Funds of Knowledge
Theorizing Practices in Households, Communities, and Classrooms
Edited by Norma Gonzalez, Luis C. Moll, Cathy Amanti
Routledge – 2005 – 320 pages
The concept of "funds of knowledge" is based on a simple premise: people are competent and have knowledge, and their life experiences have given them that knowledge. The claim in this book is that first-hand research experiences with families allow one to document this competence and knowledge, and that such engagement provides many possibilities for positive pedagogical actions.
Drawing from both Vygotskian and neo-sociocultural perspectives in designing a methodology that views the everyday practices of language and action as constructing knowledge, the funds of knowledge approach facilitates a systematic and powerful way to represent communities in terms of the resources they possess and how to harness them for classroom teaching.
This book accomplishes three objectives: It gives readers the basic methodology and techniques followed in the contributors' funds of knowledge research; it extends the boundaries of what these researchers have done; and it explores the applications to classroom practice that can result from teachers knowing the communities in which they work.
In a time when national educational discourses focus on system reform and wholesale replicability across school sites, this book offers a counter-perspective stating that instruction must be linked to students' lives, and that details of effective pedagogy should be linked to local histories and community contexts. This approach should not be confused with parent participation programs, although that is often a fortuitous consequence of the work described. It is also not an attempt to teach parents "how to do school" although that could certainly be an outcome if the parents so desired. Instead, the funds of knowledge approach attempts to accomplish something that may be even more challenging: to alter the perceptions of working-class or poor communities by viewing their households primarily in terms of their strengths and resources, their defining pedagogical characteristics.
Funds of Knowledge: Theorizing Practices in Households, Communities, and Classrooms is a critically important volume for all teachers and teachers-to-be, and for researchers and graduate students of language, culture, and education.
"This volume is particularly useful for teachers who are re-thinking ways to design and create curriculum that reflects the experiences and knowledge of their multilingual and multicultural students….The importance of allowing students to make explicit connections between at-home and in-school practices is made relevant through the theory research, and classroom applications in this book."--Language Arts, Vol. 84, No. 10
"One of the most important concepts in culture-and-education is now laid out for us to know, in detail--its origin, argument, and human context. We should all be grateful."
—Roland Tharp, University of California, Berkeley
"This is a very important book in its scope….[and] is very much needed….Longitudinal, field based research is still relatively uncommon, especially in teacher education, but it is the only way to document how culture is deeply embedded in children's and families' lives, and how teachers can use the knowledge held within communities to make a difference in reaching out to children and families who will soon constitute the new 'mainstream' in our schools."—Catherine Emihovich, University of Florida
Contents: Preface. N. González, L. Moll, C. Amanti, Introduction. Part I: Theoretical Underpinnings. N. González, Beyond Culture: The Hybridity of Funds of Knowledge. C. Vélez-Ibáñez, J. Greenberg, Formation and Transformation of Funds of Knowledge. L. Moll, C. Amanti, D. Neff, N. González, Funds of Knowledge for Teaching: Using a Qualitative Approach to Connect Homes and Classrooms. N. González, L. Moll, M.F. Tenery, A. Rivera, P. Rendón, C. Amanti, Funds of Knowledge for Teaching in Latino Households. Part II: Teachers as Researchers. M.F. Tenery, La Visita. C. Amanti, Beyond a Beads and Feathers Approach. M. Hensley, Empowering Parents of Multicultural Backgrounds. P. Sandoval-Taylor, Home Is Where the Heart Is: A Funds of Knowledge-Based Curriculum Module. A. Browning-Aiken, Border-Crossings: Funds of Knowledge Within an Immigrant Household. J. Messing, Social Reconstructions of Schooling: Teacher Evaluations of What They Learned From Participation in the Funds of Knowledge Project. Part III: Translocations: New Contexts, New Directions. M. Brenden, Funds of Knowledge and Team Ethnography: Reciprocal Approaches. P. Buck, P.S. Sylvester, Pre-Service Teachers Enter Urban Communities: Coupling Funds of Knowledge Research and Critical Pedagogy in Teacher Education. C. Mercado, Reflections on the Study of Households in New York City and Long Island: A Different Route, a Common Destination. N. González, R. Andrade, M. Civil, L. Moll, Funds of Distributed Knowledge. Part IV: Concluding Commentary. L. Moll, Reflections and Possibilities.