Reclaiming the Local in Language Policy and Practice
Edited by A. Suresh Canagarajah
Routledge – 2004 – 224 pages
This volume inserts the place of the local in theorizing about language policies and practices in applied linguistics. While the effects of globalization around the world are being discussed in such diverse circles as corporations, law firms, and education, and while the spread of English has come to largely benefit those in positions of power, relatively little has been said about the impact of globalization at the local level, directly or indirectly. Reclaiming the Local in Language Policy and Practice is unique in focusing specifically on the outcomes of globalization in and among the communities affected by these changes. The authors make a case for why it is important for local social practices, communicative conventions, linguistic realities, and knowledge paradigms to actively inform language policies and practices for classrooms and communities in specific contexts, and to critically inform those pertaining to other communities.
Engaging with the dominant paradigms in the discipline of applied linguistics, the chapters include research relating to second language acquisition, sociolinguistics, literacy, and language planning. The majority of chapters are case studies of specific contexts and communities, focused on situations of language teaching. Beyond their local contexts these studies are important for initiating discussion of their relevance for other, different communities and contexts. Taken together, the chapters in this book approach the task of reclaiming and making space for the local by means of negotiating with the present and the global. They illuminate the paradox that the local contains complex values of diversity, multilingualism, and plurality that can help to reconceive the multilingual society and education for postmodern times.
"While many of the ideas in this volume may not be new…the contributions offer new insight into these discussions and reemphasize the need for a paradigm shift within AL. The volume as a whole…paves the way for new platforms of research which will continue to take account of socially, culturally, historically, and intuitionally situated perspectives."
"…this book identifies the urgent local concerns caused by the increasing linguistic and social homogeneity in the representation of literacy and expertise, and also brings to the foreground the rising issues of power inequality."
"…the book contains many fine articles addressing a variety of critical, postcolonial and poststructural aspects of local language practices, and is a valuable resource for scholars in applied linguistics and related fields." –Journal of Language, Identity, and Education; 7: 161-168, 2008
Contents: E. Hinkel, Series Editor Foreword. Preface. Introduction. Part I: Redefining Disciplinary Constructs. S. Canagarajah, Reconstructing Local Knowledge, Reconfiguring Language Studies. R.M. Bhatt, Expert Discourses, Local Practices, and Hybridity: The Case of Indian Englishes. D. Ryon, Language Death Studies and Local Knowledge: The Case of Cajun French. L.M.T. Menezes de Souza, The Ecology of Writing Among the Kashinawá: Indigenous Multimodality in Brazil. Part II: Interrogating Language Policies. K. Rajagopalan, The Language Issue in Brazil: When Local Knowledge Clashes With Expert Knowledge. M.K. David, S. Govindasamy, Negotiating a Language Policy for Malaysia: Local Demand for Affirmative Action Versus Challenges From Globalization. S. Utakis, M.D. Pita, An Educational Policy for Negotiating Transnationalism: The Dominican Community in New York City. Part III: Reframing Professional Lives. D. Block, Convergence and Resistance in the Construction of Personal and Professional Identities: Four French Modern Language Teachers in London. A. Lin, W. Wang, N. Akamatsu, M. Riazi, International TESOL Professionals and Teaching English for Globalized Communication (TEGCOM) Part IV: Imagining Classroom Possibilities. P. Martin, Talking Knowledge Into Being in an Upriver Primary School in Brunei. J.C.M. Luk, Voicing the "Self" Through an "Other" Language: Exploring Communicative Language Teaching for Global Communication. E. Mermann-Jozwiak, N. Sullivan, Local Knowledge and Global Citizenship: Languages and Literatures of the United States-Mexico Borderlands.