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Global Environmental Policy

Concepts, Principles, and Practice

By Charles H. Eccleston, Frederic March

CRC Press – 2010 – 460 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $115.95
    978-1-43-984766-4
    November 15th 2010

Description

Environmental policy is often practiced reactively with each crisis addressed as an isolated event. Focusing on development of proactive policies, Global Environment Policy: Concepts, Principles, and Practice provides the essential scientific and socioeconomic framework for formulating pragmatic and comprehensive environmental policies. It discusses topics of interest to American and international audiences.

Beginning with basic concepts, the book proceeds successively on to more advanced principles, theories, and practices for developing and implementing comprehensive environmental policy solutions. Topics are introduced in a logical, yet connected, user-friendly manner. Using practical case studies and examples, the book illustrates both the power and limitations of theoretical approaches. It defines the scope and nature of the environmental policy problem, outlining its origins and evolution, and introduces the policy frameworks of the United Nations, European Union, and the United States.

Each chapter begins with a case study and ends with a problem set; the questions are designed to elicit practical and critical thinking. The book ends with two capstone problems that exemplify nearly every major topic and aspect presented in this book. Upon completion, students should possess the competency required to examine a real world problem, evaluate it in terms of the concepts, principles, and tools described throughout the book, and develop a practical policy solution for resolving that problem.

Reviews

"… a fine reference work and a good read for anyone concerned about protection and management of, or just living in, the environment. … [a book] which I know I will turn to often for information and inspiration, and I am happy to recommend it to anyone in environmental practice, policy making, or coursework design in this field."

Environmental Practice, Volume 15, March 2013, pp 90-90

"[the authors] offer the reader a balanced skill-set, including concepts, principles, and practices for developing and implementing more effective and proactive environmental policy responses to the Earth’s burgeoning environmental problems … introduces the reader, in a concrete yet instructive way, to the major ethical, philosophical and economic principle theories underlying the current environmental debate."

—Patricia Romero Lankao Ph.D., Deputy Director at the Institute for the Study of Society and Environment at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder CO. Previously Tenured Professor in Mexico-City, Mexico

"… Eccleston and March bring a reasoned perspective to the world’s most prominent environmental issues … [the book] celebrates how far we have come in our relationship with the natural world while at the same time bringing forth the immediacy of our global circumstances."

—Ron Deverman, President, National Association of Environmental Professionals (NAEP)

"… Anyone who needs to hit the ground running in the practice of environmental policy needs to read this book"

—Tim Cohen, is a "Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff," U.S. Sandia National Laboratories

"… offer readers a balanced skill set of concepts, principles, and "tools" for developing and implementing environmental policy solutions before they fester into full-blown crises."

—NAEP National E-News March–April 2012

Contents

Introduction to Global Environmental Concepts and Principles

The Historical Context of the Environmental Movement

Case study

Learning Objectives

Origins of the Environmental Movement

Historical Development of National Environmental Policy Act

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Concepts and Principles Underlying Environmental Policy

Case Study

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Part 1: Challenges to the Global Environment

The Tragedy of the Commons

Limits to Growth

The Gaia Principle

Part 2: Challenges to Environmental Policy

Interdependence of Environmental and Energy Policies

Pollution and Its Environmental Impacts

Part 3: Additional Policy Principles and Practices

Selected Principles of International Policy and Law

Policy Formulation Process and Its Promulgation

Methodology Aspects of Policy Formulation

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Class Project

Notes

Sustainability and Environmental Policy

Case Study

Coal Saves the Industrial Revolution

Learning Objectives

Definitions of Sustainability

Impact, Population, Affluence, and Technology Equation

The United Nations’ Sustainability Policy: Agenda 21

Common Principles of Sustainability

Theory of Sustainable Population Growth

Measuring Sustainable Development

Ecological Modernization

Applications of the Sustainable Resource Development Principle

Examples of a Sustainable Energy Policy

Conclusion

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Environmental Policy Treaties and Their Implementation

