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Pavement Engineering

Principles and Practice, Second Edition

By Rajib B. Mallick, Tahar El-Korchi

CRC Press – 2013 – 694 pages

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    978-1-43-987035-8
    March 27th 2013

Description

Pavements are engineered structures essential to transportation, commerce and trade, and everyday life. In order for them to perform as expected, they must be designed, constructed, maintained, and managed properly. Providing a comprehensive overview of the subject, Pavement Engineering: Principles and Practice, Second Edition covers a wide range of topics in asphalt and concrete pavements, from soil preparation to structural design and construction. This new edition includes updates in all chapters and two new chapters on emerging topics that are becoming universally important: engineering of sustainable pavements and environmental mitigation in transportation projects. It also contains new examples and new figures with more informative schematics as well as helpful photographs.

The text describes the significance of standards and examines traffic, drainage, concrete mixes, asphalt binders, distress and performance in concrete and asphalt pavements, and pavement maintenance and rehabilitation. It also contains a chapter on airport pavements and discusses nondestructive tests for pavement engineering using nuclear, deflection-based, electromagnetic, and seismic equipment. The authors explore key concepts and techniques for economic analysis and computing life-cycle cost, instrumentation for acquiring test data, and specialty applications of asphalt and concrete.

The Second Edition includes more relevant issues and recently developed techniques and guidelines for practical problems, such as selection of pavement type, effect of vehicle tires, and use of smart sensors in rollers and software for drainage analysis. This book presents in-depth, state-of-the-art knowledge in a range of relevant topics in pavement engineering, with numerous examples and figures and comprehensive references to online resources for literature and software. It provides a good understanding of construction practices essential for new engineers and materials processing and construction needed for solving numerous problems.

Reviews

"The authors provide a very comprehensive treatment of pavement engineering. … The clear strength of this text is the breadth of coverage of the major components of the pavement system – materials, structural design, construction, maintenance, and rehabilitation. The authors provide a nice balance of the theoretical basis for many analyses with a practical eye towards designing and building pavements which will perform."

—Kevin D. Hall, Ph.D., P.E., University of Arkansas

Contents

Introduction and Description of Pavements

Importance

Functions

Design and Construction

Maintenance and Rehabilitation

Important Issues

Functional Requirements

Types and Uses of Pavements

Different Features of Typical Asphalt Pavements

Different Features of Typical Concrete Pavements

Research on Pavements

Questions

Principles of Mix and Structural Design and Construction of Asphalt Pavement

Overview

Traffic and Load Distribution Concept

Materials and Layers

Environment

Mix Design

Structural Design

Link between Mix and Structural Design

Theoretical Considerations for Structural Design

Principles of Good Construction

Putting Everything Together

Questions

Principles of Structural Design, Mix Design, and Construction of Concrete Pavements

Overview

Structural Design

Theoretical Considerations

Computer Programs for Rigid Pavements

Combined Stresses

Stresses due to Friction

Joint Opening

Joints

Concrete Properties and Mix Design

Questions

Standards

Importance of Standards

The American Society of Testing and Materials

The American Society of State Highway and Transportation Officials

Use of Standards in Materials Selection, Mix Design, and Structural Design

Use of Standards in Quality Control in Construction

Important Specifications

Questions

Traffic

Different Types of Highway Traffic

Measurement of Traffic Loads

Load Equivalency Factor and Equivalent Single-Axle Load

Alternative Load Equivalent Factor Concept

Equivalent Single-Wheel Load

Truck Tire Pressure

Truck Speed

Aircraft Loading, Gear Configuration, and Tire Pressure

Questions

Drainage

Source and Effect of Water

Estimating Flow

Hydroplaning and Surface Drainage System

Inlets

Subsurface Drainage System

Design of Subsurface Drainage Structures

Consideration of Drainage in Pavement Design

Pumping in Rigid Pavements

Use of Software for Design of Drainage Structures

Questions

Soil

Overview

Soils in Subgrade

Mass–Volume Relationships

Grain Size Distribution: Gradation

Effect of Water

Soil Classification

Density and Optimum Moisture Content

Hydraulic Conductivity

Frost Susceptibility

Swell Potential

Stiffness and Strength of Soils

Subgrade Soil Tests for Rigid Pavements

Subbase and Unstabilized Base

Soil Stabilization Concepts and Methods: Chemical and Mechanical

Dust Control

Questions

Aggregates for Asphalt and Concrete Mixes

Definition, Parent Rock, and Types

Suitability for Application

Production

Overview of Desirable Properties

Gradation for Asphalt Pavements

Specific Gravities and Absorption

Cleanliness and Deleterious Materials

Toughness or Resistance against Abrasion Loss

Particle Shape and Surface Texture

Durability/Soundness

Expansive Characteristics

Polishing and Frictional Characteristics

Aggregate Tests Specifically for Concrete

Automated Aggregate Analysis (AASHTO TP81 and PP64)

Artificial Aggregates

Questions

Asphalt and Emulsions

Asphalt Binder

Naturally Occurring Asphalts

Refined Asphalt from Crude Oil

Safe Delivery, Storage, and Handling of Asphalts

Asphalt Binder Properties

Asphalt Binder Properties and Pavement Distress and Performance

Stiffness

Viscoelastic Nature of Asphalt and Direct Measurement of Stiffness

Tensile Behavior

Superpave (Superior Performing Asphalt Pavements)

