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    978-0-8493-2670-7
    February 17th 2005

Description

Pavements are the most ubiquitous of all man-made structures, and they have an enormous impact on environmental quality. They are responsible for hydrocarbon pollutants, excess runoff, groundwater decline and the resulting local water shortages, temperature increases in the urban "heat island," and for the ability of trees to extend their roots in order to live. Porous pavements, despite their ability to mitigate these factors, remain the object of much skepticism and controversy.

Written by a renowned expert with 25 years of experience in urban watershed management, Porous Pavements is the first comprehensive "encyclopedia" of porous pavement materials. The book begins with five chapters that lay a foundation for all porous pavement materials and applications, introducing the types of materials and arrangements, their roles in the urban environment, and the principles of pavement structure, hydrology, and rooting space. The following nine chapters outline the costs, maintenance requirements, advantages and disadvantages for different applications, installation methods, sources of standard specifications, and performance levels for each family of porous pavement materials.

Relying on case studies and factual data from observed experience, and containing abundant references for further information, Porous Pavements gives responsible practitioners a complete toolbox from which to select the appropriate material for site-specific conditions, providing a "green" alternative to impervious pavements.

Reviews

"Porous Pavements presents perhaps one of the most complete assessments of what is for many designers a largely misunderstood construction medium…Ferguson has done a commendable job of inventorying the range of techniques and materials available…belongs on the bookshelf of designers, faculty, and students with an interest in the use of alternative paving materials for the conveyance and treatment of stormwater."

-Peter Kumble, ASLA, Landscape Architecture, Vol. 96, No. 6, June 2006

"This book is unique as it serves as the inaugural publication written on the subject…a unique aspect of the book is Professor Ferguson's visits and reflections on hundreds of sites of all types of porous pavements…a great resource that affirms the interlocking concrete pavement industry's information about design, construction, and maintenance…highly recommended…[it] will transform the academic landscape by moving porous pavements to the center of training in sustainable site design."

- Interlocking Concrete Pavement Magazine, August 2005

"This team of landscape architects has produced a groundbreaking reference volume that will be of great value to educators, researchers, and practitioners in landscape design, urban hydrology, and roadway engineering. …A comprehensive volume on the subject was not previously available. Porous Pavements provides convincing arguments through concepts and examples that justify the adoption of porous pavement technology. …The reference volume is well written and illustrated with a large number of photographs and schematics. …The detailed information given on each topic in the book is referenced very well, and each chapter is followed by a long list of up-to-date references."

Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Dec. 2005

". . . I would strongly recommend this excellent reference book to all landscape architects and arboriculturists."

