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Hydrodynamics and Transport for Water Quality Modeling

By James L. Martin, Steven C. McCutcheon

Contributors: Robert W. Schottman

CRC Press – 1998 – 816 pages

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    978-0-87371-612-3
    December 14th 1998

Description

Hydrodynamics and Transport for Water Quality Modeling presents a complete overview of current methods used to describe or predict transport in aquatic systems, with special emphasis on water quality modeling. The book features detailed descriptions of each method, supported by sample applications and case studies drawn from the authors' years of experience in the field. Each chapter examines a variety of modeling approaches, from simple to complex. This unique text/reference offers a wealth of information previously unavailable from a single source.

The book begins with an overview of basic principles, and an introduction to the measurement and analysis of flow. The following section focuses on rivers and streams, including model complexity and data requirements, methods for estimating mixing, hydrologic routing methods, and unsteady flow modeling. The third section considers lakes and reservoirs, and discusses stratification and temperature modeling, mixing methods, reservoir routing and water balances, and dynamic modeling using one-, two-, and three-dimensional models. The book concludes with a section on estuaries, containing topics such as origins and classification, tides, mixing methods, tidally averaged estuary models, and dynamic modeling. Over 250 figures support the text.

This is a valuable guide for students and practicing modelers who do not have extensive backgrounds in fluid dynamics.

Contents

SECTION I. FUNDAMENTALS

Chapter 1. Fundamental Relationships for Flow and Transport

Mechanistic versus Empirical Modeling

General Principles

Physical Properties of Water

Instantaneous Equations for Fluid Flow and Transport

Reynolds Time-Averaged Mean Flow and Transport Equations

Model Complexity: Selection and Development

Data Requirements

Definitions

Dimensionless Numbers

Chapter 2. Measurement and Analysis of Flow

Introduction

Measurement of Velocity and Flow

Measurement of Stage

Computation of Discharge

Tracer Studies

Estimating Design Flows

Appendices

SECTION II. RIVERS AND STREAMS

Chapter 3. Flow Models for Rivers and Streams

Introduction

Flow Model Complexity

Data Requirements

Estimating Mixing in Streams and Rivers

Chapter 4. Non-Hydraulic Methods for Flow Estimation

Flow Relationships

Hydrologic Routing Methods

Chapter 5. Hydraulic Methods for Steady Flows

Steady, Uniform Flows

Hydraulic Methods for Steady, Non-Uniform Flows

Chapter 6. Hydraulic Methods for Unsteady Flows

Introduction

Solution Techniques

Unsteady Flow Methods

Kinematic-Wave Model

Chapter 7. Solutions of Complete Unsteady Flow Models

Explicit Solution of a Link-Node Model

Implicit Solution Using the Four-Point Method

SECTION III. LAKES AND RESERVOIRS

Chapter 8. Stratification and Heat Transfer in Lakes and Reservoirs

Introduction to Lakes and Reservoirs

Origin and Characteristics of Lakes and Reservoirs

Stratification in Lakes and Reservoirs

Temperature Simulation

Ice Formation and Cover

Chapter 9. Mixing in Lakes and Reservoirs

Introduction

Inflow Mixing Processes

Outflow Mixing Processes

Mixing by Wind, Waves, Convective Cooling, and Coriolis Forces

Reservoir Management and Mixing Processes

Chapter 10. Water Balances and Multidimensional Models

Introduction

Water Balance for Lakes and Reservoirs

Zero-Dimensional or Box Models of Lake and Reservoir Quality

One-Dimensional, Longitudinal Models of Lakes and Reservoirs

One-Dimensional, Vertical Models of Lakes and Reservoirs

Two-Dimensional (Laterally Averaged) Models

Two-Dimensional Depth Averaged Models

Three-Dimensional Models

SECTION IV. ESTUARIES

Chapter 11. Introduction to Estuaries

Introduction

General Characteristics of Estuaries

Classification Schemes

Chapter 12. Factors Affecting Transport and Mixing in Estuaries

Introduction

Tides

The Coriolis Force

Fresh Water Inflow

Meteorological Effects

Bathymetry

Model Complexity

Chapter 13. Turbulent Mixing and Dispersion in Estuaries

Eddy Viscosity and Diffusivity

Dispersion in Estuaries

Estimation of Mixing Terms

Chapter 14. Tidally Averaged Estuarine Models

Introduction

Fraction of Freshwater Method

Modified Tidal Prism Method

Pritchard's Method

Lung and O'Connor's Method

Computing Tidal Transport from Measured or Predicted Velocities

Chapter 15. Dynamic Modeling of Estuaries

Introduction

Factors Distinguishing Modeling Approaches

One-Dimensional Models of Estuaries

Two-Dimensional (Horizontal Plane) Models

Two-Dimensional (Vertical Plane) Models

Three-Dimensional Models

Coupling Hydrodynamic and Water Quality Models

Appendices

Name: Hydrodynamics and Transport for Water Quality Modeling (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By James L. Martin, Steven C. McCutcheonContributors: Robert W. Schottman. Hydrodynamics and Transport for Water Quality Modeling presents a complete overview of current methods used to describe or predict transport in aquatic systems, with special emphasis on water quality modeling. The book features detailed descriptions of...
Categories: Water Science, Water Engineering