Frames, Fields, and Contrasts
New Essays in Semantic and Lexical Organization
Edited by Adrienne Lehrer, Eva Feder Kittay, Richard Lehrer
Routledge – 1992 – 480 pages
Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the lexicon. The demand for a fuller and more adequate understanding of lexical meaning required by developments in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science has stimulated a refocused interest in linguistics, psychology, and philosophy. Different disciplines have studied lexical structure from their own vantage points, and because scholars have only intermittently communicated across disciplines, there has been little recognition that there is a common subject matter. The conference on which this volume is based brought together interested thinkers across the disciplines of linguistics, philosophy, psychology, and computer science to exchange ideas, discuss a range of questions and approaches to the topic, consider alternative research strategies and methodologies, and formulate interdisciplinary hypotheses concerning lexical organization. The essay subjects discussed include:
* alternative and complementary conceptions of the structure of the lexicon,
* the nature of semantic relations and of polysemy,
* the relation between meanings, concepts, and lexical organization,
* critiques of truth-semantics and referential theories of meaning,
* computational accounts of lexical information and structure, and
* the advantages of thinking of the lexicon as ordered.
"…the detailed analyses of the senses of individual words or sets of related words and the implications these have for the sorts of knowledge that a language user must draw on to understand and use words….may help psychologists formulate new and more comprehensive proposals about the mental representation of the lexicon and about its role in language processing."
Contents: E.F. Kittay, A. Lehrer, Introduction. Part I:Principles of Organization. L.W. Barsalou, Frames, Concepts, and Conceptual Fields. C.J. Fillmore, B.T. Atkins, Toward a Frame-Based Lexicon: The Semantics of RISK and Its Neighbors. R.E. Grandy, Semantic Fields, Prototypes, and the Lexicon. A. Lehrer, Names and Naming: Why We Need Fields and Frames. J. Ross, Semantic Contagion. E.V. Clark, Conventionality and Contrast: Pragmatic Principles with Lexical Consequences. Part II:Concepts and Relations. R. Jackendoff, What Is a Concept? A. Wierzbicka, Semantic Primitives and Semantic Fields. E.F. Kittay, Semantic Fields and the Individuation of Content. R. Chaffin, The Concept of a Semantic Relation. D.A. Cruse, Antonymy Revisited: Some Thoughts on the Relationship Between Words and Concepts. Part III:Specific Analyses. P. Kay, At Least. M.J. Powell, Folk Theories of Meaning and Principles of Conventionality: Encoding Literal Attitude via Stance Adverb. K. Allan, "Something that Rhymes with Rich." Part IV:Computational Processes in the Lexicon. M.F. Garrett, Lexical Retrieval Processes: Semantic Field Effects. Y. Ravin, Synonymy from a Computational Point of View. D.E. Walker, Developing Computational Lexical Resources.