Reading Victorian Schoolrooms
Childhood and Education in Nineteenth-Century Fiction
Published October 11th 2007 by Routledge – 216 pages
Reading Victorian Schoolrooms examines the numerous schoolroom scenes in nineteenth-century novels during the fraught era of the Victorian education debates. As Gargano argues, the fiction of mainstream and children’s writers such as Dickens, Brontë, and Carroll reflected widespread Victorian anxieties about the rapid institutionalization of education and the shrinking realm of domestic instruction.
As schools increasingly mapped out a schema of time schedules, standardized grades or forms, separate disciplines, and hierarchical architectural spaces, childhood development also came to be seen as regularized and standardized according to clear developmental categories. Yet, Dickens, Brontë, and others did not simply critique or satirize the standardization of school experience. Instead, most portrayed the schoolroom as an unstable site, incorporating both institutional and domestic space.
Drawing on the bildungsroman’s traditional celebration of an individualized, experiential education, numerous novels of school life strove to present the novel itself as a form of domestic education, in contrast to the rigors of institutional instruction. By positioning the novel as a form of domestic education currently under attack, these novelists sought to affirm its value as a form of protest within an increasingly institutionalized society. The figure of the child as an emblem of beleaguered innocence thus became central to the Victorian fictive project.
"Such attention to children's literature in conjunction with the adult cultural contexts in which it was written and read will make Reading Victorian Schoolrooms valuable to scholars in other fields of literary studies and to those outside literary studies as well."
- Children's Literature Association Quarterly
Introduction 1. 'The Idea of a Wall': Toward a New Architecture of School and Mind 2. From Felix’s Cottage to Miss Temple’s Parlor: Domestic Instruction and the Paradox of the Teacher’s Room 3. Level Playing Fields and Locked Gardens: Nature at School 4. The View from the Sickroom Window: Zymosis, Brain Fever, and the Dangers of Institutional Education. Conclusion
Elizabeth Gargano is Assistant Professor of English at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.