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Terrorism and Organized Hate Crime

Intelligence Gathering, Analysis and Investigations, Third Edition

By Michael R. Ronczkowski

CRC Press – 2011 – 417 pages

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    978-1-43-986759-4
    September 20th 2011

Description

The ability of law enforcement agencies to manage intelligence is key to fighting the war on terror, and a critical foundation of intelligence-led policing is proper analysis of the information gained. Terrorism and Organized Hate Crime: Intelligence Gathering, Analysis, and Investigations, Third Edition provides a methodical approach to analyzing homeland security needs, enabling the law enforcement community to understand the vital role it plays in the war on terrorism.

Using techniques applicable to the private and the public sector, the book combines academic, research, and practitioner perspectives to establish a protocol for effectively gathering, analyzing, investigating, and disseminating criminal intelligence. The book demonstrates how to recognize the indicators of an impending act of terrorism or mass violence, how to deter an attack, and how to transform information into intelligence to meet community demands for safety and security.

New chapters in this third edition focus on source development and their use in investigations, the role of fusion centers, terrorism financing, the handling of classified materials, and the National Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) Initiative. The book also discusses pre-incident indicators, the radicalization process, and behavioral traits associated with terrorism.

A one-stop resource for the homeland security, intelligence analyst, and investigative professional, this volume arms those tasked with protecting the public with a solid blueprint for combating and investigating crimes associated with terrorism and hate.

Contents

A need for understanding and analysis

The mission

Intelligence analysis units

Defining analytical positions and roles

Intelligence disciplines

What is homeland security and terrorism analysis?

Understanding what needs to be analyzed

Keys to analysis

Deterrence, prevention, arrest, and target hardening

Deterrence

Prevention

Arrest

Target hardening

Understanding and defining terrorism

Defining terrorism

Defining terrorist activity

Forms of terrorism

Political terrorism

Ecological terrorism

Agricultural terrorism

Narco-terrorism

Biological terrorism

Cyberterrorism

History and roots of modern terrorism

The evolution of domestic terrorism

Domestic terrorism

Organized hate groups and crimes

Role of organized hate groups in domestic terrorism

What is a terrorist?

Terrorist versus street criminal

Understanding the religious connection

Islamic extremism

Islamic sects

Terrorism: Structure and management

Homeland security and analysis

Definition of homeland security

Homeland Security Advisory System

The updated Homeland Security Advisory System

National Threat Advisory System

Homeland security and analysis

The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools

Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act

Importance of finances in terrorist activities

Hawala system

Charitable contributions—zakat

Dealing with terrorism

Law enforcement concerns

Coordination, training, and awareness

Behavioral traits and suspicious activity

National information sharing and suspicious activity reporting

Why suspicious activity reporting, and the role of local law enforcement

Suspicious activity reporting and the national landscape

Suspicious activity reporting behavioral indicators

Actions arousing suspicion

Possession arousing suspicion

Retrieving the suspicious activity report for analysis

Terrorism information needs

Radicalization and behaviors

Early indicators of terrorism

Would-be warriors

Relationships of people, places, and things

Data and information quality

Information life cycle

Information quality

Gathering information, the key to the process

Intelligence gathering

Role of the first responder

Crimes and incidents that may yield information or links

Stolen identities

False identification

Gathering limitations and restrictions

Gathering information from tips

Intelligence gathering and information interpretation

Evaluating the information used

Enhancing investigations: Going beyond the traditional

Middle Eastern criminal enterprises

Financing terrorism through various forms of criminal activity

Role of the financial investigator in the intelligence process

Role of fusion centers in the intelligence process

Intelligence-led policing

Fusion centers

Handling of classified materials

Security and nondisclosure

Source development and use in investigations (human intelligence)

Source development and handling procedures

Source management

Open source reporting

Confidential source management and reporting

Working the puzzle one piece at a time: Learning to anticipate behavior

Data set challenges

Names and addresses

Data tools

Identifying what is needed

Forms of analysis that can be used to identify the missing piece

Use of calendars and significant dates in analysis

When is 9/11 not 9/11?