– Richard Nicholson, in Arboricultural Journal, 2006, Vol. 29

Contents

PREFACE

WHY MAKE PAVEMENTS POROUS

The Magnitude of Pavements in America

Where Not to Make Pavements Porous

The Promise of Clean Water

The Promise of Long-Lived Trees

The Promise of Cool Cities

The Promise of Safe Driving

The Promise of Reducing Cost

The Promise of Meeting Development Regulations

The Promise of Preserving Native Ecosystems

The Promise of Beauty

Acknowledgements

References

DIMENSIONS OF POROUS PAVEMENT INSTALLATIONS

Porous Pavement Components

Porous Pavement Materials

Examples of Selective Application

Provisions for All Porous Pavement Applications

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

POROUS PAVEMENT STRUCTURE

The Load of Traffic on Pavement

The Bearing of Load by Subgrade

The Structural Roles of Pavement Material

Compaction and Its Alternatives

Pavement Adaptation to Freezing

Pavement Adaptation to Special Subgrades

Pavement Adaptation at Edges

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

POROUS PAVEMENT HYDROLOGY

Surface Infiltration and Runoff

Disposition of Water Below Pavement Surface

Storage in Pavement Reservoir

Reservoir Discharge Through Perforated Pipe

Infiltration Into Subgrade

Water-Quality Treatment

The Importance of Small Storms

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

POROUS PAVEMENT TREE ROOTING MEDIA

Viable Rooting Media

Rooting Volume

The Role of a Pavement's Surface Course

Base Course Rooting Media

Rooting Space in Subgrade

Special Treatment at the Tree Base

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

POROUS AGGREGATE

General Characteristics of Aggregate Materials

Mineral Aggregate Materials

ESCS Aggregate Materials

Recycled Aggregate Materials

Porous Aggregate Surfaces

Porous Aggregate Surfaces in Pedestrian Plazas

Porous Aggregate Surfaces in Residential Driveways

Porous Aggregate Surfaces in Parking Lots

Porous Aggregate Surfaces in Work and Equipment Platforms

Porous Aggregate Surfaces in Playgrounds

Porous Aggregate Base Courses and Reservoirs

Porous Aggregate Filter Layers and Use of Geotextiles

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

POROUS TURF R.B. Sawhill

Relationship Between Turf and Traffic

Turfgrass Species and Varieties

Turf Construction

Turf Maintenance

Turf Infiltration Rate

Unreinforced Turf for Pedestrian Traffic

Unreinforced Turf for Vehicular Traffic

Turf Reinforcement

Reinforced Turf for Vehicular Traffic

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

PLASTIC GEOCELLS

Geocell Installation

Maintenance Cost

Geoblock

Grasspave

Grassroad and Tufftrack

Grassy Pavers

Gravelpave

Netpave

Other Models of Plastic Geocells

Flexible Plastic Webs

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

OPEN-JOINTED PAVING BLOCKS

The Concrete Paving Block Industry

Configuration and Use of Block Surfaces

Construction of Open-Jointed Block Pavements

Joint-Fill Materials and Their Implications

Factors in Stability and Infiltration

Drainstone Concrete Block

Ecoloc Concrete Block

Eco-Logic Concrete Block

Eco-Stone Concrete Block

SF-Rima Concrete Block

Paving Blocks of Other Materials

Open Patterns With Rectangular Paving Blocks

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

OPEN-CELLED PAVING GRIDS

The Concrete Grid Manufacturing Industry

Construction of Open-Celled Grid Pavements

Grass Performance in Grid Cells

Ambergrid Concrete Grid

Checkerblock Concrete Grid

Grasscrete Concrete Grid Slab

Monoslab Concrete Grid

Turfstone Concrete Grid

Other Models of Concrete Grids

Open-Celled Paving Bricks

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

POROUS CONCRETE

The Porous Concrete Paving Industry

Advantages and Disadvantages of Porous Concrete

Hydrology of Porous Concrete

Constituents of Porous Concrete

Construction of Porous Concrete Pavements

Joints in Porous Concrete

Care Required in Porous Concrete Installation

Porous Concrete in Successful and Unsuccessful Installations

Further Installations on Sandy Subgrades

Porous Concrete on the West Coast

Porous Concrete on Fine-Texture Subgrades

Toward Porous Concrete in Cold Climates

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

POROUS ASPHALT

Components of Asphalt Mixtures

Early Porous Asphalt Mixtures

Contemporary Changes in Porous Asphalt Mixtures

Construction of Porous Asphalt Pavement

Porous Asphalt Construction Cost

Porous Asphalt Hydrology

Porous Asphalt Maintenance and Rehabilitation

Porous Asphalt Pavements in Practice

Porous Asphalt in Overlays

Acknowledgements

References

SOFT POROUS SURFACING K. Sorvig

The Theory and Practice of Softness

Where to use SPS

Safety and Accessibility of Loose-Fill Surfaces

SPS Installation

Considerations for Use of Organic Materials

Wood and Bark Materials

Examples of Wood and Bark Mulch Installations

Organic Crop Byproducts

Mollusk Shells

Granular Recycled Rubber

Acknowledgements

Trademarks

References

DECKS G.A. Coyle

Deck Components and Effects

Natural Wood in Deck Construction

Plastic and Composite Lumber in Deck Construction

On-Grade Decks

Elevated Decks

Decks in Practice

Trademarks

Acknowledgements

References

Name: Porous Pavements (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Bruce K. FergusonSeries Editor: Robert L. FranceContributors: Gregg A. Coyle, Ronald Sawhill, Kim Sorvig. Pavements are the most ubiquitous of all man-made structures, and they have an enormous impact on environmental quality. They are responsible for hydrocarbon pollutants, excess runoff, groundwater decline and the resulting local water shortages,...
Categories: Landscape Conservation, Maintenance and Management, Transportation Engineering, Composites