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The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition

By James G. Speight

CRC Press – 2013 – 845 pages

Series: Chemical Industries

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $174.95
    978-1-43-983646-0
    September 3rd 2012

Description

The demand for coal use (for electricity generation) and coal products, particularly liquid fuels and chemical feedstocks, is increasing throughout the world. Traditional markets such as North America and Europe are experiencing a steady increase in demand whereas emerging Asian markets, such as India and China, are witnessing a rapid surge in demand for clean liquid fuels.

A detailed and comprehensive overview of the chemistry and technology of coal in the twenty-first century, The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition also covers the relationship of coal industry processes with environmental regulations as well as the effects of combustion products on the atmosphere.

Maintaining and enhancing the clarity of presentation that made the previous editions so popular, this book:

  • Examines the effects of combustion products on the atmosphere
  • Details practical elements of coal evaluation procedures
  • Clarifies misconceptions concerning the organic structure of coal
  • Discusses the physical, thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties of coal
  • Analyzes the development and current status of combustion and gasification techniques

In addition to two new chapters, Coal Use and the Environment and Coal and Energy Security, much of the material in this edition been rewritten to incorporate the latest developments in the coal industry. Citations from review articles, patents, other books, and technical articles with substantial introductory material are incorporated into the text for further reference.

The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition maintains its initial premise: to introduce the science of coal, beginning with its formation in the ground to the production of a wide variety of products and petrochemical intermediates in the twenty-first century. The book will prove useful for scientists and engineers already engaged in the coal and/or catalyst manufacturing industry looking for a general overview or update on the clean coal technology as well as professional researchers and students in chemistry and engineering.

Contents

Part I Character and Properties

Occurrence and Resources

Introduction

History

Rock Environment

Seam Structure

Reserves

Resources

References

Classification

Introduction

Classification Systems

Correlation of the Various Systems

Epilogue

References

An Organic Sediment

Introduction

Precursors of Coal

Coal-Forming Processes

Heteroatoms in Coal

Epilogue

References

An Organic Rock

Introduction

Physical Structure

Petrology

Petrography

Petrology, Petrography, and Behavior

References

Recovery

Introduction

Exploratory Drilling Equipment and Techniques

Mining

References

Preparation, Transportation, and Storage

Introduction

Coal Preparation

Size Reduction

Coal Cleaning

Coal Drying

Desulfurization

Coal Sampling

Transportation

Storage

References

Mineral Matter

Introduction

Origin of Mineral Matter in Coal

Occurrence

Mineral Types

Classification

Evaluation of Mineral Matter

Chemistry of Ash Formation

Effect of Mineral Matter in Coal

References

Coal Analysis

Introduction

Sampling

Proximate Analysis

Ultimate Analysis (Elemental Analysis)

Calorific Value

Reporting Coal Analyses

Precision and Accuracy

Interrelationships of Analytical and Physical Data

References

Coal Properties

Introduction

Physical Properties

Mechanical Properties

Thermal Properties

Electrical Properties

Epilogue

References

Organic Constituents

Introduction

Solvent Extraction

Chemical Methods

Spectroscopic Methods

Physical Property Methods

Heteroatoms

Molecular Weight

Assessment of Coal Structure

References

Solvent Extraction

Introduction

Physicochemical Concepts

Action of Specific Solvents

Composition of the Extracts

Solvolysis

Solvent Swelling of Coal

Epilogue

References

Chemical Reactivity

Introduction

Reactions with Oxygen (or Air)

