Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Volume One
Overview and Fundamentals
Edited by Harindra Joseph Fernando
CRC Press – 2012 – 635 pages
CRC Press – 2012 – 635 pages
With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the study of environmental motions. It also offers critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering.
The handbook features 81 chapters written by 135 renowned researchers from around the world. Covering environmental, policy, biological, and chemical aspects, it tackles important cross-disciplinary topics such as sustainability, ecology, pollution, micrometeorology, and limnology.
Volume One: Overview and Fundamentals provides a comprehensive overview of the basic principles. It starts with general topics that emphasize the relevance of environmental fluid dynamics research in society, public policy, infrastructure, quality of life, security, and the law. It then discusses established and emerging focus areas. The volume also examines the sub-mesoscale flow processes and phenomena that form the building blocks of environmental motions, with emphasis on turbulent motions and their role in heat, momentum, and species transport.
As communities face existential challenges posed by climate change, rapid urbanization, and scarcity of water and energy, the study of environmental fluid dynamics becomes increasingly relevant. This volume is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers working to better understand the fundamentals of environmental motions and how they affect and are influenced by anthropogenic activities.
Praise for the Two-Volume Set
"I strongly recommend the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics to all scientists and engineers involved in or just intrigued by the interplay of fluid dynamics with the environment. Guided by the skillful editorship of Joe Fernando, and dedicated to the memory of Owen M. Phillips, a marvelous teacher and one of the top geophysical fluid dynamicists of the past century, every topic of importance in environmental fluid dynamics is superbly addressed by an outstanding selection of authors; I predict the books will be an important resource for years to come."
—Professor James J. Riley, University of Washington
"This handbook is probably the most prestigious and broadest survey in environmental fluid dynamics that has come to light so far. It brings together state-of-the-art knowledge of leading experts in topics ranging from climate change and risk assessment to more fundamental subjects such as turbulence and dispersion within two volumes and 81 chapters. It promises to become one of the most important references in this field."
—Professor Jan-Bert Flór, Laboratoire des Ecoulements Géophysiques et Industriels, CNRS
"Dr. Fernando has assembled an impressive team of contributors from a wide range of fields. The book is as close to a comprehensive view of the field as possible in one handbook."
—Professor John S. Gulliver, University of Minnesota
"This grand two-volume set provides an excellent exposé of the vast interdisciplinary field of environmental fluid dynamics including its societal importance. The work spans time and space scales ranging from small-scale stratified turbulence to large-scale climate and introduces the reader to the many observational, theoretical, and numerical techniques used to study outdoor flows—a great resource."
—Dr. Peter Sullivan, National Center for Atmospheric Research
"I will definitely recommend this handbook to students and stakeholders concerned by environmental problems."
—Professor Philippe Fraunié, Université du Sud Toulon-Var
Part I Overview and General Topics
Environmental Fluid Dynamics
Harindra Joseph Shermal Fernando
Research in EFD and Its Policy Implications
Interdisciplinary Dynamics in EFD Research
Eric R. Pardyjak and Jessica L. Thompson
Climate Change and Its Effects on Environmental Fluid Systems
B. Karney and S.K. Venayagamoorthy
Air Quality and Management
Forecasting and Management of Coastal Water Quality
Joseph H.W. Lee, Ken T.M. Wong, and K.W. Choi
Soil and Aquifer Management
Security and Environmental Fluid Dynamics
Malcolm J. Andrews, Fernando F. Ginstein, Edward Kwicklis, and Rodman Linn
C.L. Winter and D.M. Tartakovsky
Patrick J. Paul
Part II Focus Areas for Study of Natural Systems
A. Wüest and M. Schmid
Microbial and Ecological Fluid Dynamics
Micro- and Nano-Scale Flows Relevant to the Environment
Howard A. Stone
J.H. Fink and A.B. Clarke
Buoyant Outflows to the Coastal Ocean
Hydrodynamics of Coastal Circulation
D. Haidvogel and R. Chant
Ice Dynamics and Transport
Steven F. Daly and Robert Ettema
Part III Fundamental Flow Phenomena and Turbulence
Turbulence in the Environment
Peter G. Baines
Hydraulics of Vegetated Canopies
Iehisa Nezu and Taka-aki Okamoto
E.G. Patton and J.J. Finnigan
Jets and Plumes
Scott A. Socolofsky, Tobias Bleninger, and Robert L. Doneker
Stratified Wakes and Their Signatures
Gravity Currents and Intrusions
Internal Gravity Waves
Bruce R. Sutherland
Rotation Effects in Environmental Flows
Peter A. Davies and Yakun Guo
G.J.F. van Heijst
Surface Waves in Coastal Waters
Chiang C. Mei
Drops and Bubbles in the Environment
Lydia Bourouiba and John W.M. Bush
Flows Involving Phase Change
Herbert E. Huppert and M. Grae Worster
Turbulent Gas Transfer across Air–Water Interfaces
Jaywant H. Arakeri
Convection (Rotating Fluids)
Robert E. Ecke
Shallow Shear Flows in Surface Water
M.S. Ghidaoui and M.Y. Lam
Shallow Granular Flows
O. Bokhove and A.R. Thornton
Turbidity Currents and Powder Snow Avalanches
Eckart Meiburg, Jim McElwaine, and Ben Kneller
Mechanics of Debris Flows and Rock Avalanches
Richard M. Iverson
Harindra Joseph Shermal Fernando is the Wayne and Diana Murdy Endowed Professor of Engineering and Geosciences at the University of Notre Dame, with the primary affiliation in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences and a concurrent appointment in the Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering. He has received numerous awards and honors, including a UNESCO Team Gold Medal (1979), Presidential Young Investigator Award (NSF, 1986), and Rieger Foundation Distinguished Scholar Award in Environmental Sciences (2001). He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Physical Society, and American Meteorological Society and was elected to the European Academy in 2009. He serves on the editorial boards of Applied Mechanics Reviews (associate editor), Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics (editor, 1997–), IAHR Journal of Hydro-Environment (associate editor), Physics of Fluids (associate editor) and EGS Journal of Non-Linear Processes in Geophysics (editor). He is also the editor in chief of the Journal of Environmental Fluid Dynamics. Professor Fernando has published more than 225 papers spanning nearly 50 international peer-reviewed journals.