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Fundamentals of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering

By Uttam Ray Chaudhuri

CRC Press – 2011 – 411 pages

Series: Chemical Industries

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $149.95
    978-1-43-985160-9
    December 13th 2010

Description

The supply of petroleum continues to dwindle at an alarming rate, yet it is the source of a range of products — from gasoline and diesel to plastic, rubber, and synthetic fiber. Critical to the future of this commodity is that we learn to use it more judiciously and efficiently. Fundamentals of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering provides a holistic understanding of petroleum and petrochemical products manufacturing, presented in a step-by-step sequence of the entire supply chain.

Filled with crucial information relevant to a range of applications, the book covers topics such as:

  • The essential preliminaries for the exploration and production of crude petroleum oil and gas
  • Analysis of crude oil and its petroleum products
  • The processing of petroleum in refineries
  • The fundamentals of lubricating oil and grease
  • Petrochemicals — their raw materials and end products, and manufacturing principles of industrially important products
  • Theories and problems of unit operations and the processes involved in refineries and petrochemical plants
  • Automatic operations in plants
  • Start up, shutdown, maintenance, fire, and safety operations
  • Commercial and managerial activities necessary for the ultimate success of a refining or manufacturing business

Due to the advancement of technology, new petrochemicals are being invented and will continue to be relevant to the petroleum industry in the near future. Those entering the industry need a firm grasp of the basics as the field continues to open up new avenues of possibility, while at the same time being cognizant of the challenges that exist through the heightened focus on sustainable energy.

Contents

Crude Petroleum Oil

Composition of Crude Oil

Physical Properties of Crude Oil

Origin of Hydrocarbons

Exploration Techniques

Resource Estimation

Oil Field Development

Well Logging

Oil Production Processes

Crude Conditioning and Storage

Transportation and Metering of Crude Oil

Gas Hydrates

Coal Bed Methane

Questions

Petroleum Products and Test Methods

Crude Oil Analysis

Domestic Fuels

Automotive Fuels

Aviation Fuels

Furnace Fuels

Lubricating Oils

Miscellaneous Products

Questions

Processing Operations in a Petroleum Refinery

Crude Oil Receiving

Desalting of Crude Oil

Distillation and Stripping

Stabilisation

Amine Absorption

De-Ethaniser

Meroxing and Caustic Wash

Liquified Petroleum Gas Splitter

Naphtha Redistillation

Naphtha Pretreatment (Nhds)

Naphtha Platinum Reforming (Platforming)

Kerosene Hydrodesulfurisation

Diesel Hydrodesulfurisation

Vacuum Distillation

Solvent Extraction

Propane Deasphalting

Solvent Dewaxing

Hydrofinishing

Catalytic Processes for Lube Oil Base Stock Manufacture

Hydrocracking

Mild Hydrocracking

Hydrogen Generation

Fluid Catalytic Cracking

Bitumen Blowing

Vis-Breaking

Coking

Questions

Lubricating Oil and Grease

Components of Finished Lubricating Oils

Automotive Oils

Industrial Lubricants

Aviation Lubricants

Marine Lubricants

Greases

Lube Blending and Grease Manufacture

Environmental Impact of Lubricants

Reclamation of Used Lubricants

Power Consumption in a Blending Tank

Questions

Petrochemicals

Defintions of Petrochemicals

Naphtha Cracking

Conversion Processes for Selected Petrochemicals

Petrochemical Complex

Processing of Plastic, Rubber, and Fibre

Questions

Off Sites, Power, and Utilities

Layout of Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants

Processing Units

Offsite Facilities

Power and Steam Generating Plant

Cooling Tower

Water Conditioning Plant

Questions

Material and Energy Balances

Measurement of Quantity of Crude Oil and Products

Measurement of Gases in Closed Vessels

Material Balance in a Plant

Energy Balance in a Plant

Questions

Heat Exchangers and Pipe-Still Furnaces

Heat Exchangers

Theory of Heat Exchange

Fouling

Plate Type Heat Exchanger

Extended Surface Exchanger

Scraped Surface Exchanger

Heat Exchanger Train

Pipe-Still Furnace

Pipe-Still Furnace Elements

Operation of a Furnace

Draught in a Furnace

Furnace Design by Wilson, Lobo, and Hottel Method

Questions

Distillation and Stripping

Processes of Distillation and Stripping

Batch Distillation

Boiling Point and Equilibrium Diagrams

Theory of Distillation

Continuous Distillation

Mccabe-Thiele Method

Enthalpy Balance Method

Gap and Overlap

Packie’s Correlation

Question

Extraction

Extraction Principle

Extraction Process

Definition of Terms Related to Extraction

Phase Equilibrium in the Extraction Process

Batch Extraction

Continuous Extraction

Questions

Reactor Calculations

Reactors in Refineries and Petrochemical Plants

Reaction Stoichiometry, Mechanism, and Pathways

Rate of Reaction and Kinetic Equations

Batch, Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor, and Plug Flow Reactor Concepts

Naphtha Reformer Calculations

Calculations for a Fluidised Catalytic Cracking Reactor

Elements of Pipeline Transfer Facilities

Pipes and Tubes

Fittings and Supports

Crude Oil Transfer Lines

Product Transfer Lines

Gas Transfer Lines

Pumps and Compressors

Power Calculations for Pumping and Compression

Instrumentation and Control in a Refinery

Control Hardware

Control Loops

The Process Piping and Instrumentation Diagram

Control Software

Distributed Control System

The Control Room

Crude Throughput Control

Desalter Control

Atmospheric Distillation Column Control

Vacuum Distillation Control

Reformer Unit Control

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit Control

Fail-Safe Devices

Standard Signals in Process Control

Miscellaneous

Startup

Shutdown

Maintenance of Plant and Equipments

Fire and Explosion

Factories Act

Safety Analysis

Plant Management and Economics

Cost of Equipment

Cost of a Plant

Operating Cost

Product Cost

Profit and Product Price

Taxes and Duties

Breakeven Point, Payout Period, and Rate of Return

Linear Programming

Material Audit

Energy Audit

Appendix

Subject Index

Author Bio

Uttam Ray Chaudhuri is an associate professor in the Department of Chemical Technology, University of Calcutta. He holds a Doctoral Degree in Chemical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India. He received his graduate and postgraduate degrees in chemical engineering from Jadavpur University. With 30 years experience in industry, research, and teaching in the field of chemical engineering and technology, he has a number of research publications in foreign and Indian journals to his credit. Professor Chaudhuri has also served as a chemical engineer in the Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. in the refineries and pipe line division.

Name: Fundamentals of Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Uttam Ray Chaudhuri. The supply of petroleum continues to dwindle at an alarming rate, yet it is the source of a range of products — from gasoline and diesel to plastic, rubber, and synthetic fiber. Critical to the future of this commodity is that we learn to use...
Categories: Industrial Chemistry, Energy & Fuels