Critical Perspectives on the Official English Movement, Volume I: Education and the Social Implications of Official Language
Edited by Roseann Duenas Gonzalez, Ildiko Melis, NCTE
Routledge – 2000 – 424 pages
How do educators balance the rights of the rapidly growing percentage of the United States' population whose first language is not English or whose English differs from standard usage with the rights of the majority of students whose first and generally only language is English? This two-volume set addresses the complicated and divisive issues at the heart of the debate over language diversity and the English Only movement in the U.S. public education. Blending social, political, and legal analyses of the ideologies of language with perspectives on the impact of the English Only movement on education and on classrooms at all levels, Language Ideologies: Critical Perspectives on the Official English Movement offers a wide range of perspectives that teachers and literacy advocates can use to inform practice as well as policy. This exhaustive, two-volume collection not only updates existing information on the English Only movement in the United States, but also includes the international context, looking at the emergence of English as a world language through a postcolonial lens. The complexity of the debate is also reflected in the exceptionally diverse list of contributors, who speak from varying disciplines and backgrounds including sociology, linguistics, university administration, the ACLU, law, ESL, and English. Both volumes explore the political, legislative, and social implications of language ideologies.
Volume 1: Education and the Social Implications of Official Language focuses in particular on the consequences for the classroom. In Volume 2: History, Theory, and Policy, the focus is on the implications for policymakers and language-program administrators.
"Language Ideologies is a two-volume anthology…'designed for educators, administrators, ESL experts, scholars, and all those who are concerned about language as a source and product of discrimination in our schools and society'….many of the essays are of excellent quality….I am very glad we have this publication…every instructor of teachers of any kind of English should have a set on their shelf."
—Cambridge University Press
"The English Only movement can best be understood and challenged as being deeply antithetical to the values and relations of a democratic society. The attack on bilingual education can best be grasped in its complexity when it is engaged as part of the ongoing struggle against public education and broader efforts by various social movements to extend democracy into all spheres of society….Democracy celebrates rather than closes down the multiple selves and cultures that constitute the public spheres and construct the meaning of citizenship and democracy in a global context."
—Henry A. Giroux
Pennsylvania State University
Contents: J. Cummins, Foreword. R.D. González, Introduction. Part I:Update. D. Waggoner, The Demographics of Diversity in the United States. J. Crawford, Proposition 227: A New Phase of the English Only Movement. C. Schmid, The Politics of English Only in the United States: Historical, Social, and Legal Aspects. Part II:Research and Politics. E.E. García, Treating Linguistic and Cultural Diversity as a Resource: The Research Response to the Challenges Inherent in the Improving America's Schools Act and California's Proposition 227. T. Scovel, "The Younger, the Better" Myth and Bilingual Education. S.D. Krashen, Bilingual Education: The Debate Continues. Part III:Politics, Economy, and the Classroom. E.L. Judd, English Only and ESL Instruction: Will It Make a Difference? E.R. Auerbach, When Pedagogy Meets Politics: Challenging English Only in Adult Education. A. Gonzalez, Which English Skills Matter to Immigrants? The Acquisition and Value of Four English Skills. Part IV:What Difference Does Difference Make? R. Lippi-Green, That's Not My Language: The Struggle to (Re)Define African American English. F.R. Aparicio, Of Spanish Dispossessed. G.Y. Okawa, From "Bad Attitudes" To(ward) Linguistic Pluralism: Developing Reflective Language Policy Among Preservice Teachers. V. Cliett, Between the Lines: Reconciling Diversity and Standard English. L.R. Connal, Transcultural Rhetorics for Cultural Survival. V. Villanueva, Afterword: On English Only.