An Introduction to the Science of Phonetics
Routledge – 2006 – 368 pages
The book is designed as an introduction to the scientific study of speech. No prior knowledge of phonetics is assumed. As far as mathematical knowlege is concerned, all that is assumed is a knowledge of simple arithmetic and as far as possible concepts are dealt with on an intuitive rather than mathematical level. The anatomical material is all fully explained and illustrated. The book is arranged in four parts. Part 1, Basic Principles, provides an introduction to established phonetic theory and to the principles of phonetic analysis and description, including phonetic transcription. Part 2, Acoustic Phonetics, considers the physical nature of speech sounds as they pass through the air between speaker and hearer. It includes sections on temporal measurement, fundamental frequency, spectra and spectrograms. Part 3, Auditory Phonetics, covers the anatomy of the ear and the perception of loudness, pitch and quality. The final part, Part 4, covers the articulatory production of speech, and shows how experimental techniques and tools can enhance our understanding of the complexities of speech production.
Though the audience for this book is mainly students and professors in the Speech Sciences, it will also be valuable to any students studying hearing science and acoustics. The book is well supported with figures, tables, and practice boxes with experiments.
"The real strength of the present book is the meticulous account it gives of the articulation (and associated acoustics) of individual sounds--and not just of the obvious vowels and consonants, which have been presented a thousand times over, but of the unobvious ones, which many phonetics books never mention at all…This is the first account I have seen which devotes proper attention to the aim and range of that extension. It is an essential broadening of the scope of phonetics."
From the Foreword
Contents: Foreword. Preface. Introduction. Part I: Basic Principles. Principles of Phonetic Analysis and Transcription. An Introduction to the Vocal Apparatus. Basic Principles of Consonant Description. Basic Principles of Vowel Description. Extending the Set of Speech Sounds. Further Exploration of Speech Complexity. Part II: Acoustic Phonetics. Waveforms and Time Management. Fundamental Frequency. Sound Magnitude. Spectra of Speech Sounds. Spectrograms. Part III: Auditory Phonetics. The Mechanism of Hearing. Loudness. Pitch and Quality. Speech Perception. Part IV: Speech Production. The Vocal Tract as a Resonator. Phonation. Articulation. Appendix A: The International Phonetic Alphabet. Appendix B: The International Phonetic Alphabet: Extended Set of Symbols. Appendix C: Answers to Exercises.