Perceptual Organization in Vision
Behavioral and Neural Perspectives
Edited by Ruth Kimchi, Marlene Behrmann, Carl R. Olson
Psychology Press – 2003 – 496 pages
Understanding visual perceptual organization remains a challenge for vision science. Perceptual Organization in Vision: Behavioral and Neural Perspectives explores ideas emanating from behavioral, developmental, neuropsychological, neurophysiological, and computational approaches to the problem of perceptual organization. The growing body of research on perceptual organization has converged on a number of critical issues, most of which are addressed in this volume. These include issues concerning the nature and order of organizational processes, the stimulus factors that engage the mechanisms of organization, the developmental stage at which the mechanisms of organization are available, the role of past experience and learning in organization, the neural mechanisms underlying perceptual organization, and the relations between perceptual organization and other cognitive processes, in particular, object recognition and visual attention. Divided into four parts, the book is designed not only to detail the current state of the art in the field but also to promote an interdisciplinary approach to the study of perceptual organization. Part I presents an overview of the problem of perceptual organization, different frameworks for understanding perceptual organization, and a state-of-the-art summary of the domain. Part II details which organizational processes are hardwired in the perceptual system, which are acquired through experience, and how object perception relates to other aspects of cognition. Part III describes various attempts to understand the neural mechanisms underlying perceptual organization using two different approaches--neurophysiological and neuropsychological. Part IV offers a computational approach to the problem. This book is intended for cognitive psychologists, neuroscientists, computational vision scientists, and developmental psychologists.
Contents: Preface. Part I: Cognitive Approaches to Perceptual Organization. S.E. Palmer, Perceptual Organization and Grouping. M. Kubovy, S. Gepshtein, Perceptual Grouping in Space and in Space-Time: An Exercise in Phenomenological Psychophysics. M.A. Peterson, On Figures, Grounds, and Varieties of Surface Completion. R. Kimchi, Visual Perceptual Organization: A Microgenetic Analysis. P.J. Kellman, Visual Perception of Objects and Boundaries: A Four-Dimensional Approach. Part II: Development and Learning in Perceptual Organization. A. Needham, S.M. Ormsbee, The Development of Object Segregation During the First Year of Life. R.L. Goldstone, Learning to Perceive While Perceiving to Learn. Part III: Neural Approaches to Perceptual Organization. R. von der Heydt, H. Zhou, H.S. Friedman, Neural Coding of Border Ownership: Implications for the Theory of Figure-Ground Perception. T.D. Albright, L.J. Croner, R.O. Duncan, G.R. Stoner, Neuronal Correlates of Perceptual Organization in the Primate Visual System. M. Behrmann, R. Kimchi, Visual Perceptual Organization: Lessons From Lesions. G.W. Humphreys, Binding in Vision as a Multistage Process. Part IV: Computational Approaches to Perceptual Organization. D.W. Jacobs, Perceptual Completion and Memory. T.S. Lee, Neural Basis of Attentive Perceptual Organization.