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Environmental Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing

By Frank R. Spellman

CRC Press – 2012 – 477 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $135.95
    978-1-46-651467-6
    September 17th 2012

Description

There is a strong need for innovation and the development of viable renewable energy sources. Recent technological advances now allow natural gas supplies—previously believed inaccessible or nonexistent—to be discovered, mined, and processed for both industrial and consumer use. The technology, a controversial process that is alternatively called hydraulic fracturing, fracking, fracing, or hydrofracking, has greatly expanded natural gas production in the United States. Presenting a balanced discussion, Environmental Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing is a comprehensive guide to all aspects of hydraulic fracturing used to extract natural gas, along with gas exploration and production in various shale fields.

As the use of hydraulic fracturing has grown, concerns about its environmental and public health impacts have also increased—one of the most significant concerns being the fluids that are injected into rock formations to cause the fracturing contain potentially hazardous chemical additives. The book covers all facets of the issue, including ongoing controversies about the environmental and operator safety issues arising from possible water pollution, drinking water contamination, on-the-job safety hazards, and harmful chemical exposure to workers and residents near well areas.

The author discusses both the pros and cons of hydraulic fracturing, explaining the process in great detail. He describes the benefits of hydraulic fracturing and its importance in making the United States energy independent by drilling for its own resources, as well as the potential impacts to the surrounding environment. The text also includes suggestions and recommendations on how to mitigate environmental damage. Arguably the first book of its kind, this is the go-to text on the use and impacts of hydraulic fracturing.

Reviews

"… a comprehensive guide to every aspect of the process of hydraulic fracturing used to extract shale gas (natural gas) from shale formations, along with gas exploration and production from various shale formations/reservoirs. The text is not biased toward any particular aspect of the process, but is presented as a balanced and objective approach. The book is an easy-to-read text and will make an excellent reference book. … a worthy addition to the bookshelves of anyone with an interest in the concepts and effects of hydraulic fracturing.

–James Speight, Petroleum Science and Technology, 2013

Contents

Introduction

Shalenanza

The Other Side of the Coin

Earthquakes

Internal Structure of Earth

Key Definitions

Purpose of Text

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Shale Gas

Importance of Shale Gas

Versatility of Natural Gas

Alternative or Renewable Energy

The 411 on Natural Gas

The 411 on Processing and Refining Natural Gas

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Shale Gas Geology

Introduction

Sedimentation

Types of Sedimentary Rocks

Chemical Sedimentary Rocks

Physical Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks

Sedimentary Rock Facies

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Shale Gas Plays

Unconventional Natural Gas Resources

Distribution of Unconventional Natural Shale Gas

Fast Forward to the Future

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Shale Gas Sources

Shale Gas in the United States

Geologic Time Scale

Active U.S. Shale Gas Plays

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Hydraulic Fracturing: The Process

Poor Farm Folk to Texas Rich

Drilling for Water Versus Drilling for Shale Gas

Water Well Systems

Components of a Water Well

Shale Gas Drilling Development Technology

Drilling

Hydraulic Fracturing

Fracking Water Supply

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Chemicals Used in Hydraulic Fracturing

Background

Fracking Fluids and Their Constituents

Trade Secrets and Proprietary Chemicals

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Environmental Considerations

Introduction

Access Roads, Well Pads, and Mineral Rights

Horizontal Wells

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Laws and Regulations Affecting Shale Gas Development and Operations

Introduction

Regulations for Shale Gas Operations

Pollution: Effects Often Easy to See, Feel, Taste, or Smell

Regulatory Structure

Water Quality Regulations

Clean Water Act

Safe Drinking Water Act

Oil Pollution Act of 1990

Air Quality

Clean Air Act

Clean Air Act and Hydraulic Fracturing Operations

Land (Soil) Quality

Oil and Gas Operations on Public Lands

Superfund (CERCLA)

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act

OSHA Oil and Gas Drilling, Servicing, and Storage Standards

OSHA Standards Applicable to Shale Gas Operations

Thought-Provoking Discussion Questions

References and Recommended Reading

Glossary

Appendix A. Chemicals Used in Hydraulic Fracturing

Appendix B. Case Study Locations for Hydraulic Fracturing Study

Index

Name: Environmental Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Frank R. Spellman. There is a strong need for innovation and the development of viable renewable energy sources. Recent technological advances now allow natural gas supplies—previously believed inaccessible or nonexistent—to be discovered, mined, and...
Categories: Natural Hazards & Risk, Power & Energy