Cryobanking the Genetic Resource
Wildlife Conservation for the Future?
Edited by Paul Watson, William V. Holt
CRC Press – 2001 – 480 pages
There is a growing awareness of a worldwide reduction in biodiversity and the urgent need to develop ways to redress the problem. This is the first major book devoted to the subject of genetic resource banking (GRB) and its role in preserving global animal biodiversity.
In Cryobanking the Genetic Resource, expert contributors provide the non-specialist with an overview of the subject and the practical techniques associated with GRB. The book presents a basic introduction to the concepts, and then points the way to relevant literature for those who wish to develop practical applications. The first section deals with the potential contribution of GRB to biodiversity protection, while the second section offers an introduction to the basic cryobiology of gametes and embryos.
In the first section, genetic considerations for planning interventions are discussed, together with disease control measures. This section explores related reproductive technologies necessary for the use of cryopreserved gametes and embryos, as well as a range of other issues such as ownership and security of stored material, and the size and location of cryopreserved material. The second section offers a thorough review of the literature on cryopreservation of spermatozoa, oocytes, and embryos. It gathers species into related groups for ease of reference, and does not assume extensive specialist knowledge so that newcomers to the field can make the best use of the available research.
This book is an essential resource for zoologists and conservationists with an interest in genetic management and captive breeding, and also for students involved in biodiversity issues, conservation, and assisted reproduction.
CONSIDERATIONS PERTINENT TO GENETIC RESOURCE BANKING
Genetic Resource Banking and Maintaining Biodiversity
Principles of Cryopreservation of Gametes and Embryos
Establishing Animal Germplasm Resource Banks for Wildlife Conservation
Disease Control Measures for Genetic Resource Banking
Reproductive Technologies Necessary for Successful Applications of Genetic Resource Banking
Organizational Issues Concerning the Establishment of a Genetic Resource Bank
Towards the Development of a Genetic Resource Bank for the Mohor Gazelle: Putting Theory into Practice
SURVEY OF THE LITERATURE ON CRYOPRESERVATION OF GAMETES AND EMBRYOS
Techniques of Genetic Resource Banking in Fish
Cryopreservation of Gametes and Embryos in Reptiles and Amphibians
The Cryopreservation of Germplasm in Domestic and Non-domestic Birds
Germplasm Conservation in Marsupials
Gamete and Embryo Cryopreservation in Rodents
Cryopreservation of Lagomorph Gametes and Embryos
The Cryopreservation of Gametes and Embryos of Cattle, Sheep, Goats and Pigs
Germplasm Cryopreservation in Elephants and Wild Ungulates
Genetic Resource Banking in the Equidae
Cryopreservation of Gametes and Embryos of Canidae and Felidae
Gamete Cryopreservation and Reproductive Technologies in Miscellaneous Mammals
Germplasm Cryopreservation of Non-human Primates
The Cryopreservation of Human Gametes and Embryos