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Principles of Sustainable Soil Management in Agroecosystems

Edited by Rattan Lal, B.A. Stewart

CRC Press – 2013 – 568 pages

Series: Advances in Soil Science

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $139.95
    978-1-46-651346-4
    June 10th 2013

Description

With the use of high-level soil management technology, Africa could feed several billion people, yet food production has generally stagnated since the 1960s. No matter how powerful the seed technology, the seedling emerging from it can flourish only in a healthy soil. Accordingly, crop yields in Africa, South Asia, and the Caribbean could be doubled or tripled through adoption of technologies based on laws of sustainable soil management. Principles of Sustainable Soil Management in Agroecosystems describes the application of these laws to enhance ecosystem services while restoring degraded soils and promoting sustainable use.

With chapters contributed by world-class soil scientists, ecologists, and social scientists, this book outlines critical changes in management of agricultural soils necessary to achieve food security and meet the food demands of the present and projected future population. These changes include conversion to no-till and conservation agriculture; adoption of strategies of integrated nutrient management, water harvesting, and use of drip sub-irrigation; complex cropping/farming systems such as cover cropping and agroforestry; and use of nano-enhanced fertilizers.

The book is based on the premise that it is not possible to extract more from a soil than what is put into it without degrading its quality. The strategy is to replace what is removed, respond wisely to what is changed, and be pro-active to what may happen because of natural and anthropogenic perturbations. The chapters, which exemplify these ideas, cover a range of topics including organic farming, soil fertility, crop-symbiotic soil microbiota, human-driven soil degradation, soil degradation and restoration, carbon sink capacity of soils, soil renewal and sustainability, and the marginality principle.

Reviews

"This book makes the case for sustainable soil management as an essential prerequisite to securing global food supply. … The strength of the book lies in the wide array of topics presented from diverse viewpoints. … Overall, the book is an engaging and stimulating read. It effectively makes the case for the necessity of including soils as the central focus of all efforts to feed a growing world population in a sustainable manner in the face of a changing climate. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above."

—J. R. Reeve, Utah State University, CHOICE, February 2014

Contents

Principles of Soil Management

Rattan Lal

Marginality Principle

Jerry L. Hatfield and Lois Wright Morton

Principles of Soil Management in Neotropical Savannas: The Brazilian Cerrado

Yuri L. Zinn and Rattan Lal

Facts and Myths of Feeding the World with Organic Farming Methods

Bobby A. Stewart, Xiaobo Hou, and Sanjeev Reddy Yalla

Building upon Traditional Knowledge to Enhance Resilience of Soils in Sub-Saharan Africa

M. Tenywa, J. Y. K. Zake, and Rattan Lal

Soil Fertility as a Contingent Rather than Inherent Characteristic: Considering the Contributions of Crop-Symbiotic Soil Microbiota

Norman Uphoff, Feng Chi, Frank B. Dazzo, and Russell J. Rodriguez

Human Dimensions That Drive Soil Degradation

Tomas M. Koontz, Vicki Garrett, Respikius Gabagambi, Caitlin Marquis, Pranietha Mudliar, Tara Ritter, and Sarah Zwickle

Managing Soil Organic Carbon Concentration by Cropping Systems and Fertilizers in the North China Plain

Jin Qing, Xiangbin Kong, and Rattan Lal

Global Extent of Land Degradation and Its Human Dimension

Ephraim Nkonya, Joachim von Braun, Jawoo Koo, and Zhe Guo

Cost–Benefit Analysis of Soil Degradation and Restoration

Fred J. Hitzhusen and Sarah E. Kiger

Spiritual Aspects of Sustainable Soil Management

B. C. Ball

Theological and Religious Approaches to Soil Stewardship

Gregory E. Hitzhusen, Gary W. Fick, and Richard H. Moore

Traditional Knowledge for Sustainable Management of Soils

B. Venkateswarlu, Ch. Srinivasarao, and J. Venkateswarlu

Sustainable Soil Management Is More Than What and How Crops are Grown

Amir Kassam, Gottlieb Basch, Theodor Friedrich, Francis Shaxson, Tom Goddard, Telmo Amado, Bill Crabtree, Li Hongwen, Ivo Mello, Michele Pisante, and Saidi Mkomwa

Mining of Nutrients in African Soils Due to Agricultural Intensification

Eric T. Craswell and Paul L. G. Vlek

Carbon Sink Capacity and Agronomic Productivity of Soils of Semiarid Regions of India

Ch. Srinivasarao, B. Venkateswarlu, Rattan Lal, A. K. Singh, Sumanta Kundu, and Vijay Sandeep Jakkula

Soil Renewal and Sustainability

Richard M. Cruse, Scott Lee, Thomas E. Fenton, Enheng Wang, and John Laflen

Organic Carbon Sequestration Potential and the Co-Benefits in China’s Cropland

Genxing Pan, Kun Cheng, Jufeng Zheng, Lianqing Li, Xuhui Zhang, and Jinwei Zheng

Soil Management for Sustaining Ecosystem Services

Rattan Lal and Bobby A. Stewart

Author Bio

Rattan Lal is a distinguished university professor of soil physics in the School of Environment and Natural Resources and the director of the Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences/Ohio Agriculture Research and Development Center, at the Ohio State University. Previously, he was a soil physicist for 18 years at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria. Professor Lal conducted long-term experiments on topics including land use, watershed management, soil properties, soil tillage and crop-residue management, and cropping systems. He has continued research on erosion-induced changes in soil quality and developed a new project on soils and climate change. He has demonstrated that accelerated soil erosion is a major factor affecting emission of carbon from the soil to the atmosphere.

B.A. Stewart is a distinguished professor of soil science at the West Texas A&M University, Canyon, Texas. He is also the director of the Dryland Agriculture Institute and a former director of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Conservation and Production Laboratory at Bushland, Texas; a past president of the Soil Science Society of America; and a member of the 1990–1993 Committee on Long- Range Soil and Water Policy, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences. He is a fellow of the Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy, and Soil and Water Conservation Society and a recipient of the USDA Superior Service Award and the Hugh Hammond Bennett Award of the Soil and Water Conservation Society.

Name: Principles of Sustainable Soil Management in Agroecosystems (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: Edited by Rattan Lal, B.A. Stewart. With the use of high-level soil management technology, Africa could feed several billion people, yet food production has generally stagnated since the 1960s. No matter how powerful the seed technology, the seedling emerging from it can flourish only in a...
Categories: Agriculture, Soil Science, Ecology - Environment Studies