Comprehension Processes in Reading
Edited by David A. Balota, G.B. Flores d'Arcais, Keith Rayner
Routledge – 1990 – 680 pages
Comprehension Processes in Reading addresses the interrelationship among several areas relevant to understanding how people comprehend text. The contributors focus on the on-line processes associated with text understanding rather than simply with the product of that comprehension -- what people remember from reading.
Presenting the latest theories and research findings from a distinguished group of contributors, Comprehension Processes in Reading is divided into four major sections. Each section, concluding with a commentary chapter, discusses a different aspect of reader understanding or dysfunction such as individual word comprehension, sentence parsing, text comprehension, and comprehension failures and dyslexia .
"In an era when many edited volumes can safely be ignored, this is one to which scholars of reading will want to pay some attention. The editors have given careful thought to its composition, and the outcome is both interesting and useful."
"Clearly, the book provides a timely and up-to-date look at how the very latest ideas in cognitive science are being utilized in comprehension research…As a compendium of the best current research on the nature of comprehension, there is nothing to beat this volume."
Contents: K. Rayner, Comprehension Processes: Introduction. Section 1:Comprehension of Words. D.A. Balota, The Role of Meaning in Word Recognition. M.S. Seidenberg, Lexical Access: Another Theoretical Soupstone? D. Besner, Does the Reading System Need a Lexicon? A.M.B. deGroot, The Locus of the Associative-Priming Effect in the Mental Lexicon. R. Schreuder, M. Grendel, N. Poulisse, A. Roelofs, M. van de Voort, Lexical Processing, Morphological Complexity and Reading. A. Pollatsek, K. Rayner, Eye Movements and Lexical Access in Reading. Commentary on Section 1: O. Neumann, Lexical Access: Some Comments on Models and Metaphors. P. Hudson, What's in a Word? Levels of Representation and Word Recognition. Section 2:Syntactic Proceses in Comprehension. C.A. Perfetti, The Cooperative Language Processors: Semantic Influences in an Autonomous Syntax. R. Taraban, J.L. McClelland, Parsing and Comprehension: A Multiple-Constraint View. C. Clifton, M. DeVincenzi, Comprehending Sentences with Empty Elements. D.C. Mitchell, F. Cuetos, D. Zagar, Reading in Different Languages: Is There a Universal Mechanism for Parsing Sentences? L. Frazier, Parsing Modifiers: Special Purpose Routines in the HSPM? Commentary on Section 2: D. Norris, Connectionism: A Case for Modularity. G.B. Flores d'Arcais, Parsing Principles and Language Comprehension During Reading. Section 3:Comprehension of Discourse. J.L. Myers, Causal Relatedness and Text Comprehension. J.M. Keenan, G. R. Potts, J.M. Golding, T.M. Jennings, Which Elaborative Inferences are Drawn During Reading: A Question of Methodologies. G. McKoon, R. Ratcliff, Textual Inferences: Models and Measures. P. van den Broek, The Causal Inference Maker: Towards a Process Model of Inference Generation in Text Comprehension. W. Vonk, L. Noordman, On the Control of Inferences in Text Understanding. S. Garrod, A. Sanford, Referential Processes in Reading: Focussing on Roles and Individuals. N.E. Sharkey, A Connectionist Model of Text Comprehension. Commentary on Section 3: A. Sanford, On the Nature of Text Driven Inference. Section 4:Comprehension Failures and Reading. S. Crain, D. Shankweiler, Explaining Failures in Spoken Language Comprehension by Children with Reading Disability. F.A. Conners, R.K. Olson, Reading Comprehension in Dyslexic and Normal Readers: A Component Skills Analysis. P.H.K. Seymour, Semantic Processing in Dyslexia. J. Rispens, Comprehension Problems in Dyslexia. Commentary on Section 4: A. van der Leij, Comprehension Failures. General Commentary. K. Rayner, G.B. Flores d'Arcais, D.A. Balota, Comprehension Processes in Reading: Final Thoughts.