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Hydro-Environmental Analysis

Freshwater Environments

By James L. Martin

CRC Press – 2013 – 567 pages

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  • Add to CartHardback: $132.95
    December 3rd 2013


Focusing on fundamental principles, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments presents in-depth information about freshwater environments and how they are influenced by regulation. It provides a holistic approach, exploring the factors that impact water quality and quantity, and the regulations, policy and management methods that are necessary to maintain this vital resource. It offers a historical viewpoint as well as an overview and foundation of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics affecting the management of freshwater environments.

The book concentrates on broad and general concepts, providing an interdisciplinary foundation. The author covers the methods of measurement and classification; chemical, physical, and biological characteristics; indicators of ecological health; and management and restoration. He also considers common indicators of environmental health; characteristics and operations of regulatory control structures; applicable laws and regulations; and restoration methods.

The text delves into rivers and streams in the first half and lakes and reservoirs in the second half. Each section centers on the characteristics of those systems and methods of classification, and then moves on to discuss the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of each. In the section on lakes and reservoirs, it examines the characteristics and operations of regulatory structures, and presents the methods commonly used to assess the environmental health or integrity of these water bodies. It also introduces considerations for restoration, and presents two unique aquatic environments: wetlands and reservoir tailwaters.

Written from an engineering perspective, the book is an ideal introduction to the aquatic and limnological sciences for students of environmental science, as well as students of environmental engineering.

It also serves as a reference for engineers and scientists involved in the management, regulation, or restoration of freshwater environments.



Hydro-Environmental Analysis, or What Is in a Name?

Hydrologic Cycle

Patterns in Water Management in the United States


Part I Rivers and Streams

Rivers and Streams, Characteristics

Let the Confusion Begin

Characteristics of Rivers and Streams


Regulated Rivers


Flow Modification Structures

Channel Modifications


Abstractions and Augmentation

Introduction to U.S. Water Law

Management Alternatives


Flows and Transport in Rivers: Measurement and Analysis


Watershed Impacts

Stages of Measuring Flow

Characterization and Analysis of Flow

Transport Patterns

Methods for Determining Instream Flow Requirements:

Environmental Flows

Selected Water Quality Processes in Rivers and Streams





Dissolved Oxygen



Toxic Materials.


Biota of Rivers and Streams: An Introduction

Spatial Scale and Distribution



Sources and Distribution of Organic Matter


Measures of the Health of Rivers and Streams


Ambient Water Quality Criteria

Minimum Flows (Or How Much Water Does a River Need, and When?)

Habitat Requirements

Indicator Organisms

Rapid Bioassessments

Biological Diversity

Biological Integrity

Invasive Species


Introduction to Stream Restoration


Anthropogenic Impacts

Restoration Goals and Guiding Principals

Restoration Intent and Techniques


Part II Lakes and Reservoirs

Introduction to Lakes and Reservoirs: Geomorphology and Classification

What Is a Lake, or a Reservoir?

General Characteristics

Brief History of Limnology

Overview of Origin and Size


Those Dammed Lakes

Reservoirs (Dammed Rivers)

Project Purposes: Storage and Pool Level Control

Types of Dams

Conveyance Structures

Pretty Dammed Old (Dam Failures and Dam Safety)

Decommissioning/Removing Dams


Zones and Shapes in Lakes and Reservoirs


Lake Zonation and Nomenclature

Lake Basin and Characteristics


Light and Heat in Lakes and Reservoirs

Distribution of Light and Heat Exchange

Light and Water Interactions

Surface Heat Balance

Water Density

Lake Stratification

Classification Based on Mixing

Ice Formation and Cover


Transport and Mixing Processes in Lakes and Reservoirs


Water Movement: Waves, Currents, and Inflows

What about Dams?


Chemical and Water Quality Kinetic Characteristics and Processes

Dissolved Gases

Total Dissolved Gas

Oxic versus Anoxic Reservoir Processes




pH, Alkalinity, and CO

Sulfides and Sulfates

Iron and Manganese



Biota of Lakes and Reservoirs


Factors Affecting Distribution

Characteristics of Organisms by Zone

Invasive Species.


Lake Production, Succession, and Eutrophication

Primary and Secondary Productivity

Geologic Lake Succession


Metrics for Eutrophication


Restoration and Management of Lakes and Reservoirs

Lake Management and Restoration

Clean Water Act

Control and Management of Sedimentation

Control of Algae

Aquatic Plant Management

Fish and Fisheries Management


Dam Tailwaters

Introduction and Issues

Dam Releases and Impacts

Regulatory Issues

Methods to Improve Tailwater Quality


Freshwater Wetlands: An Introduction


Wetland Types

Wetland Identification and Classification

Wetland Trends: Historical

Wetlands and the CWA

Swampbuster Provisions

Wetland Restoration and Construction



Author Bio

James Lenial Martin is professor of civil engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Mississippi State University. His degrees include a bachelor of science in wildlife science from Texas A&M, a bachelor of science in civil engineering from Texas A&M, a master of science in biology from Southwest Texas State University, and a PhD in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Texas A&M. He has more than 30 years of experience conducting and managing water quality modeling projects and developing and applying models of hydrodynamics and water quality. He has authored/coauthored over 100 technical reports and publications.

Name: Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By James L. Martin. Focusing on fundamental principles, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments presents in-depth information about freshwater environments and how they are influenced by regulation. It provides a holistic approach, exploring the factors that...
Categories: Water Engineering, Water Science, Environmental Chemistry