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Molecular Plant Pathology

Edited by Matthew Dickinson, James Beynon

Blackwell – 2000 – 296 pages

Series: Sheffield Annual Plant Reviews

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $199.95
    978-0-8493-0510-8
    August 22nd 2000

Description

For the past century, it has been known that plants possess genetically inherited resistance mechanisms to combat phytopathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses, and that the relationship between pathogens and host plants is highly specialized and complex. As techniques of molecular biology have developed over the past 25 years, our understanding of the molecular basis of these relationships has advanced significantly.

Molecular Plant Pathology, the fourth volume in the Annual Plant Reviews series, discusses the ways by which molecular plant pathology can be exploited to control disease and thereby maximize crop yield. It covers the three main areas of plant pathology: how pathogens cause disease; (the molecular signaling that takes place between plant and pathogen); how plants resist disease (what is known about resistance genes, apoptosis, and systemic-acquired resistance); and how molecular plant pathology can be exploited to control disease.

Since disease control is directly related to increased crop production, the topics covered in this book are of major economic significance. This economic importance coupled with the clear, concise coverage of the materials, render Molecular Plant Pathology an extremely useful reference for academic and industrial researchers in plant pathology and other related areas of study.

Features

Contents

Fungal Pathogenicity - Establishing Infection, P.V. Balhadère and N.J. Talbot

Introduction

The Rice Blast Fungus, Magnaporthe grisea

The Onset of Infection: Infection Court Preparation and Appressorium Differentiation

Appressorium-Mediated Plant Infection

The Plant Response to Infection: Resistance and Susceptibility

Signal Transduction Pathways Mediating Plant Infection

Future Exploration of Signaling Mechanisms in M. grisea

Conclusions

Bacterial Pathogenicity, E. Huguet

Introduction

To Become a Successful Phytopathogen

Features of the Hrp Type III Pathway that are Conserved with Type III Secretion Systems in Animal Pathogens

Specific Aspects of Type III Protein Secretion in Plant Pathogenic Bacteria

Concluding Remarks

Viral Pathogenicity, S. Nettleship and G.D. Foster

Introduction

Viral Gene Functions

Virus-Host Interactions

Virus Interactions with Resistance Genes

Conclusions

Genetic Analysis and Evolution of Plant Disease Resistance Genes, P.N. Dodds, G.J. Lawrence, A. Pryor, and J. Ellis

Introduction

Features of Cloned Resistance Genes

Control of Resistance Gene Specificity

Do Resistance Proteins Interact Directly with Avirulence Determinants?

Organization of Resistance Gene Loci

Evolution of Resistance Genes by Divergent Selection

Evolution of Resistance Genes by Recombination

Concluding Remarks

Resistance Genes and Resistance Protein Function, D.A. Jones

Introduction

The TIR Domain

Do the NBS-LRR Plant Resistant Proteins Lacking an N-Terminal Domain Form a Distinct Group of Related Proteins?

The NBS Domain is a Regulatory Motif Shared by Resistance Proteins in Plants, Apoptotic Proteins in Animals and Pleiotropic Regulatory Proteins in Gram-Positive Bacteria

NBS-LRR Proteins are Involved in Human Innate Immunity

Do the LRR Domains Perform More than One Function in Resistance Signaling?

Relationship with Membranes

Direct or Indirect Interaction with Avr Gene Products

The Relationship Between the Hypersensitive Response and Induction of PR Proteins in Plant Disease Resistance May Parallel that of Cell Death and Innate Immunity in Animals

Conclusion

Signaling in Plant Disease Resistance, J.E. Parker

Introduction

Resistance Proteins as Signaling Molecules

Early Cellular Reprogramming

Genetic Dissection of Disease Resistance Pathways

Concluding Remarks

Programmed Cell Death in Plants in Response to Pathogen Attack, P.R. Birch, A.O. Avrova, A. Dellagi, C. Lacomme. S. Santa Cruz, and G.D. Lyon

Introduction

Comparison of the Morphologies of Apoptosis in Animals and PCD in the Plant Hypersensitive Response

Comparison of the Molecular Bases of Apoptosis in Animals and PCD in the Plant Hypersensitive Response

Conclusion: is the Plant Hypersenstive Response Apoptosis?

Systemic Acquired Resistance, C. Barker

Introduction

Biochemical Analysis of Systematic Signalling

Genetic Analysis of the SAR Pathway

SA/NPRI Independent Resistance Pathways

Concluding Remarks

Transgenic Approaches to Disease-Resistant Plants as Exemplified by Viruses, J.A. Walsh

Introduction

Pathogen-Derived Resistance to Plant Viruses

Prokaryotic Genes

Non-Plant Eukaryotic Genes

Plant Genes

Perceived Risks Associated with Transgenic Resistance

Concluding Remarks

Emerging Technologies and Their Application in the Study of Host-Pathogen Interaction, R.A. Dietrich

Introduction

Genetic Approaches

Genomics-Based Approaches

Bioinformatics

Conclusions

Index

Related Subjects

  1. Botany
  2. Molecular Biology

Name: Molecular Plant Pathology (Hardback)Blackwell 
Description: Edited by Matthew Dickinson, James Beynon. For the past century, it has been known that plants possess genetically inherited resistance mechanisms to combat phytopathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses, and that the relationship between pathogens and host plants is highly specialized and complex...
Categories: Botany, Molecular Biology