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Environmental Impact Assessment

A Guide to Best Professional Practices

By Charles H. Eccleston

CRC Press – 2011 – 290 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $129.95
    978-1-43-982873-1
    March 2nd 2011

Description

Under the best of circumstances, preparing an environmental impact assessment (EIA) can be a complex and challenging task. Experience indicates that the scope and quality of such analyses varies widely throughout the U.S. as well as internationally. Written to help practitioners and decision-makers apply best professional practices in the development of EIAs, Environmental Impact Assessment: A Guide to Best Professional Practices provides an in depth, yet practical direction for developing a defensible analysis that meets best professional practices.

The book describes preparation of five distinct types of assessments:

  • Cumulative Impact Assessment (CIA)
  • Preparing Greenhouse Emission Assessments
  • Preparing Risk Assessments and Accident Analyses
  • Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Environmental Justice
  • The International Environmental Impact Assessment Process Guiding Principles

To date, there is significant variation and disagreement about how such analyses should be prepared. The author introduces best professional practices (BPP) for preparing such EIAs that is intended to meet decision-making and regulatory expectations. He supplies a comprehensive and balanced skill set of tools, techniques, concepts, principles, and practices for preparing these assessments. He also includes directions for developing a comprehensive Environmental Management Systems which can be used to monitor and implement final decisions for such analyses. While the book references the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), most of this guidance is generally applicable to any international EIA process consistent with NEPA.

With thorough coverage of all aspects of assessments, the book presents a theoretical introduction to the subject as well as practical guidance. It delivers state-of-the-art tools, techniques, and approaches for resolving EIA problems.

Contents

Cumulative impact assessment

Definition of cumulative impact

Types of cumulative impacts

The scale problem: defining spatial and temporal boundaries

Determining the scoping of actions to evaluate

A five-step procedure for accessing cumulative impacts

Managing and performing a cumulative impact analysis

Resolving Eccleston’s cumulative impact paradox

Preparing NEPA programmatic analyses and tiering

Litigation and judicial review

Endnotes

Preparing greenhouse emission assessments: A synopsis of guidance and best professional practices

Brief summary of the science behind greenhouse warming

Summary of key NEPA court decisions involving climate change

Regulatory direction on considering greenhouse emissions

NEPA and GHG impacts considerations

Criteria useful in determining the need to evaluate

Best professional practices for performing GHG assessments

Method for evaluating climate change impacts

Considering cumulative GHG impacts

The cumulative impact paradox

Comparative summary of the SDP process

Summary

Endnotes

Preparing risk assessments and accident analyses

Definitions of risk

Risk assessment

Risk in decision making

Risk communications

Accident analyses

Endnotes

Social impact assessment and environmental justice

Defining SIA

Problems, authority, and conflicts in SIA

Preparing the SIA

Environmental justice

Summary

Endnotes

The international environmental impact assessment process

Comparison of NEPA with other EIA processes

Programmatic and strategic

Guidance for preparing programmatic NEPA assessments

Problems and limitations

Endnotes

Environmental management systems

The ISO 14000 standards

The environmental management system

The complementary benefits of integrating sustainability with a consolidated EIA/EMS

Constructing an integrated EIA/EMS/sustainable development process

Summary

Endnotes

Acronym List

Index

Name: Environmental Impact Assessment: A Guide to Best Professional Practices (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Charles H. Eccleston. Under the best of circumstances, preparing an environmental impact assessment (EIA) can be a complex and challenging task. Experience indicates that the scope and quality of such analyses varies widely throughout the U.S. as well as internationally...
Categories: Environmental & Ecological Toxicology, Environmental Law - Environmental Studies, Natural Hazards & Risk