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Spellman's Standard Handbook for Wastewater Operators, Second Edition (3 Volume Set)

By Frank R. Spellman

CRC Press – 2011 – 1,200 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartPaperback: $231.00
    978-1-43-981890-9
    August 30th 2010

Description

Hailed on first publication as a straightforward, practical, and to-the-point account of wastewater principles, practices, and operations for general readers, students, and wastewater operators in training and for all levels of operators at any level of licensure, Spellman’s Standard Handbook for Wastewater Operators, Volumes I, II, and III almost instantly became the standard resource for this field. The second edition continues the tradition, exploring important aspects of wastewater operations and operator preparation for licensure examinations.

Each volume has been upgraded, updated, and expanded to include additional pertinent information to better prepare each qualified user for professional licensure. More than just a study guide or readily accessible source of information for preparing wastewater personnel for operator certification and licensure, this three-volume manual and troubleshooting guide compiles wastewater treatment information, data, operations material, process control procedures, safety and health information, new trends in wastewater treatment administration and technology, and numerous sample problem-solving practice sets. Drawing on Frank Spellman’s expertise and experience, this book provides:

  • Instant access to information that aids in the efficient operation of a wastewater treatment plant
  • Basic information and sample problem sets needed to prepare for state licensing and certification examinations
  • User-friendly, straightforward fundamental reference material organized into three focused volumes

Contrary to popular belief, treating wastewater is not just a science, but both an art and a science. It requires technical expertise, experience, and an understanding of a broad range of available technologies. With coverage ranging from pumping and screening influent to treating the waste stream and managing biosolids, this three-volume set provides easy-to-understand information. Though formatted at three separate levels, overlap between each volume not only ensures continuity and a smooth read form volume to volume, but makes each one a handheld, stand-alone reference that presents essential information in a precise, efficient, and effective manner.

Contents

Most chapters include an introduction, Chapter Review Questions,

References, and Recommended Reading

VOLUME I: Fundamental Level

Introduction

Setting The Stage

Wastewater Treatment: The Model

Wastewater Terminology and Definitions

Terminology and Definitions

Basic Mathematics

Basic Math Terminology, Definitions, and Calculation Steps

Sequence of Operations

Percent

Powers and Exponents

Averages (Arithmetic Mean)

Ratio

Dimensional Analysis

Geometrical Measurements

Mass Balance and Measuring Plant Performance

Force, Pressure, and Head Calculations

Moving Average

Conversions

Conversion Factors

Measuring Plant Performance

Plant Performance Efficiency

Unit Process Performance/Efficiency

Hydraulic Detention Time

Detention Time in Days

Detention Time in Hours

Detention Time in Minutes Chapter Review Questions

Wastewater Sources and Charactoristics

Wastewater Sources

Physical Characteristics of Water/Wastewater

Chemical Characteristics of Wastewater

Biological Characteristics of Water/Wastewater

Microbiology

Microbiology: What Is It?

Wastewater Microorganisms

Microorganisms (in General)

The Cell

Bacteria

Protozoa

Microscopic Crustaceans

Viruses

Algae

Fungi

Nematodes and Flatworms (Worms)

Helminths

Biological Aspects of Wastewater Treatment Processes

Growth Cycles

Stream Self- (Natural) Purification

Biogeochemical Cycles

Water Hydraulics

Definitions

Principles of Hydraulics

Static Water (Water at Rest)

Gauge Pressure

Dynamic Water (Water in Motion)

Head Loss

Pressure and Head Calculations

Pumps

Basic Pumping Calculations

Centrifugal Pumps

Positive Displacement Pumps

Wastewater Collection

Wastewater Collection Systems

Preliminary Treatment

Screening

Shredding

Grit Removal

Preaeration

Chemical Addition

Equalization

Aerated Systems

Cyclone Degritter

Preliminary Treatment Sampling and Testing

Sedimentation (Primary Treatment)

Secondary Treatment

Treatment Ponds

Trickling Filters

Rotating Biological Contactors

Activated Sludge

Activated Sludge Process: Equipment

Overview of Activated Sludge Process

Activated Sludge Process: Factors Affecting Operation

Growth Curve

Activated Sludge Formation

Activated Sludge: Performance-Controlling Factors

Activated Sludge Modifications

Activated Sludge: Process Control Parameters

Visual Indicators for Influent or Aeration Tanks

Final Settling Tank (Clarifier) Observations

Process Control Testing and Sampling

Chlorination

Chlorine Disinfection

Solids Handling

Sources of Sludge

Sludge Characteristics

Sludge Pumping Calculations

Sludge Thickening

Sludge Stabilization

Wastewater Sampling and Testing

Wastewater Sampling

Wastewater Test Methods

Permits, Records, and Reports

Final Review Exam

VOLUME II: Intermediate Level

Operator Safety

Safety Starts at the Top

Safety Policy

Safety Budget

Safety Person’s Authority

Accident Investigations

Safety Rules

Safety Committee or Council

Worker Input

Accident Reporting

Safety Audits

Communication

Safety Programs

Recordkeeping

Safety Training

Safety Equipment

Water Hydraulics

What Is Water Hydraulics?

