Shannon Part Two: From Revolution to Removal, and Beyond 23. Thinking and Believing: Nativism and Unity in the Ages of Pontiac and Tecumseh Gregory Evans Dowd 24. 'The Right to a Name' Ruth Wallis Herndon and Ella Wilcox Sekatau 25. 'Taking Account of Property: Stratification among the Creek Indians in the Early Nineteenth Century' Claudio Saunt 26. 'The Staff of Leadership' Steven W. Hackel 27. '"More Motley than Mackinaw": From Ethnic Mixing to Ethnic Cleansing on the Frontier of the Lower Missouri, 1783–1833' John Mack Faragher 28. 'Winning of the West' Richard White
Peter C. Mancall is Professor of History and Anthropology at the University of Southern California and Director of the USC-Huntington Early Modern Studies Institute. He is the author of several books, including Deadly Medicine: Indians and Alcohol in Early America and Hakluyt’s Promise: An Elizabethan’s Obsession for an English America.
James H. Merrell, the Lucy Maynard Salmon Professor of History at Vassar College, is the author of the Bancroft Prize-winning books The Indians' New World: Catawbas and Their Neighbors From European Contact through the Era of Removal and Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier.