Japanese Women in Science and Engineering
History and Policy Change
Routledge – 2015 – 240 pages
This book traces the historical development of Japan’s policies towards women in science and education. It shows how a policy of gender equality in science and engineering has been introduced through the coordinated efforts of academia, scientific societies and the government, and how this has led to a slow but steady increase in female representation. The book draws on extensive interviews with government officials, scientists and educators in Japan to provide a revealing case study on how the underrepresentation of women in the fields of science, technology and engineering has been approached and dealt with by a national government.
1. Introduction - state of affairs 2. History of women’s education in pre-WWII Japan 3. Policy changes from the post-WWII period up to the mid-1980’s 4. From Equal Opportunities to Equal Participation: Women’s careers in science and engineering in the 1990s 5. Promotion of Gender Equality via Equal Participation of Men and Women in the late 1990s and 2000s 6. Progress and interim evaluation of policy: what has changed? 7. Conclusion - future challenges and prospects
Naonori Kodate is Lecturer in Social Policy at UCD School of Applied Social Science, University College Dublin, Ireland.
Kashiko Kodate is Professor Emeritus of Japan Women's University, Director of Gender Equality in the Japan Science and Technology Agency and Professor at the University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan.