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Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation, Eighth Edition

By Barry A. J. Fisher, David R. Fisher

CRC Press – 2012 – 535 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $104.95
    978-1-43-981005-7
    June 15th 2012

Description

"If you are a Professional Crime Scene Investigator, then this book is a must have for both your personal forensic reference library, as well as your office reference library."

—Edward W. Wallace Jr., Certified Senior Crime Scene Analyst, Retired First Grade Detective, NYPD

"Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation is a well-written, comprehensive guide to the investigative and technical aspects of CSI. The textbook is an educational standard on the theory and practice of crime scene investigation and includes many informative casework examples and photographs. On reading this book, students, entry-level personnel, and experienced practitioners will have a better understanding of the strengths and limitations of forensic science in its application to crime scene investigations."

—Professor Don Johnson, School of Criminal Justice and Criminalistics, California State University, Los Angeles

The application of science and technology plays a critical role in the investigation and adjudication of crimes in our criminal justice system. But before science can be brought to bear on evidence, it must be recognized and collected in an appropriate manner at crime scenes. Written by authors with over 50 years of combined experience in forensic science, Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation examines the concepts, field-tested techniques, and procedures of crime scene investigation. Detectives, crime scene technicians, and forensic scientists can rely on this updated version of the "forensics bible" to effectively apply science and technology to the tasks of solving crimes.

What’s New in the Eighth Edition:

  • The latest in forensic DNA testing and collection, including low copy number DNA
  • A new chapter on digital evidence
  • New case studies with color photographs
  • End-of-chapter study questions
  • Practical tips and tricks of the trade in crime scene processing

Reviews

"If you are a Professional Crime Scene Investigator, then this book is a must-have for both your personal forensic reference library, as well as your office reference library."

—Edward W. Wallace Jr., Certified Senior Crime Scene Analyst, Retired First Grade Detective, NYPD

"Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation is a well-written, comprehensive guide to the investigative and technical aspects of CSI. The textbook is an educational standard on the theory and practice of crime scene investigation and includes many informative casework examples and photographs. On reading this book, students, entry-level personnel, and experienced practitioners will have a better understanding of the strengths and limitations of forensic science in its application to crime scene investigations."

—Professor Don Johnson, School of Criminal Justice and Criminalistics, California State University, Los Angeles

Contents

Introduction

Classification and Individualization of Physical Evidence

Collection and Preservation of Physical Evidence

Important Considerations in Crime Scene Investigations

Courtroom Testimony Tips

Before Going to Court

Giving Expert Testimony

Cross-Examination

Other Points

Teamwork

Professional Development

First Officer at the Crime Scene

The Case of the Lady in Cement

The First Officer at the Scene

Recording the Time

When a Suspect Is Found at the Scene

Entering the Scene Proper

Protecting the Integrity of the Scene

Injured Person on the Scene

Dead Person on the Scene

Summoning the Coroner/Medical Examiner

Firearms and Ammunition on the Scene

What to Do Until Investigating Personnel Arrive

Continued Protection of the Scene

The Crime Scene Investigator

Actual Examination of the Scene

Specialized Personnel at the Crime Scene

Health and Safety Issues at Crime Scenes

Processing the Crime Scene

Plan of Action

Note Taking

Crime Scene Search

Crime Scene Photography

Sketching the Crime Scene

Collection of Evidence

Establishing Identity

Fingerprints and Palm Prints

Handwriting Examination

Identification of Human Remains

Trace Evidence

Sources of Trace Evidence

Collection and Preservation of Trace Evidence

Examples of Trace Evidence

Objects Left at the Crime Scene

Blood, Forensic Biology, and DNA

A Word of Caution!

Contamination

Bloodstain Pattern Analysis

Presumptive Tests for Blood†

Searching for Bloodstains

Description and Recording of Bloodstains

Collection and Preservation of Bloodstains

Removal of Bloodstains

Bloodstained Objects

Semen-Stained Objects

Forensic DNA Typing

PCR-Based Technology

High Sensitivity DNA Testing/Touch DNA

Mitochondrial DNA

Y-STRs

CODIS

Forensic DNA and Unsolved Cases

Partial Matches and Familial Searching

Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods

DNA Cases

The Molecular Autopsy

Missing Persons

Biogeographical Ancestry

The Future

Impression Evidence

Footprints

Marks on Clothes and Parts of the Body

Casting Material for Bite Mark Evidence

Tool Marks

Firearms Examination

Characteristics of Firearms

Ammunition

Firearms Evidence

Gunshot Residue (GSR) Analysis

Collecting Firearms Evidence

Handling of Firearms

Cartridge Cases

Bullets

Arson and Explosives

Physical Evidence

Explosives

Homemade Explosives

Bomb Scene Investigation

Illicit Drugs and Toxicology

Psychoactive Drugs

Crime Scene Search

Clandestine Drug Laboratories

Collection and Preservation of Evidence

The Field Investigation Drug Officer

Toxicology

U.S. DEA Drug Schedule Classification

Investigating Sexual Assault

Rape

Other Assaults

Public Lewdness/Forcible Touching

Burglary Investigation

Points of Entry

Entry through Windows

Entry through Doors

Entry through Basement Windows and Skylights

Entry through Roofs

Entry through Walls

Entry through Floors

Simulated Burglaries

Detailed Examination of the Scene

Safe Burglaries

Safe Burglaries Using Explosives

Motor Vehicle Investigation

Vehicle Theft

Abandoned Vehicles

Homicide in a Vehicle

Hit-and-Run Investigation

Marks from Vehicles

Homicide Investigation

Murder, Suicide, or Accident?

Cause of Death

Suicide

Signs of Struggle

Location of Weapon

Examination of a Dead Body at the Crime Scene

Murder

Detailed Examination of the Scene of the Crime

Outdoor Crime Scenes

Discovering a Body Hidden at Another Location

Investigation of a Greatly Altered Body or Skeleton

The Scene of Discovery

Packing and Transporting

Examining Remains of Clothing and Other Objects

Estimating the Time of Death

Decomposition of the Body

Action of Insects and Other Animals on a Dead Body

Other Indications of Time of Death

The Autopsy

Injuries from External Mechanical Violence

Injuries from Sharp External Violence

Marks or Damage on Clothing

Defense Injuries

Firearm Injuries

Bullet Injuries

Close and Distant Shots

Marks from Primers

Traces from Bullets

Traces from Cartridge Cases

Traces from the Barrel of the Weapon

Injuries from Small Shot

Damage to Clothes from Shooting

Modes of Death from Shooting

Explosion Injuries

Death by Suffocation

Death from Electric Currents

Violent Death in Fires

Death by Freezing

Death by Poisoning

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Rape-Homicide and Sexual Assault-Related Murders

Infanticide and Child Abuse

Trunk Murder, Dismemberment of the Body

Accidental Death

Serial Murders

Digital Evidence

Computer Seizure

Steps to Remember

Collecting Video Evidence

Determine If There Is a Video

Stop the Recorder

Confiscate the Recording Medium Immediately

Document the Video System’s Physical Relationship to the Crime Scene

Seek Technical Assistance If Problems Occur

Appendix A

Appendix B

Bibliography

Index

Author Bio

Barry A. J. Fisher served as the crime laboratory director for the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, a position he held from 1987 until his retirement in 2009. He is a Distinguished Fellow and past president of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences and was awarded the Academy’s highest award, the Gradwohl Medallion. He served as president of the International Association of Forensic Sciences, president of the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors, and is a past chairman of the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors—Laboratory Accreditation Board. He has lectured throughout the United States, Canada, England, Australia, Singapore, France, Israel, Japan, China, Turkey, and Portugal on forensic science laboratory practices, quality assurance, and related topics. In 2000, he led a forensic science delegation to lecture to forensic scientists in the People’s Republic of China. Since retiring, Fisher has consulted for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the United States Department of Justice, International Criminal Investigative Training Program (ICITAP), and Analytic Services Inc.

David R. Fisher currently works as a criminalist supervisor in a large public forensic laboratory in New York City. He has worked on hundreds of homicide, sexual assault, and property crime cases and has testified in court and in the grand jury as a DNA expert on numerous occasions. Fisher is certified by the American Board of Criminalistics and is a Fellow in the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. He also maintains membership in the International Association for Identification, the Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists and is an associate member in the International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts. Fisher also has much experience in mass fatality incidents. After the events of 9/11, he helped with the identifications of victims from the World Trade Center attack. As an intermittent federal employee with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Team (DMORT), he was deployed to the Gulf region in 2005 to aid in the identification of victims from Hurricane Katrina.

Related Subjects

  1. Forensic Science - Law

Name: Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation, Eighth Edition (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Barry A. J. Fisher, David R. Fisher. "If you are a Professional Crime Scene Investigator, then this book is a must have for both your personal forensic reference library, as well as your office reference library." —Edward W. Wallace Jr., Certified Senior Crime Scene...
Categories: Forensic Science - Law