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An Introduction to Beam Physics

By Martin Berz, Kyoko Makino, Weishi Wan

CRC Press – 2014 – 324 pages

Series: Series in High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation

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    978-0-7503-0263-0
    December 3rd 2014
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Description

The field of beam physics touches many areas of physics, engineering, and the sciences. In general terms, beams describe ensembles of particles with initial conditions similar enough to be treated together as a group so that the motion is a weakly nonlinear perturbation of a chosen reference particle. Particle beams are used in a variety of areas, ranging from electron microscopes, particle spectrometers, medical radiation facilities, powerful light sources, and astrophysics to large synchrotrons and storage rings such as the LHC at CERN.

An Introduction to Beam Physics is based on lectures given at Michigan State University’s Department of Physics and Astronomy, the online VUBeam program, the U.S. Particle Accelerator School, the CERN Academic Training Programme, and various other venues. It is accessible to beginning graduate and upper-division undergraduate students in physics, mathematics, and engineering. The book begins with a historical overview of methods for generating and accelerating beams, highlighting important advances through the eyes of their developers using their original drawings. The book then presents concepts of linear beam optics, transfer matrices, the general equations of motion, and the main techniques used for single- and multi-pass systems. Some advanced nonlinear topics, including the computation of aberrations and a study of resonances, round out the presentation.

Contents

Beams and Beam Physics

What Is Beam Physics

Production of Beams

Acceleration of Beams

Linear Beam Optics

Coordinates and Maps

Glass Optics

Special Optical Systems

Fields, Potentials and Equations of Motion

Fields with Straight Reference Orbit

Fields with Planar Reference Orbit

The Equations of Motion in Curvilinear Coordinates

The Linearization of the Equations of Motion

The Drift

The Quadrupole without Fringe Fields

Deflectors

Round Lenses

Aberration Formulas

Computation and Properties of Maps

Aberrations and Symmetries

Differential Algebras

The Computation of Transfer Maps

Manipulation of Maps

Linear Phase Space Motion

Phase Space Action

Polygon-like Phase Space

Elliptic Phase Space

Edwards-Teng Parametrization

Imaging Devices

The Cathode Ray Tube (CRT)

The Camera and the Microscope

Spectrometers and Spectrographs

Electron Microscopes and Their Correction

The Periodic Transport

The Transversal Motion

Dispersive Effects

A Glimpse at Nonlinear Effects

Lattice Modules

The FODO Cell

Symmetric Achromats

Special Purpose Modules

Synchrotron Motion

RF Fundamentals

The Phase Slip Factor

Longitudinal Dynamics

Transverse Dynamics of RF Cavities

Resonances in Repetitive Systems

Integer Resonance

Half-Integer Resonance

Linear Coupling Resonance

Third-Integer Resonance

References

Index

Name: An Introduction to Beam Physics (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Martin Berz, Kyoko Makino, Weishi Wan. The field of beam physics touches many areas of physics, engineering, and the sciences. In general terms, beams describe ensembles of particles with initial conditions similar enough to be treated together as a group so that the motion is a weakly...
Categories: Materials Science, Computational Physics, Particle & High Energy Physics, Atomic & Nuclear Physics, Mathematical Physics