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Ecological Processes Handbook

By Luca Palmeri, Alberto Barausse, Sven Erik Jorgensen

CRC Press – 2013 – 400 pages

Series: Applied Ecology and Environmental Management

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $129.95
    978-1-46-655847-2
    August 28th 2013

Description

Ecology is cross-disciplinary field involving many different aspects of science. Written with this in mind, this book introduces ecological processes, ranging from physical processes, to chemical processes and biological processes. It contains all the necessary information on an ecological process: a clear, detailed but not too lengthy definition, some practical examples, the main mathematical models which have been used to describe the process, the key interconnections with other ecological processes that must be known in order to apply what has been learned from the book.

Reviews

"… presents an overview of the multi-faceted reality of ecosystems. However, far from being a simple collection of particular aspects of the environment, the book presents a comprehensive vision of ecosystems based on thermodynamics, viewed as a unifying principle which every evolutionary system must obey."

––Stefano Marsili Libelli, Department of Information Engineering, University of Florence, Italy

"… the authors take the reader on a comprehensive journey through the key processes that help one understand ecology—particularly for the application of environmental management. … The authors bring many years of expertise and experience to this topic, which is evident in the broad, synthetic treatment of the material. This Handbook would be a valuable resource …"

—Brian D. Fath, Towson University

Contents

INTRODUCTION

The Ecosystem as an Object for Research

Introduction

Holism versus Reductionism

Interpreting Ecosystem Reality

Ecosystem Structure

Complexity and Self-Organization

Energy Flows through the Biosphere

Brief History of the Biosphere

Conservation Principles

Introduction

Space Conservation

Mass Conservation

Energy Conservation: Thermodynamics’ First Principle

Information

Energy Dissipation

Introduction

The Second Principle

Dissipative Structures

Irreversible Processes

Entropy Production

A Perspective from Information and Systems Theory

Introduction

Information: Definition and Measure

Thermodynamic Entropy and Shannon’s Information

Solar Energy and Information

Ecological Network Analysis

Exergy

Ecological Processes: An Overview

PHYSICAL PROCESSES

Space and Time

Introduction

Scale and Hierarchy

Space Delimitation: Boundaries

Flows through Open Systems

Equilibrium, Stability, and Steady State

Mass Transport

Introduction

Advection and Diffusion

Dispersion

Mass Balance and Reactors

Settling and Resuspension

Transport in Porous Media

Transport at Interfaces

Reaeration

Volatilization

Transport over Membranes

Energetic Factors

Introduction

Solar Radiation

Light Extinction

Evapotranspiration

Effects of Waves in Aquatic Ecosystems

CHEMICAL PROCESSES

Chemical Reactions

Introduction

Chemical Equilibrium

Enzymatic Processes

Redox

Acid–Base

Solutions, Precipitation, and Flocculation

Chemical Lysis

Introduction

Hydrolysis

Proteolysis

Photolysis

Phase Partition

Introduction

Adsorption and Partition of Organic Compounds

Ion Exchange

Complex Formation

Activities and Activities Coefficients

BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES

Biogeochemical Cycles

Introduction

Oxygen Cycle

Aerobic and Anaerobic Conditions

The Carbon Cycle and Biosphere Stability Conditions

Nitrogen Cycle

Phosphorus Cycle

PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Growth

Introduction

The Metabolic Growth Model

Allometric Principles

Primary Production

Introduction

Limitation

Respiration

Nutrient and Metal Uptake

Excretion

Fixation

Mortality

Production of Upper Trophic Levels

Introduction

Grazing

Predation

Microbial Processes

Introduction

Microbial Loop

The Role of Detritus

Biological Decomposition

Ecotoxicological Processes

Introduction

Biodegradation

Bioaccumulation, Bioconcentration, and Biomagnification

The Equilibrium between Spheres: Partition of Toxic Substances between Air, Water, Soil, and Biota

Biological Interactions

Introduction

Adaptation and Shift in Species’ Composition

Competition

Other Biological Interactions

Trophic Networks

LANDSCAPE PROCESSES

Aquatic Ecosystems

Introduction

Eutrophication

Lakes

Wetlands, Transitional Water Ecosystems

Rivers

Open Sea

Fishery

Terrestrial Ecosystems

Introduction

Decomposition of Organic Matter in Soil

Toxic Substances in Soil

Erosion and Leaching

Ecosystem Transitions

Landscapes and Urban Ecosystems

Introduction

Landscape Processes

Population Growth

Environmental Processes and Urban Ecosystems

Urban Solid Waste Management

The Atmosphere

Introduction

Atmospheric Pollution by Gases and Particles

Modifying the Distribution Patterns

Ozone Depletion

Henry’s Law

Acidification

References

Appendix: The Double Logarithmic Representation

Index

Name: Ecological Processes Handbook (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Luca Palmeri, Alberto Barausse, Sven Erik Jorgensen. Ecology is cross-disciplinary field involving many different aspects of science. Written with this in mind, this book introduces ecological processes, ranging from physical processes, to chemical processes and biological processes. It contains all the...
Categories: Environmental Sciences, Biodiversity, Environmental Chemistry