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Tolerance to Environmental Contaminants

Edited by Claude Amiard-Triquet, Philip S. Rainbow, Michele Romeo

CRC Press – 2011 – 464 pages

Series: Environmental and Ecological Risk Assessment

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $146.95
    978-1-43-981770-4
    January 21st 2011

Description

Tolerance, the ability of populations to cope with the chemical stress resulting from toxic contaminants, has been described in many organisms from bacteria to fungi, from phytoplankton to terrestrial flowering plants, and from invertebrates such as worms to vertebrates like fish and amphibians. The building of tolerance, be it by physiological acclimation or genetic adaptation, can have great consequences for the local biodiversity, and hence the ecology and ecosystem functioning of many of the world’s habitats. Understanding the frequency of the occurrence of tolerance has tremendous implications for the sustainability of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.

Tolerance to Environmental Contaminants takes a multidisciplinary approach across contaminant types, habitats, organisms, biological levels of organization and scientific disciplines. The book examines the general principles governing the acquisition and biological consequences of tolerance, genetically or physiologically based, at different levels of biological organization, taxonomically from bacteria and archaea to flowering plants and vertebrates, and within organisms from molecular biology and biochemistry through physiology to whole organism, community, and ecosystem levels of organization.

Presenting a state-of-the-art synthesis of the many aspects of the phenomenon of tolerance to environmental contaminants, this volume covers mechanisms of defense involved in the acquisition of tolerance, different classes of environmental contaminants, positive and negative ecological consequences of tolerance and the impact of tolerance in bacteria, plants, and insects on society. The reviews presented in this book supply the tools for carrying out more informed and therefore more reliable risk-benefit analyses when assessing the ecotoxicological risks to life in any of the contaminated habitats that now surround us in our industrialized society.

Reviews

The species examined are very diverse … Consequently, virtually every branch of the natural sciences is represented, making the potential readership considerable. Of very relevant interest is emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and insecticidal-resistance to DDT. Is resistance a function of DNA changes, changes in individual proteins, other structural changes, or a combination? These are the answers sought. … it is a very valuable addition to the literature. It defines the multidisciplinary approaches necessary to educate advanced students of toxicology and environmental science by describing the complexities involved, and how to utilise logic to prevent the accidental (and sometimes deliberate) poisoning of the general environment.

—K. Jones, in Chromatographia, 74:851

Books such as this serve an important function in showing how far we have progressed in a particular field. For that, we should thank the editors and authors and those who are pursing or considering pursuing research in this field must obtain a copy. Now we must hope that someone will take the next big step of developing a theory of acquired tolerance to environmental contaminants that leads to a useful assessment practice. This book could provide the jumping off point.

—Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, Volume 8, Number 3, 2012 SETAC

"Overall, the book is well organised and the various articles (arranged into sections) offer a progression through a multiscale approach to contamination and risks for humans through the use of natural resources. Certainly, this is a state of the art synthesis that will be welcome by specialists but can also be of use to informed managers wishing to carry out risk-benefit analysis. Students will find a wealth of information there, both for preparing and revising exams and write essays."

—Jean-Paul Ducrotoy, ECSA Bul lel;in 56 - Winter 1010

Contents

Preface

About the Editors

Contributors

Pollution Tolerance: From Fundamental Biological Mechanisms to Ecological Consequences, Claude Amiard-Triquet

Tolerance to Contaminants: Evidence from Chronically Exposed Populations of Aquatic Organisms, Emma L. Johnston

Inter- and Intraspecific Variability of Tolerance: Implications for Bioassays and Biomonitoring, Brigitte Berthet, Kenneth M. Y. Leung, and Claude Amiard-Triquet

Microbial Pollution-Induced Community Tolerance, Ahmed Tlili and Bernard Montuelle

Tolerance to Natural Environmental Change and the Effect of Added Chemical Stress. Herman Hummel, Adam Sokolowski, Christiaan Hummel, and Sander Wijnhoven

Mechanisms of Defence and the Acquisition of Tolerance to Chemical Stress

Biodynamic Parameters of the Accumulation of Toxic Metals, Detoxification, and the Acquisition of Metal Tolerance, Philip S. Rainbow and Samuel N. Luoma

Antioxidant Defenses and Acquisition of Tolerance to Chemical Stress, Francesco Regoli, Maura Benedetti, and Maria Elisa Giuliani

Biotransformation of Organic Contaminants and the Acquisition of Resistance, Michèle Roméo and Isaac Wirgin

Stress Proteins and the Acquisition of Tolerance, Catherine Mouneyrac and Michèle Roméo

The Multixenobiotic Transport System: A System Governing Intracellular Contaminant Bioavailability, Gautier Damiens and Christophe Minier

Ecological and Ecophysiological Aspects of Tolerance

Tolerance and Biodiversity, Judith S. Weis

Cost of Tolerance, Catherine Mouneyrac, Priscilla T. Y. Leung, and Kenneth M. Y. Leung

Tolerance and the Trophic Transfer of Contaminants, Claude Amiard-Triquet and Philip S. Rainbow

Case Studies

Bacterial Tolerance in Contaminated Soils: Potential of the PICT Approach in Microbial Ecology, Gwenaël Imfeld, Françoise Bringel, and Stéphane Vuilleumier

Adaptation to Metals in Higher Plants: The Case of Arabidopsis halleri (Brassicaceae), Hélène Frérot, Patrick de Laguérie, Anne Créach, Claire‑Lise Meyer, Maxime Pauwels, and Pierre Saumitou-Laprade

Insecticides with Novel Modes of Action: Mechanism and Resistance Management, Murad Ghanim and Isaac Ishaaya

Conclusions, Claude Amiard-Triquet and Michèle Roméo

Index

Name: Tolerance to Environmental Contaminants (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: Edited by Claude Amiard-Triquet, Philip S. Rainbow, Michele Romeo. Tolerance, the ability of populations to cope with the chemical stress resulting from toxic contaminants, has been described in many organisms from bacteria to fungi, from phytoplankton to terrestrial flowering plants, and from invertebrates such as...
Categories: Environmental & Ecological Toxicology, Natural Hazards & Risk