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Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition

By Michael C. Newman

CRC Press – 2009 – 571 pages

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  • Add to CartHardback: $104.95
    978-1-42-006704-0
    September 28th 2009

Description

Each year ecotoxicological problems become increasingly complex and encompass broader spatial and temporal scales. Our practical understanding must evolve accordingly to maintain an acceptable quality of life. Fully revised and expanded to reflect new developments, the third edition of Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology provides a broad overview of the field that ranges from molecular to global issues.

New in the third edition:

  • Revised chapter on contaminant types and sources
  • Expanded by 100 pages beyond the second edition
  • More integration of contaminant sources and fate
  • Color graphics including fifteen color insert images
  • New vignettes contributed by international experts
  • Appendices describing current Chinese and Australian legislation in addition to U.S. and EU legislation

The text details key environmental contaminants, explores their fates in the biosphere, and discusses bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. It also covers regulatory aspects of the field and discusses key Australian, U.S., European, and Chinese legislation and policies. Vignettes written by experts illustrate key themes or highlight especially pertinent examples. Instructors can present the core concepts of each chapter and use the vignettes for student-lead discussions.

The time has passed when it was sufficient for the ecotoxicologist to focus only on new human toxicants as they appear and then explore how they impact nonhuman species. Keeping this in mind, the textbook extends the discussion of ecotoxicants beyond the conventional ecosystem to include landscape, regional, and biospheric topics. This extension imparts a perspective as encompassing as the problems facing us today.

Contents

GENERAL

Introduction

Historical Need for Ecotoxicology

Current Need for Ecotoxicology Expertise

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology: A Synthetic Science

Summary

Suggested Readings

Major Classes of Contaminants

Introduction

Major Classes of Contaminants

Summary

Background Chemistry Concepts and Definitions

BIOACCUMULATION

Uptake, Biotransformation, Detoxifi cation, Elimination, and Accumulation

Introduction

Biotransformation and Detoxification

Elimination

Summary

Suggested Readings

Factors Influencing Bioaccumulation

Introduction

Chemical Qualities Influencing Bioavailability

Biological Qualities Influencing Bioaccumulation

Summary

Bioaccumulation from Food and Trophic Transfer

Introduction

Quantifying Bioaccumulation from Food

Inorganic Contaminants

Organic Compounds

Summary

TOXICANT EFFECTS

Molecular Effects and Biomarkers

Introduction

Organic Compound Detoxification

Stress Proteins

Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Response

DNA Modification

Enzyme Dysfunction and Substrate Pool Shifts

Cells, Tissues, and Organs

Introduction

General Cytotoxicity and Histopathology

Gene and Chromosome Damage

Cancer

Gills as an Example

Liver as an Example

Summary

Sublethal Effects to Individuals

Selyean Stress

Growth

Development

Physiology

Immunology

Detecting Sublethal Effects

Summary

Acute and Chronic Lethal Effects to Individuals

General

Dose-Response

Survival Time

Factors Influencing Lethality

Summary

Effects on Populations

Epidemiology

Population Dynamics and Demography

Population Genetics

Effects on Communities and Ecosystems

Interactions Involving Two or a Few Species

Ecosystem Qualities

Summary

Landscape to Global Effects

General

Continents and Hemispheres

Biosphere

Summary

RISK FROM TOXICANTS

Risk Assessment of Contaminants

Overview

Human Risk Assessment

Ecological Risk Assessment

Radiation Risk Assessment

Conclusion

SUMMARY

Conclusions

Overview

Practical Importance of Ecotoxicology

Scientific Importance of Ecotoxicology

Study Questions

Glossary

Appendix 1. International System (SI) of Units Prefixes

Appendix 2. Miscellaneous Conversion Factors

Appendix 3. Summary of U.S. Laws and Regulations

Appendix 4. Summary of European Union Laws and Regulations

Appendix 5. Summary of Modern Environmental Laws and Regulations of China

Appendix 6. Regulation and Management of Chemicals in Australia

Appendix 7. Derivation of Units for Simple Bioaccumulation Models

Appendix 8. Equations for the Estimation of Exposure

References

Index

Author Bio

Michael C. Newman, is a professor at the College of William & Mary and the Virginia Institute of Marine Science.

Name: Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, Third Edition (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Michael C. Newman. Each year ecotoxicological problems become increasingly complex and encompass broader spatial and temporal scales. Our practical understanding must evolve accordingly to maintain an acceptable quality of life. Fully revised and expanded to reflect new...
Categories: Natural Hazards & Risk, Chemical Engineering, Environmental & Ecological Toxicology