Reactions with Oxidants

Bacterial Oxidation of Coal

Hydrogenation

Halogenation

Alkylation

Depolymerization

Hydrolysis

Miscellaneous Reactions

References

Thermal Reactivity

Introduction

Thermal Decomposition Processes

Physicochemical Aspects

Thermal Decomposition Products

References

Part II Technology and Utilization

Combustion

Introduction

Chemistry and Physics

Combustion Systems

Coal–Liquid Mixtures

Coal Combustion Products

References

Electric Power Generation

Introduction

Electricity from Coal

Steam Generation

Power Plant Waste

Coal–Water Fuels

Air Pollution Control Devices

Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies

References

Carbonization

Introduction

Physicochemical Aspects

Process Concepts

Coal Tar

Coke

Charcoal

References

Briquetting and Pelletizing

Introduction

General Concepts

Briquetting Technology

Charcoal Briquettes

Bio-Briquettes

Briquette Properties

Processes

Pelletizing

References

Liquefaction

Introduction

Physicochemical Aspects

Process Classification

Reactors

Products

References

Liquefaction Processes

Introduction

Pyrolysis Processes

Solvent Extraction Processes

Catalytic Liquefaction Processes

Indirect Liquefaction Processes

Coal Liquids Refinery

References

Gasification

Introduction

Gaseous Products

Physicochemical Aspects

Process Types and Reactors

Gasification of Coal with Biomass and Waste

Underground Gasification

Environmental Aspects

References

Gasification Processes

Introduction

Fixed-Bed Processes

Fluidized-Bed Processes

Entrained-Bed Processes

Molten Salt Processes

Underground Gasification

References

Clean Coal Technologies

Introduction

Historical Perspectives

Modern Perspectives

Clean Coal Technology

Managing Wastes from Coal Use

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Sequestration

References

Gas Cleaning

Introduction

Environmental Legislation

General Aspects

Particulate Matter Removal

Acid Gas Removal

Removal of Sulfur-Containing Gases

Removal of Nitrogen-Containing Gases

References

Chemicals from Coal

Historical Aspects

Coal Tar Chemicals

Fischer–Tropsch Chemicals

Chemicals from Methane

References

Environmental Aspects of Coal Use

Introduction

Production

Preparation

Transportation and Storage

Combustion

Carbonization

Liquefaction

Gasification

Clean Coal Technologies

References

Coal and Energy Security

Introduction

Energy Security

National Energy Plan and Coal Utilization

Electric Power Generation

Hydrogen from Coal

Energy Security and Sustainable Development

References

Glossary

Index

Author Bio

Dr. James G. Speight is a senior fuel and environmental consultant with more than 45 years of experience in thermal/process chemistry, thermodynamics, refining of petroleum, heavy oil, and tar sand bitumen, and physics of crude with emphasis on distillation, visbreaking, coking units, and oil-rock or oil catalyst interactions. He earned B.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Manchester, England. He is the author of more than 45 books in petroleum science, petroleum engineering, and environmental sciences and has considerable expertise in evaluating new technologies for patentability and commercial application.

Although his career was focused predominantly in the commercial world, Dr. Speight has served as Adjunct Professor in the Department of Chemical and Fuels Engineering at the University of Utah and in the Departments of Chemistry and Chemical and Petroleum Engineering at the University of Wyoming. In addition he was a Visiting Professor in Chemical Engineering at the following universities: the University of Missouri-Columbia, the Technical University of Denmark, and the University of Trinidad and Tobago.

He is recognized internationally as an expert in the characterization, properties, and processing of conventional and synthetic fuels and as a chemist with more than Speight is currently Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Petroleum Science and Technology (Taylor & Francis Publishers), Energy Sources-Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects (Taylor & Francis Publishers), Energy Sources-Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy (Taylor & Francis Publishers), and Journal of Sustainable Energy Engineering (Scrivener publishing).

As a result of his work, he was awarded the Diploma of Honor, National Petroleum Engineering Society, for outstanding contributions to the petroleum industry in 1995 and the Gold Medal of Russian Academy of Sciences (Natural) for outstanding work in the area of petroleum science in 1996. He has also received the Specialist Invitation Program Speakers Award from NEDO (New Energy Development Organization, Government of Japan) in 1987 and again in 1996 for his contributions to coal research. In 2001, he was also awarded the Einstein Medal of the Russian Academy of Sciences in recognition of outstanding contributions and service in the field of geologic sciences. In 2005 he has been awarded the Gold Medal-Scientists without Frontiers, Russian Academy of Sciences in recognition of continuous encouragement of scientists to work together across international borders. More recently (2012) he was awarded a Doctorate in Petroleum Engineering from Dubna University (Moscow, Russia) for his outstanding contributions in the field of petroleum engineering.

Name: The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By James G. Speight. The demand for coal use (for electricity generation) and coal products, particularly liquid fuels and chemical feedstocks, is increasing throughout the world. Traditional markets such as North America and Europe are experiencing a steady increase in...
Categories: Mining, Mineral & Petroleum Engineering, Energy & Fuels, Renewable Energy