Fundamentals of Argumentation Theory
A Handbook of Historical Backgrounds and Contemporary Developments
Routledge – 1996 – 438 pages
Argumentation theory is a distinctly multidisciplinary field of inquiry. It draws its data, assumptions, and methods from disciplines as disparate as formal logic and discourse analysis, linguistics and forensic science, philosophy and psychology, political science and education, sociology and law, and rhetoric and artificial intelligence. This presents the growing group of interested scholars and students with a problem of access, since it is even for those active in the field not common to have acquired a familiarity with relevant aspects of each discipline that enters into this multidisciplinary matrix. This book offers its readers a unique comprehensive survey of the various theoretical contributions which have been made to the study of argumentation. It discusses the historical works that provide the background to the field and all major approaches and trends in contemporary research.
Argument has been the subject of systematic inquiry for twenty-five hundred years. It has been graced with theories, such as formal logic or the legal theory of evidence, that have acquired a more or less settled provenance with regard to specific issues. But there has been nothing to date that qualifies as a unified general theory of argumentation, in all its richness and complexity. This being so, the argumentation theorist must have access to materials and methods that lie beyond his or her "home" subject. It is precisely on this account that this volume is offered to all the constituent research communities and their students. Apart from the historical sections, each chapter provides an economical introduction to the problems and methods that characterize a given part of the contemporary research program. Because the chapters are self-contained, they can be consulted in the order of a reader's interests or research requirements. But there is value in reading the work in its entirety. Jointly authored by the very people whose research has done much to define the current state of argumentation theory and to point the way toward more general and unified future treatments, this book is an impressively authoritative contribution to the field.
"Co-authored by an international group of experts, Fundamentals of Argumentation Theory is a very useful resource for those seeking a solid grounding in the study of argumentation theory."
—College, Composition and Communication
"…an outstanding achievement, a summing up of the history and progress of a developing field of study, by writers who have been in the forefront of those developments. Van Eemeren, Grootendorst and Snoeck Henkemans, the lead authors, have coordinated the work of a truly international team of scholars drawn from among the chief contributors to theory and research in argumentation studies. The result of this remarkable collaboration is a comprehensive survey of the subject, set clearly in historical context. The contemporary study of argumentation is carried on within diverse intellectual communities employing many different disciplinary perspectives, yet this book traces virtually every strand. I can think of no better place to begin the study of argumentation."
—Joseph W. Wenzel,
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Contents: Preface. Introduction. Part I: Historical Backgrounds. Analytic, Dialectic and Rhetoric. Analysis of Fallacies, Controversy, and Discussion. Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca's New Rhetoric. Toulmin's Model of Argumentation. Part II: Contemporary Developments. Informal Logic and Critical Thinking. Communication and Rhetoric. Fallacies and Formal Logic. Dialogue Logic and Formal Dialectics. Pragma-Dialectics and Critical Discussion. Language-Oriented Approaches to Argumentation. Other Significant Developments.