Recovery of Asphalt Binder from Asphalt Mix

Adhesion Properties

Asphalt Emulsions

Questions

Concrete Fundamentals for Rigid Pavements

Concrete

Aggregates

Cement

Water

Hydration

Steel in Concrete

Questions

Distress and Performance

Distresses in Asphalt Pavements

Distresses in Concrete Pavements

Consideration of Performance

Damage

Forensic Investigation for Determination of Type and Cause of Distress

Questions

Consideration of Major Distress Mechanisms and Material Characterization for Asphalt Pavements

Fatigue Cracking

Thermal Cracking

Rutting or Permanent Deformation

Smoothness Consideration

Top-Down Cracking

Questions

Distress Models and Material Characterization for Concrete Pavements

Distresses and Models

Tests for Concrete

Questions

Mix and Structural Design of Asphalt Mix Layers

Physical and Volumetric Properties of Asphalt Mix

Mix Design Methods

Structural Design

Questions

Mix Design and Structural Design for Concrete Pavements

Mix Design

Structural Design

Questions

Construction of Asphalt Pavements

Overview

Description and Requirements of Components in Hot Mix Asphalt–Producing Plants

Equipment Used for Transportation, Laydown, and Compaction

Important Factors

Specifications

Preparation of Subgrade and Construction of Base and Subbase Layers

Quality Control and Quality Assurance

Construction of Longitudinal Joints

Questions

Construction of Concrete Pavements

Overview

Concrete Production

Preparation of Subgrade and Base

Presetting Reinforcements such as Dowel Bars, Tiebars, and Continuous Reinforcement

PCC Slab Construction

Finishing

Curing

Paving in Hot and Cold Weather Conditions

Jointing

HIPERPAV Software

Joint Sealing

Questions

Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Pavements: Pavement Management Systems

Overview

Steps in PMS

Different PMS Approaches

Distress Survey

Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Asphalt Pavements

Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Concrete Pavements

Warranty Projects

Questions

Airport Pavements

Types, Importance, and Specifications

Structural Design of Airport Asphalt Mix Pavements

Design of Concrete Pavements

Design for Airport Pavements with Light Aircrafts

Advanced Design Methods

Nondestructive Testing and Rehabilitation of Airfield Pavements

ACN-PCN

Rehabilitation of PCC Airport Pavements

Construction Quality Control and Acceptance Testing

Constructing, Checking, and Improving Friction/Skid Resistance Drainage of Runways

Asphalt Mixes for Airport Pavement

Maintenance of Airport Pavements

Questions

Nondestructive Tests

Nuclear Gage

Falling Weight Deflectometer

Portable Falling Weight Deflectometer

Rolling Wheel Deflectometer

GeoGauge (Soil Stiffness Gauge) for Soil Compaction

Ground-Penetrating Radar

Portable Seismic Pavement Analyzer

Free Free Resonant Column Test

Ultrasonic Test

Magnetic Induction Tomography

Question

Economic Analysis and Cost-Saving Concepts

Economic Analysis

Cost-Saving Concepts

Questions

Instrumentation in Asphalt and Concrete Pavement

Temperature

Soil Moisture Content

Frost Depth

Strain in Asphalt or Concrete Pavement and Soil Layers

Stress in Soil Layers

Deflection in Layers

Data Acquisition Systems

Questions

Specialty Applications

Asphalt Mixtures

Concrete Whitetopping

Questions

Sustainable Pavement Engineering

Need for Pavements

First Consideration

Design of Layout of Pavements

Construction of Pavements

Use of Waste and Byproducts in Pavements

Workers

Pavement–Building–Nature–Symbiosis

Regulatory Bodies and Impetus for Sustainability

Human Factor

Questions

Environmental Mitigation in Transportation Projects

How Transportation Impacts the Environment

Model for Assessing Impacts and Developing Mitigation Measures

Project Conception

Impact Assessment

Alternatives Analysis

Public Involvement and Review

Enforcement and Post-Project Monitoring

Transportation Planning and Regional Mitigation Approaches

Questions

Conversion Factors

References and Bibliography

Index

Author Bio

Dr. Rajib Mallick, PE, has extensive experience with asphalt materials, mixture design, construction, pavement design, recycling, and nondestructive testing. From 1992 to 1998, he worked as a research assistant and as a senior research associate at the National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) and is currently the Ralph White Family Distinguished Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI). He has completed numerous research projects for several departments of transportation, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and several private practitioner organizations. Dr. Mallick has coauthored more than 100 papers for journals and conference proceedings, as well as several practical reports, manuals, and state-of-the-practice reports for federal, state, and local highway agencies.

Dr. Tahar El-Korchi is a professor and head of civil and environmental engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. He does research and teaches courses on pavement analysis, design and management, construction materials testing and evaluation, cement and concrete materials and construction processes, structural analysis and design, and high-performance structural materials at the undergraduate and graduate level. He has published more than 80 publications and presentations and has served at numerous WPI global project centers, including Puerto Rico; Washington, District of Columbia; Morocco; Costa Rica; and Panama. Dr. El-Korchi was granted the prestigious Presidential Young Investigator Award by the National Science Foundation in 1991. Dr. El-Korchi is also a consultant to several major corporations. He provides recommendations for the design and evaluation of pavements, materials, and structures.

Name: Pavement Engineering: Principles and Practice, Second Edition (eBook)CRC Press 
Description: By Rajib B. Mallick, Tahar El-Korchi. Pavements are engineered structures essential to transportation, commerce and trade, and everyday life. In order for them to perform as expected, they must be designed, constructed, maintained, and managed properly. Providing a comprehensive overview of...
Categories: Pavement Engineering, Mining Construction, Transportation Engineering