Dates of terrorism significance

Learning from past behavior

Looking for skill, knowledge, resource, access(ibility), motive

Recruiting opportunities

Prisons—Recruitment and communication

Ability to communicate from within

Gangs—Today’s street terrorists

Mara Salvatrucha 13 and Sureño 13

Music—Another means to recruit

Enhanced analysis: Transforming information into intelligence

Analyzing: Transforming information into intelligence

Analytical and investigative variables

Websites and other resources

Macro-micro-macro continuum

Link analysis charts

Association and directional matrices

Event flowcharts

Heuer’s analysis of competing hypotheses (ACH)

Assessing the threat

Vulnerability assessment

Spatial referencing and its use in homeland security analysis

Range of geographic information system uses

Preparation and planning

Geographic information system linking

Additional benefits of a geographic information system

Dissemination of intelligence

Commonly used analytical reports

The threat: The future is here today—Learning from the past

Transportation targeted

Transportation and terrorism

The Irish Republican Army campaign against transportation

Planes, trains, and automobiles—But there are more

United States: Terrorism and transportation

Symbolic government targets

Notable terrorist cases and attacks with a transportation nexus other than 9/11

Aviation (Figure 9.1)

Maritime

Buses and trains/railways

Trucks, cars, vans, taxis, limos, and rescue vehicles

Bicycles

Summary of recent transportation targets

Use of suicide bombers

Who are the bombers and their groups?

What can you look for?

Homegrown terror—Learning from others

Expanded details

Cases for groups found in the United States and abroad

Other notable cases

What the future may hold

Foreign-based terrorist influence

Groups, movements, and ideologies with a presence in the United States

Hezbollah

Al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya

Hamas (Islamic Resistance Movement)

The Muslim Brotherhood Movement (Hizb al-lkhwan al-Muslimun)

Wahhabism

Means of support

Cyberterrorism

Defining cyberterrorism

Spectrum of cyber conflict

Using Internet Protocol addresses and e-mails in analysis

Some Internet problems that might come up during analysis

Finding information in an e-mail

E-mail addresses

What is an Internet Protocol address?

No message, no extended header, no Internet Protocol address

Tracing an e-mail address to an owner

Does the target have a web page?

How does one trace a web address?

Bioterrorism and weapons of mass destruction

The past, present, and future

Conclusion

Expanding horizons through media outlets

Muslim/Arab Internet news sites and resources

Appendix A: Domestic-based terrorist organizations

Appendix B: "Patriot" groups in the United States

Appendix C: Symbols of hate

Appendix D: Foreign-based terrorist organizations

Appendix E: Explosive materials

Appendix F: Homeland security state contact list

Appendix G: Publication references

Appendix H: Government legislative references

Appendix I: Glossary of terminology

Appendix J: Department of Homeland Security recognized fusion centers

Index

Author Bio

Major (honorably retired as of April 2010) Michael Ronczkowski served the citizens of Miami-Dade County Florida and Miami-Dade Police Department for nearly 27 years. He rose through all the Civil Service Ranks serving as a Corporal, Sergeant, Lieutenant, and Captain before his appointment to Major in the spring of 2006. His assignments consisted of 19 years of investigations to include; burglary, auto theft, assault, robbery, fugitives and homeland security which included the Joint Terrorism Task Force.

Major Ronczkowski retired after serving four years as the Department’s Homeland Security Bureau Commander and Director of the Miami-Dade Fusion Center a DHS recognized center that he initiated. He commanded and managed 80 multi-discipline personnel on homeland security and terrorism-related investigations at the Fusion Center which served South Florida. Major Ronczkowski also served as the Chair of the County’s Terrorism Advisory Committee (TAC), member of the Southeast Regional Domestic Security Task Force (SERDSTF), Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) Grant Program and Urban Area Work Group (UAWG) board member for Miami and Ft. Lauderdale, and Major Cities Chiefs Association Intelligence Commanders Group advisor. He also maintained high level national security clearances and credentials with the Miami Office of the FBI JTTF. Major Ronczkowski has testified before both the U.S. Senate and Congress on matters related to Islamic Extremism and Emergency Response.

Major Ronczkowski holds a Bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice and a Masters degree in Public Administration from Florida Atlantic University as well as being a graduate of the FBI’s National Academy, Session 217. He is the author of several publications to include two text books published with CRC Press titled Terrorism and Organized Hate Crime and co-author of the article Tactical / Investigative Analysis of Targeted Crimes, published by the National Institute of Justice in the Advanced Crime Mapping Topics book sponsored by the Crime Mapping and Analysis Program as well as three contributing articles for various encyclopedias. Major Ronczkowski is also an established instructor on matters related to homeland security, intelligence, analysis, and a certified GIS instructor with ESRI. He served eight years as an adjunct professor at Florida Atlantic University teaching terrorism and has been an instructor for the Alpha Group Center for Crime and Intelligence Analysis for nearly 10 years.

Name: Terrorism and Organized Hate Crime: Intelligence Gathering, Analysis and Investigations, Third Edition (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Michael R. Ronczkowski. The ability of law enforcement agencies to manage intelligence is key to fighting the war on terror, and a critical foundation of intelligence-led policing is proper analysis of the information gained. Terrorism and Organized Hate Crime: Intelligence...
Categories: Terrorism, Homeland Security, Police, Policing, Intelligence Studies, Terrorism & Political Violence