Basic Processes in Reading
Visual Word Recognition
Edited by Derek Besner, Glyn W. Humphreys
Routledge – 1990 – 352 pages
The chapters in this new book span the range of reading processes from early visual analysis to semantic influences on word identification, thus providing a state-of-the-art summary of current work and offering important contributions to prospective reading research.
Basic Processes in Reading examines both future plans and past accomplishments in the world of word identification research. Three chapters provide a futuristic view taking a parallel distributed processing approach to semantic priming, phonology, and the identification of old words and the learning of new words. Reviews on eye movements in reading and semantic priming on word identification provide a retrospective summary of work on these issues as well as solid pointers for future investigations.
Other chapters provide new demonstrations of the importance of phonological contributions to word identification, of interactive processes in the identification of handwritten words, and a re-evaluation of the processes involved in the neuropsychological syndrome described as "letter-by-letter" reading.
"I tip my hat to Besner and Humphreys…Howard gives us a meticulous tutorial in how clinical studies have sometimes furthered, sometimes misled, and ultimately both contributed to and benefited from our larger undestanding of the reading process and its mental architecture….Beyond covering topics, the book does a fine job of reflecting the spirit and progress of our collective endeavor…. a solid resource for researchers in the field of word recognition. I am glad I own it. I am glad I read it….Besner and Humphreys have succeeded beautifully in producing a review of the era….one is impressed with the microgranularity and adirectionality of much of the data-whacking in which the field has indulged itself."
—American Journal of Psychology
Contents: D. Besner, G.W. Humphreys, Basic Processes in Word Recognition and Identification: An Overview. C. Manso de Zuniga, G.W. Humphreys, L.J. Evett, Additive and Interactive Effects in the Reading of Handwriting. D. Howard, Letter-by-Letter Readers: Evidence for Parallel Processing. G.C. Van Orden, Phonological Mediation is Fundamental to Reading. P. Brown, DEREK: The Direct Encoding Routine for Evoking Knowledge. S. Monsell, The Nature and Locus of Word Frequency Effects in Reading. D.A. Balota, K. Rayner, Word Recognition Processes in Foveal and Parafoveal Vision: The Range of Influence of Lexical Variables. M.E.J. Masson, A Distributed Memory Model of Context Effects in Word Identification. J.H. Neely, Semantic Priming Effects in Visual Word Recognition: A Selective Review of Current Findings and Theories.