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Groundwater Hydrology

Engineering, Planning, and Management

By M. Karamouz, A. Ahmadi, M. Akhbari

CRC Press – 2011 – 676 pages

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    978-1-43-983756-6
    March 15th 2011

Description

Increasing demand for water, higher standards of living, depletion of resources of acceptable quality, and excessive water pollution due to urban, agricultural, and industrial expansions have caused intense environmental, social, economic, and political predicaments. More frequent and severe floods and droughts have changed the ability and resiliency of water infrastructure systems to operate and provide services to the public. These concerns and issues have also changed the way we plan and manage our surface and groundwater resources. Groundwater Hydrology: Engineering, Planning, and Management presents a compilation of the state-of-the-art subjects and techniques in the education and practice of groundwater and describes them in a systematic and integrated fashion useful for undergraduate and graduate students and practitioners.

The book develops a system view of groundwater fundamentals and model-making techniques through the application of science, engineering, planning, and management principles. It discusses the classical issues in groundwater hydrology and hydraulics followed by coverage of water quality issues. The authors delineate the process of analyzing data, identification, and parameter estimation; tools and model-building techniques and the conjunctive use of surface and groundwater techniques; aquifer restoration, remediation, and monitoring techniques; and analysis of risk. They touch on groundwater risk and disaster management and then explore the impact of climate change on groundwater and discuss the tools needed for analyzing future data realization and downscaling large-scale low-resolution data to local watershed and aquifer scales for impact studies.

The combined coverage of engineering and planning tools and techniques as well as specific challenges for restoration and remediation of polluted aquifers sets this book apart. It also introduces basic tools and techniques for making decisions about and planning for future groundwater development activities, taking into account regional sustainability issues. An examination of the interface between groundwater challenges, the book demonstrates how to apply systems analysis techniques to groundwater engineering, planning, and management.

Contents

Introduction

Introduction

Groundwater Systems

Science and Engineering of Groundwater

Planning and Management of Groundwater

Tools and Techniques

People’s Perception: Public Awareness

Groundwater Protection: Concerns and Acts

Overall Organization of This Book

Problems

References

Groundwater Properties

Introduction

Vertical Distribution of Subsurface

Aquifers, Aquitards, and Aquicludes

Types of Aquifers

Groundwater Balance

Compressibility and Effective Stress

Aquifer Compressibility

Aquifer Characteristics

Storage in the Unsaturated Zone

Water-Level Fluctuations

Groundwater in Karst

Problems

References

Groundwater Hydrology

Introduction

Groundwater Movement

Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems

Transmissivity

Dupuit–Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow

Statistical Methods in Groundwater Hydrology

Time Series Analysis

Problems

Appendix A

References

Hydraulics of Groundwater

Introduction

Continuity Equation

Equation of Motion in Groundwater

Wells

Multiple-Well Systems

Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data

Design of Wells

Well Construction

Problems

References

Groundwater Quality

Introduction

Groundwater Constituents and Contaminants

Water Quality Standards

Groundwater Solubility

Disequilibrium and Saturation Index

Sources of Groundwater Contamination

Mass Transport of Dissolved Contaminants

Modeling Contaminant Release

Problems

References

Groundwater Modeling

Introduction

Process of Modeling

Mathematical Modeling

Finite Difference Method

Finite Element Method

Finite Volume Method

MODFLOW

Problems

References

Groundwater Planning and Management

Introduction

Data Collection

Simulation Techniques

Optimization Models for Groundwater Management

Optimization Techniques

Conflict Resolution

Groundwater Systems Economics

Case Studies

Problems

References

Surface Water and Groundwater Interaction

Introduction

Interaction between Surface and Groundwater

Conjunctive Use of Surface and Groundwater

Operation of Groundwater Resources in Semiarid Region

Problems

References

Aquifer Restoration and Monitoring

Introduction

Partitioning Process

Retardation

Natural Losses of Contaminants

Groundwater Pollution Control

Treatment of Groundwater

Monitoring Subsurface Water

Summary

Problems

References

Groundwater Risk and Disaster Management

Introduction

Groundwater Risk Assessment

Groundwater Risk Management

Groundwater Disaster

Disaster Indices

Groundwater Vulnerability

Problems

References

Climate Change Impacts on Groundwater

Introduction

Climate Change

Climate Change Impacts on Hydrological Cycle

General Climate Change Impacts on Groundwater

Groundwater Quantity and Quality Concerns

Adaptation to Climate Change

Climate Change Simulation

Downscaling Models

Climate Change Impacts on Water Availability in an Aquifer

Conclusion

Problems

References

Index

Name: Groundwater Hydrology: Engineering, Planning, and Management (eBook)CRC Press 
Description: By M. Karamouz, A. Ahmadi, M. Akhbari. Increasing demand for water, higher standards of living, depletion of resources of acceptable quality, and excessive water pollution due to urban, agricultural, and industrial expansions have caused intense environmental, social, economic, and political...
Categories: Hydrogeology & Groundwater, Water Engineering, Water Science