Introduction to Emergency Management
CRC Press – 2011 – 517 pages
The ultimate goal of every emergency management professional is to help citizens and communities prepare for natural, technological, or terrorist threats in order to mitigate damage and save lives. Providing an insider’s glimpse into this rewarding career, Introduction to Emergency Management engages readers in real-life case studies, integrating scientific findings with practitioner viewpoints to reveal the challenge of a field in service of communities and people at risk from disasters.
An overview of the field
Beginning with a history of emergency management, the book defines core concepts to help readers understand the field, explore the relevance and types of disaster research, and examine trends behind disasters and new and emerging hazards. From there, it goes on to outline various career tracks within emergency management with a focus on core competencies, ethical practice standards, certification issues, and the responsibilities of the emergency manager. Boxed features written by graduates of emergency management programs and expert practitioners from around the world provide real world insights.
All stages of emergency management
The book discusses in detail the various phases of the disaster cycle—including preparedness and planning, the response phase, short- and long-term recovery, and structural and non-structural mitigation. Core chapters conclude with guidance on working and volunteering in each of these phases. Final chapters explore the role of public and private sector partnerships and non-governmental organizations in emergency management. A concluding chapter offers guidance to students seeking careers and further study in the field.
Case studies and learning tools
Throughout the book, contributors from around the world offer their insight and experience on a host of disasters. Each chapter begins with learning objectives and includes discussion questions, references, and additional resources at the end of each chapter.
The writing team combines its collective experience of teaching and research in the field to offer classroom-tested content. Brenda D. Phillips has conducted research on disasters, specializing in social vulnerability, since 1982. David M. Neal, who has organized classes on the subject since 1979, brings the most extensive teaching experience on the topic to any existing text. Gary R. Webb, a well known disaster sociologist specializing in organizational response, has been involved in the field since 1994. Their collective years of experience bring authoritative expertise to this volume.
History and Current Status of Emergency Management
Evolution of Emergency Management in the United States
Native American Tribes
Other Public Sector Involvement in Emergency Management
Private Sector Activities
Voluntary Sector Activities
International Humanitarian Sector
Key Concepts, Definitions, and Perspectives
National Governors’ Association Report
Hazards, Disasters, and Risk
Research Methods and the Practice of Emergency Management
Brief History of Disaster Research
Disaster Research as a Multidisciplinary Field
Types of Research
Research Methods and the Phases of Disaster
Ethics and Challenges of Disaster Research
New and Emerging Disasters and Hazards
New and Emerging Hazards
Becoming an Emergency Management Professional
Practice Standards and Ethics
Emergency Management Organizations and Agencies
Seasonal Life of the Emergency Manager
Working in Emergency Management
Practicing Emergency Management
Emergency Manager Certification
Levels of Preparedness
Factors Influencing Levels of Preparedness
Preparedness Initiatives at State, National, and International Levels
Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis
Working and Volunteering in Preparedness
Planning as a Process
Types of Planning
Working and Volunteering in Planning
Getting Started: Definitions and Activities
Disaster Response: Myths and Realities
Disaster Response in an International Context
Disaster Response and Principles of Effective Emergency
Working and Volunteering in Response
Community-Based Recovery Planning
Basic Recovery Planning
Working and Volunteering in Recovery
Working or Volunteering in Mitigation
Public and Private Sector Partnerships
Enhancing Public and Private Sector Relationships
Working and Volunteering in Public and Private Sectors
International Humanitarian Relief
Working and Volunteering in a Non-Governmental Organization
The Next Generation of Emergency Managers
Professional Emergency Managers
Diversifying the Field of Emergency Management
Knowledge Transfer and Professional Development
Degrees, Education and Knowledge
Where Will the Jobs Be?
Brenda Phillips, Ph.D., is the Associate Dean and Full Professor of Sociology at Ohio University-Chillicothe. She is the author of Mennonite Disaster Service and an editor on Social Vulnerability to Disasters (CRC Press). In 2013, she was inducted into the International Network of Women in Emergency Management’s Hall of Fame. In 2012, she received the Blanchard Award for Excellence in Emergency Management Education. Professor Phillips has conducted research on disaster recovery since 1982, beginning as a student of E.L. Quarantelli at The Ohio State University’s Disaster Research Center. Her published research can be found in a variety of journals including the International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, Disaster Prevention, Disasters, Humanity and Society, the Journal of Emergency Management, Natural Hazards Review, and Environmental Hazards. She has been funded multiple times by the National Science Foundation to study disasters and vulnerable populations. Dr. Phillips has been invited to teach, consult or lecture in New Zealand, Australia, Germany, India, Costa Rica, Mexico, Canada, and the People’s Republic of China. She is a graduate of Bluffton University (Ohio) and The Ohio State University.Dave Neal, Ph.D. has studied a wide range of tornadoes, floods, hurricanes, and earthquakes throughout the United States, and also in Sweden and India. His research has been supported by numerous organizations, including FEMA, NASA, the National Science Foundation, the American National Red Cross, and others. He has published articles on disasters and on developing degree programs in disaster management and has served as a consultant for universities starting degree programs in disaster management.
Gary Webb, Ph.D. has conducted extensive research on preparedness and response in the United States and abroad. His research has been supported by various agencies and it has appeared in a variety of professional journals, including the International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, International Journal of Emergency Management, Environmental Hazards, Natural Hazards Review, Rural Sociology, and Sociological Focus. He has been invited to teach or present his research to international audiences in Denmark, France, South Korea, The Netherlands, and Turkey.