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Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy

Edited by Joao Seco, Frank Verhaegen

CRC Press – 2013 – 342 pages

Series: Imaging in Medical Diagnosis and Therapy

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $149.95
    978-1-46-650792-0
    March 25th 2013

Description

Modern cancer treatment relies on Monte Carlo simulations to help radiotherapists and clinical physicists better understand and compute radiation dose from imaging devices as well as exploit four-dimensional imaging data. With Monte Carlo-based treatment planning tools now available from commercial vendors, a complete transition to Monte Carlo-based dose calculation methods in radiotherapy could likely take place in the next decade. Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy explores the use of Monte Carlo methods for modeling various features of internal and external radiation sources, including light ion beams.

The book—the first of its kind—addresses applications of the Monte Carlo particle transport simulation technique in radiation therapy, mainly focusing on external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy. It presents the mathematical and technical aspects of the methods in particle transport simulations. The book also discusses the modeling of medical linacs and other irradiation devices; issues specific to electron, photon, and proton ion beams and brachytherapy; and the optimization of treatment planning, radiation dosimetry, and quality assurance.

Useful to clinical physicists, graduate students, and researchers, this book provides a detailed, state-of-the-art guide to the fundamentals, application, and customization of Monte Carlo techniques in radiotherapy. Through real-world examples, it illustrates the use of Monte Carlo modeling and simulations in dose calculation, beam delivery, kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging, proton radiography, device design, and much more.

Reviews

"… this is the first textbook targeted at medical physicists that provides not only explanations of the fundamentals of MC methodology, but also reviews the application of this calculation methodology in a variety of RT fields. … This textbook and the foundation chapters in particular should be considered an essential resource for any student or practitioner of MC techniques in RT."

Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine, March 2014

Contents

Monte Carlo Fundamentals

History of Monte Carlo

Alex F. Bielajew

Basics of Monte Carlo Simulations

Matthias Fippel

Variance Reduction Techniques

Matthias Fippel

Application of Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy

Applications of Monte Carlo to Radiation Dosimetry

Hugo Bouchard and Jan Seuntjens

Monte Carlo Modeling of External Photon Beams in Radiotherapy

Frank Verhaegen

Monte Carlo Modeling of External Electron Beams in Radiotherapy

Frank Verhaegen

Dynamic Beam Delivery and 4D Monte Carlo

Emily Heath and Joao Seco

Patient Dose Calculation

Joao Seco and Maggy Fragoso

Monte Carlo Methods and Applications for Brachytherapy Dosimetry and Treatment Planning

Guillaume Landry, Mark R. Rivard, Jeffrey F. Williamson, and Frank Verhaegen

Monte Carlo as a QA Tool for Advanced Radiation Therapy

JinSheng Li and C.-M. Charlie Ma

Electrons: Clinical Considerations and Applications

Joanna E. Cygler and George X. Ding

Photons: Clinical Considerations and Applications

Michael K. Fix

Monte Carlo Calculations for Proton and Ion Beam Dosimetry

Hugo Palmans

Protons: Clinical Considerations and Applications

Harald Paganetti

Application of Monte Carlo Methods to Radionuclide Therapy

Michael Ljungberg

Monte Carlo for Kilovoltage and Megavoltage Imaging

George X. Ding and Andrew Fielding

Monte Carlo Calculations for PET-Based Treatment Verification of Ion Beam Therapy

Katia Parodi

Monte Carlo Studies of Prompt Gamma Emission and of Proton Radiography/Proton-CT

Joao Seco, Jerimy C. Polf, and Katia Parodi

Monte Carlo for Treatment Device Design

Bruce A. Faddegon

GPU-Based Fast Monte Carlo Simulation for Radiotherapy Dose Calculation

Xun Jia, Sami Hissoiny, and Steve B. Jiang

Monte Carlo for Shielding of Radiotherapy Facilities

Peter J. Biggs and Stephen F. Kry

Index

Author Bio

Joao Seco is an assistant professor of radiation oncology at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital. He earned his PhD from the Institute of Cancer Research, University of London. His research interests range from proton imaging and therapy to photon beam modeling Monte Carlo, electronic portal imaging, and 4D Monte Carlo proton and photon dosimetry.

Frank Verhaegen is head of clinical physics research at the Maastro Clinic. He also holds a professorship at the University of Maastricht. Dr. Verhaegen is a fellow of the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine and the Institute of Physics. He earned his PhD from the University of Ghent. His research interests include imaging and dosimetry for photon and electron therapy, brachytherapy, particle therapy, and small animal radiotherapy.

Name: Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: Edited by Joao Seco, Frank Verhaegen. Modern cancer treatment relies on Monte Carlo simulations to help radiotherapists and clinical physicists better understand and compute radiation dose from imaging devices as well as exploit four-dimensional imaging data. With Monte Carlo-based treatment...
Categories: Biomedical Engineering, Oncology, Medical Physics