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Hydrology and Hydroclimatology

Principles and Applications

By M. Karamouz, S. Nazif, M. Falahi

CRC Press – 2013 – 740 pages

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    978-1-46-651219-1
    November 26th 2012

Description

This book presents a systematic approach to understanding and applying the principles of hydrology and hydroclimatology, examining the interactions among different components of the water cycle. It takes a fresh look at the fundamentals and challenges in hydrologic and hydroclimatic systems as well as climate change. The author describes the application of nontraditional data sets and new investigation techniques to water-related problems. He also examines long lead forecasting and simulation, time series analysis, and risk and uncertainty in hydrologic design.

Contents

Introduction

Introduction

Systems Approach

Hydrologic Cycle

Hydrologic Variability

Disposition of Energy and Matters

Representations, Statistical and Simulation Models

Extreme Values, Vulnerability, Risk and Uncertainty

Water Availability

Water Sustainability

Tools and Techniques

People’s Perception- Public Awareness

Integrated Water Cycle Management

Economics of Water

Water Supply vs. Water Demand

Clean Water Act

Overall Organization of This Book

Problems

References

Hydroclimatic Systems

Introduction

General Systems' Characteristics

Systems Modeling

The Earth System

The Atmosphere

The Lithosphere

The Biosphere

The Hydrosphere

Hydrologic Cycle

The Catchment Basin System

Groundwater System

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Hydro-Climaticprocesses

Introduction

Atmosphere characteristics

Physical Behavior of the Atmosphere

Heat and Temperature Relationship

Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere

Clouds and Precipitation Formation

Climate Variability

Case Studies

Conclusion

Problems

References

Hydrologic Cycle Analysis

Introduction

Precipitation

Evaporation and Evapotranspiration

Interception Storage and Depression Storage

Infiltration

Calculation of Excess Rainfall-Runoff

Groundwater

Reservoirs and Lakes

Water balance

Regionalizing the Hydrologic Data Using Kriging Method

Summary

Problems

References

Watershed

Definition

Watershed Geomorphology

Hypsometric Curve

Characteristics of Soil

Channel Geomorphology

Travel Time

Land Use and Cover Impacts

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Surface Water Hydrology

Introduction

Estimation of Runoff Volume

Hydrograph Theory

Baseflow Estimation

Unit Hydrograph

Different Types of Unit Hydrographs

Unit Hydrograph Adjustments

Instantaneous Unit Hydrographs (IUH)