Case Study

Learning Objectives

The Framework for International Environmental Treaties and Programs

Agenda 21: Principles of Global Environmental Policies

International Law as Environmental Policy Instrument

Major Environmental Treaties

Agenda 21: Strategic Implementation Program

Programs that Implement Global Environmental Strategy

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Sustainability, Environmental Impact Assessment, and Decision Making

Environmental Impact Assessment

Case Study

Learning Objectives

How the National Environmental Policy Act’s Environmental Impact Assessment Process has Influenced International Ppolicy

Status of Environmental Impact Assessment Legislation

The Typical Environmental Impact Assessment Process

Programmatic and Strategic Environmental Assessments

Challenges and Limitations

Mathematical Modeling

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Environmental Decision-Making Theory and Practice

Case Study

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Biases and Mindsets

Public Opinion and Risk Communications

Policy and Decision-Making Tools

Environmental Decision Making and Choices

Cognitive Dissonance and Effort Justification

Groupthink

The Power and Limits of Collective Intelligence

Uncertainty in Decision Making

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Environmental Management Systems

Case Study

Learning Objectives

International Organization for Standardization

The ISO 14000 Series of Standards

The ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Process

ISO 14001 Certification Versus Self-Declaration

The Complementary Benefits of Integrating Sustainability with a Consolidated NEPA/ISO 14001 EMS

Developing an Integrated EIA/EMS/Sustainable Development Process

Summary

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Environmental Ethics and Economics

Environmental Ethics

Case Study

Learning Objectives

Can, May, and Should We?

Judeo-Christian Ethics and Ecology

The Sustainability Movement

The Ethical Dimensions of Coping

Policy Options for Reducing the Environmental Footprint

Problems

Notes

Environmental Economics

Case Study

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Elementary Economic Marketplace and Investment Theory

Externalities

Cost-Benefit Analysis

Economic Principles Important to Environmental Policy

Environmental-Economic Metrics and Effects

Non-Market-Based Policies for Environmental Management

Market Policies for Environmental Management

An Interim Energy Policy?

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Critical Global Environmental Issues

The Coming Water Wars

Case Study

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Is the Glass Half full or Half Empty?

It is Bad, and About to Get Much Worse

Wars and Rumors of War

Can We Feed Ourselves?

The Water Runs Dirty

Dammed If They Do!

Will Technology Come to the Rescue?

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Class Problem

Notes

Peak Oil, Alternatives, and Energy Policy: The Looming World Oil Crisis

Case Study

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Hubbert’s Prediction

Growing Oil Consumption and Lowering of Exports by Producers

Peak Oil Policy Implications

Concluding Thoughts

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Class Project

Notes

Peak Food or Peak Everything: An Era of Bounty or Begging?

Case study: The Dirty Thirties

Learning Objectives

Introduction

The Global Grocery Store

The Green Revolution

“Peak everything"?

The Bottom Billion

Food Policy Perspectives

Concluding Thoughts

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Global Climate Change

Case Study

Learning Objectives

Introduction: The Nature of the Problem

Global Warming Causal Factors and Research

Current and Future Impacts of Global Warming

Reducing Greenhouse Emissions

Global Climate Policy

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

The Global Population Paradox: A Population Explosion or Implosion?

Case study: St. Matthew Island

Learning Objectives

The Scientific Basis for Population Growth

The Nature of the Population Problem

Population and the Environment

The Scope of Global Population Policy

The Population Paradox: A Simmering Socioeconomic Crisis?

Discussions, Problems, and Exercises

Notes

Epilogue: Acting Locally—The Six Degrees of Separation

Capstone Problems

Capstone problem 1: Economic and Environmental Development

Capstone problem 2: The Global Policy Problem

Notes

Index

Author Bio

Charles H. Eccleston, CEP has over 20 years experience in developing environmental and energy-related policies and analyses. He prepares Environmental Impact Statements to evaluate impacts of projects and policies.

Name: Global Environmental Policy: Concepts, Principles, and Practice (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Charles H. Eccleston, Frederic March. Environmental policy is often practiced reactively with each crisis addressed as an isolated event. Focusing on development of proactive policies, Global Environment Policy: Concepts, Principles, and Practice provides the essential scientific and...
Categories: Natural Hazards & Risk, Environmental Law - Environmental Studies