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Public Health Entomology

By Jerome Goddard

CRC Press – 2012 – 230 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $99.95
    978-1-43-984881-4
    September 12th 2012

Description

In the struggle against vector-borne diseases, it is critical that we bridge the gap between vector control workers on the ground (practitioners) and public health planners and administrators. Limited guidance is available from the Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization, but reference books are scarce. Public Health Entomology comprehensively examines vector-borne disease prevention, surveillance, and control from a governmental and public health perspective with worldwide application.

Divided into two sections, the book begins with a historical account of the early beginnings of pest control and public health. Next, it outlines the concepts, design, and implementation of a sound public health entomology program. The second section provides an overview of some of the most common public health pests that are found globally. Copious photos and line drawings accentuate the text, along with textboxes and sidebars.

Author Jerome Goddard designed and implemented the vector control program along the Mississippi Gulf Coast after Hurricane Katrina. His ability to communicate his knowledge and experience to public health professionals and the general public make this book an essential resource for preventing disease from these vector-borne threats.

Reviews

A reference text on public health entomology is long overdue. … Jerome Goddard’s experience and talent make him perfectly suited to write [this] book. … Infectious diseases, including those that are vector-borne, are here to stay. International travel, climate change, military activity in remote and tropical parts of the world, and even spreading suburbs will likely lead to an increase in their incidence and distribution in temperate zones. Public health officials must be ready to meet these new challenges. This text should go a long way in helping health officials prepare for and respond to these future threats.

—Mary Currier, MD, MPH, State Health Officer, Mississippi Department of Health, from the Foreword

Contents

ESSENTIALS OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENTOMOLOGY

History of Medical Entomology and Public Health

Introduction and Background

Medical Entomology versus Public Health Entomology

Historical Aspects of Medical Entomology

Malaria in Mississippi as an Example of Historic Public Health Entomology

Regional Differences/Patterns of Outbreaks

Factors Contributing to Malaria in Mississippi

Pesticides and Entomologists in the Fight against Malaria In Mississippi

Early Beginnings of Public Health

Public Health in General

The Ten Essential Public Health Services

Public Health Administration

Health Laws and Regulations

Prosecution Issues

Pest Control in Modern Public Health

The Role of Pesticides in Public Health

Pesticide Laws and Registration

History and Current Status of Pesticides

Lack of Pesticides: A Cause for Future Concern

Setting Up a Public Health Entomology Program

Structure, Organization, and Classification Issues

Clarification of the Public Health Entomologist’s Role

Private versus Public Pest Problems

Duties of the Public Health Entomologist

Providing Entomology Training

Medical Student and Laboratory Technician Training

Sanitarian or Environmental Health Specialist Training

Vector-Borne Disease Surveillance

Overview of Surveillance Types

Sentinel Birds

Wild Bird Surveillance

Surveillance Using Nonhuman Mammals

Human Case Surveillance

Mosquito Surveillance

The Purpose and Practice of Mosquito Surveillance

Mosquito Surveillance Networks

Mosquito Egg Surveys

Larval Surveys

Adult Surveys

Landing Counts

Daytime Resting Stations

Light Traps

Oviposition or Gravid Traps

Preserving Adult Mosquitoes

Habitat Mapping and Record Keeping

Regulatory and political challenges

Helper versus Enforcer

Pests and Nuisances

Enabling Legislation

When Politics Interferes with Public Health

Antivaccination and Antipesticide Fears

Using Politics to Avoid Enforcement

Public Health Entomology Preparedness

Disease Emergence

Prevention of Human Risks Associated with Travel and Arthropod Contact

Disaster Vector Control

Pests Involved

Pest Control Options

Military Aerial Spraying Capability

How the Military Spray System Works

The Air Force Response to Hurricane Katrina

The Mississippi Department of Health Katrina Experience

Operational Research Opportunities in Public Health Entomology

Background and Purpose of Research in Public Health Entomology

Types of Research

Funding Sources and Examples of State Labs

Collaborative Research

Where to Go for Help

State or Local Health Departments

Universities

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The World Health Organization

SOME OF THE PRIMARY PESTS AND CONDITIONS OF PUBLIC HEALTH IMPORTANCE

Mosquitoes

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Ticks

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Fleas

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Lice

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Sand Flies

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Tsetse Flies

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Black Flies

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Bed Bugs

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Kissing Bugs

Importance and Physical Description

Distribution

Impact on Human Health

Mites

Importance and Physical Description

Chiggers

Other Biting Mites

House Dust Mites

Distribution

Chiggers

Other Biting Mites

House Dust Mites

Impact on Human Health

Chiggers

Other Biting Mites

House Dust Mites

Pests Involved in Mechanical Disease Transmission

Background and Medical Significance

Filth Flies

Rodents

Cockroaches

Prevention, Treatment, and Control

Arthropod Bites or Stings

Introduction and Medical Significance

Pathogenesis

Bite Apparatus

Sting Apparatus

Direct Damage to Tissue

Infectious Complications

Clues to Recognizing Insect Bites or Stings

Differential Diagnosis

Conclusions

Fly Larvae in Humans (Myiasis)

Introduction and Medical Significance

Accidental Myiasis

Facultative Myiasis

Obligate Myiasis

Contributing Factors

Accidental Myiasis

Facultative Myiasis

Obligate Myiasis

Myiasis in Clinical Practice

Differential Diagnosis

Prevention, Treatment, and Control

INDEX

Author Bio

Jerome Goddard is an associate extension professor of medical and veterinary entomology at Mississippi State University, where he conducts research on a wide variety of medically important pests. In addition to his extension duties, Dr. Goddard also teaches courses in medical entomology and forensic entomology. Prior to coming to MSU, Dr. Goddard was the state medical entomologist at the Mississippi Department of Health for 20 years, where he developed and implemented all vector control projects throughout the state of Mississippi.

Name: Public Health Entomology (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Jerome Goddard. In the struggle against vector-borne diseases, it is critical that we bridge the gap between vector control workers on the ground (practitioners) and public health planners and administrators. Limited guidance is available from the Centers for Disease...
Categories: Entomology, Infectious Diseases, Animal Physiology