Routing Methods

Hydrologic Reservoir Routing

Estuaries

Water Quality Issues in Surface Water

Problems

References

Appendix

Groundwater Hydrology

Introduction

Groundwater Systems

Groundwater Availability

Groundwater Development

Types of Aquifers

Aquifer Characteristics

Groundwater Balance

Groundwater Movement

Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems

Transmissivity

Dupuit- Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow

Flow nets

Wells

Multiple-Well Systems

Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data

Interaction between Surface and Groundwater

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Time Series Analysis

Introduction

Stochastic Processes

Time Series

Hydrological Time Series

Hydrologic Time Series Modeling: Basic Steps

Data Preparation

Time Series Modeling in Hydrology

Methods of Parameter Estimation

Regression Based Methods

Goodness of Fit Tests

Spectral Analysis Based Methods

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Appendix

Climate Change Impacts And Models

Introduction

The Greenhouse Effect

The Carbon Cycle

Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Cycle

Water Resource System Effects

Climate Change Simulation

Case Studies

Problems

References

Probability, Risk and Uncertainty In Hydrologic Analysis

Introduction

Probability treatment of hydrologic data

Common probabilistic models

Return period or recurrence interval

Reliability

Risk

Vulnerability

Resiliency

Uncertainty

Problems

References

Appendix

Hydrologic Simulation

Introduction

Mathematical Simulation Techniques

Physical Models Simulation

Problems

References

Drought Analysis and Management

Introduction

Drought as a Hazard

Drought Definition

Climatic Drought

Hydrologic Drought

Agricultural Drought

Hybrid Drought Index

Geostatistic Tools in Drought Studies

Drought Preparedness/Management

Problems

References

Flood

Introduction

Flood Types

Flood Analysis

Flood Prediction

Flood Routing

Urban Floods

Understanding Flood Hazards

Evacuation Zones

Flood Damage

Resiliency

Floodplain Management

Case Studies

Problems

References

Introduction

Introduction

Systems Approach

Hydrologic Cycle

Hydrologic Variability

Disposition of Energy and Matters

Representations, Statistical and Simulation Models

Extreme Values, Vulnerability, Risk and Uncertainty

Water Availability

Water Sustainability

Tools and Techniques

People’s Perception- Public Awareness

Integrated Water Cycle Management

Economics of Water

Water Supply vs. Water Demand

Clean Water Act

Overall Organization of This Book

Problems

References

Hydroclimatic Systems

Introduction

General Systems' Characteristics

Systems Modeling

The Earth System

The Atmosphere

The Lithosphere

The Biosphere

The Hydrosphere

Hydrologic Cycle

The Catchment Basin System

Groundwater System

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Hydro-Climaticprocesses

Introduction

Atmosphere characteristics

Physical Behavior of the Atmosphere

Heat and Temperature Relationship

Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere

Clouds and Precipitation Formation

Climate Variability

Case Studies

Conclusion

Problems

References

Hydrologic Cycle Analysis

Introduction

Precipitation

Evaporation and Evapotranspiration

Interception Storage and Depression Storage

Infiltration

Calculation of Excess Rainfall-Runoff

Groundwater

Reservoirs and Lakes

Water balance

Regionalizing the Hydrologic Data Using Kriging Method

Summary

Problems

References

Watershed

Definition

Watershed Geomorphology

Hypsometric Curve

Characteristics of Soil

Channel Geomorphology

Travel Time

Land Use and Cover Impacts

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Surface Water Hydrology

Introduction

Estimation of Runoff Volume

Hydrograph Theory

Baseflow Estimation

Unit Hydrograph

Different Types of Unit Hydrographs

Unit Hydrograph Adjustments

Instantaneous Unit Hydrographs (IUH)

Routing Methods

Hydrologic Reservoir Routing

Estuaries

Water Quality Issues in Surface Water

Problems

References

Appendix

Groundwater Hydrology

Introduction

Groundwater Systems

Groundwater Availability

Groundwater Development

Types of Aquifers

Aquifer Characteristics

Groundwater Balance

Groundwater Movement

Homogeneous and Isotropic Systems

Transmissivity

Dupuit- Forchheimer Theory of Free-Surface Flow

Flow nets

Wells

Multiple-Well Systems

Effective Conditions on Time-Drawdown Data

Interaction between Surface and Groundwater

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Time Series Analysis

Introduction

Stochastic Processes

Time Series

Hydrological Time Series

Hydrologic Time Series Modeling: Basic Steps

Data Preparation

Time Series Modeling in Hydrology

Methods of Parameter Estimation

Regression Based Methods

Goodness of Fit Tests

Spectral Analysis Based Methods

Concluding Remarks

Problems

References

Appendix

Climate Change Impacts And Models

Introduction

The Greenhouse Effect

The Carbon Cycle

Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Cycle

Water Resource System Effects

Climate Change Simulation

Case Studies

Problems

References

Probability, Risk and Uncertainty In Hydrologic Analysis

Introduction

Probability treatment of hydrologic data

Common probabilistic models

Return period or recurrence interval

Reliability

Risk

Vulnerability

Resiliency

Uncertainty

Problems

References

Appendix

Hydrologic Simulation

Introduction

Mathematical Simulation Techniques

Physical Models Simulation

Problems

References

Drought Analysis and Management

Introduction

Drought as a Hazard

Drought Definition

Climatic Drought

Hydrologic Drought

Agricultural Drought

Hybrid Drought Index

Geostatistic Tools in Drought Studies

Drought Preparedness/Management

Problems

References

Flood

Introduction

Flood Types

Flood Analysis

Flood Prediction

Flood Routing

Urban Floods

Understanding Flood Hazards

Evacuation Zones

Flood Damage

Resiliency

Floodplain Management

Case Studies

Problems

References

Name: Hydrology and Hydroclimatology: Principles and Applications (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By M. Karamouz, S. Nazif, M. Falahi. This book presents a systematic approach to understanding and applying the principles of hydrology and hydroclimatology, examining the interactions among different components of the water cycle. It takes a fresh look at the fundamentals and challenges in...
Categories: Surface Hydrology, Water Engineering, Water Science