Basic Concepts

Properties of Water

Force and Pressure

Head

Flow/Discharge Rate: Water in Motion

Piezometric Surface and Bernoulli’s Theorem

Hydraulic Machines (Pumps)

Well and Wet Well Hydraulics

Friction Head Loss

Basic Piping Hydraulics

Open Channel Flow

Flow Measurement

Hydraulic Machines: Pumps

Basic Pumping Calculations

Centrifugal Pumps

Positive-Displacement Pumps

Wastewater Conveyance

Conveyance Systems

Definitions

Fluids vs. Liquids

Maintaining Fluid Flow in Piping Systems

Piping System Acc essories

Piping Systems: Temperature Effects and Insulation

Metallic Piping

Nonmetallic Piping

Tubing

Industrial Hoses

Pipe and Tube Fittings

Valves

Piping System: Protective Devices

Piping Ancillaries

Wastewater Collection and Preliminary Treatment

Wastewater Collection Systems

Preliminary Treatment

Primary Treatment (Sedimentation)

Process Description

Process Control Calculations

Problem Analysis

Effluent from Settling Tanks

Chapter Review

Secondary Treatment

Introduction

Treatment Ponds

Trickling Filters

Rotating Biological Contactors

Activated Sludge Process

Activated Sludge Terminology

Activated Sludge Process Equipment

Overview of Acti vated Sludge Process

Factors Affecting Operation of the Acti vated Sludge Process

Growth Curve

Activated Sludge Formation

Activated Sludge Performance-Controlling Factors

Activated Sludge Modifications

Activated Sludge Process Control Parameters

Operational Control Levels

Visual Indicators for Influent or Aeration Tank

Final Settling Tank (Clarifier) Observations

Process Control Testing and Sampling

Process Control Calculations

Activated Sludge Process Recordkeeping Requirements

Disinfection

Chlorine Disinfection

Ultraviolet Irradiation

Ozonation

Bromine Chloride

No Disinfection

Solids Handling

Sources of Sludge

Sludge Characteristics

Sludge Pumping Process Control Calculations

Sludge Thickening

Sludge Stabilization

Sludge Dewatering

Land Application of Biosolids

Permits, Records, and Reports

NPDES Permits

Sampling and Testing

Final Review Exam

VOLUME III: Water Ecology

What Is Ecology?

Why Is Ecology Important?

Why Study Ecology?

History of Ecology

Levels of Organization 

Ecosystems

Energy Flow in the Ecosystem

Food Chain Efficiency

Ecological Pyramids

Productivity

Population Ecology

Stream Genesis and Structure

Benthic Life

Benthic Plants and Animals

Benthic Macroinvertebrates

Typical Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Running Waters

Summary of Key Terms

Basic Water Chemistry

Chemistry Concepts and Definitions

Chemistry Fundamentals

Water Solutions

Water Constituents

Common Water Measurements

Blueprint Reading

Blueprints: The Universal Lanaguage

Units of Measurement

Alphabet of Lines

Dimension and Shop Notes

Machine Drawings

Sheet Metal Drawings

Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings

Welding Blueprints and Symbols

Electrical Drawings

Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Drawings

Schematics and Symbols

Electrical Schematics

General Piping Systems and System Schematics

Hydraulic and Pneumatic System Schematic Symbols

Advanced Wastewater Treatment

Chemical Treatment

Microscreening

Filtration

Biological Nitrification

Carbon Adsorption

Land Application

Biological Nutrient Removal

Enhanced Biological Nutrient Removal

Advanced Wastewater Calculations

Wastewater Collection and Preliminary Treatment

Sedimentation

Trickling Filters

Rotating Biological Contactors

Activated Sludge

Waste Treatment Ponds

Chemical Dosage

Sludge Production and Thickening

Digestion

Sludge Dewatering

Comprehensive Practice Exam

Appendix A Answers to Chapter Review Questions

Appendix B Formulae

Name: Spellman's Standard Handbook for Wastewater Operators, Second Edition (3 Volume Set) (Paperback)CRC Press 
Description: By Frank R. Spellman. Hailed on first publication as a straightforward, practical, and to-the-point account of wastewater principles, practices, and operations for general readers, students, and wastewater operators in training and for all levels of operators at any level of...
Categories: Water Engineering, Environmental Studies