1. Basic Biological Factors. 2. The Brain and Biochemistry. 3. Health/Illness Factors. 4. Perceptual, Motor, and Emotional Factors. 5. Intellectual, Cognitive, Self-concept, and Mental Health/Illness Factors. 6. Preferences, Interests, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Intentions. 7. Drug, Therapeutic, and Stress-related Effects and Responses. 8. Personality and General Behavior. 9. Social Behavior. 10. Consuming and Individual-institutional Behavior. 11. Status and Work-related Behavior. 12. Attitudes and Actions toward Others Based on Their Gender. 13. Grand Summary.