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Hydro-Environmental Analysis

Freshwater Environments

By James L. Martin

CRC Press – 2013 – 567 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $129.95
    978-1-48-220607-4
    December 4th 2013

Description

Focusing on fundamental principles, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments presents in-depth information about freshwater environments and how they are influenced by regulation. It provides a holistic approach, exploring the factors that impact water quality and quantity, and the regulations, policy and management methods that are necessary to maintain this vital resource. It offers a historical viewpoint as well as an overview and foundation of the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics affecting the management of freshwater environments.

The book concentrates on broad and general concepts, providing an interdisciplinary foundation. The author covers the methods of measurement and classification; chemical, physical, and biological characteristics; indicators of ecological health; and management and restoration. He also considers common indicators of environmental health; characteristics and operations of regulatory control structures; applicable laws and regulations; and restoration methods.

The text delves into rivers and streams in the first half and lakes and reservoirs in the second half. Each section centers on the characteristics of those systems and methods of classification, and then moves on to discuss the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of each. In the section on lakes and reservoirs, it examines the characteristics and operations of regulatory structures, and presents the methods commonly used to assess the environmental health or integrity of these water bodies. It also introduces considerations for restoration, and presents two unique aquatic environments: wetlands and reservoir tailwaters.

Written from an engineering perspective, the book is an ideal introduction to the aquatic and limnological sciences for students of environmental science, as well as students of environmental engineering.

It also serves as a reference for engineers and scientists involved in the management, regulation, or restoration of freshwater environments.

Contents

Introduction

Hydro-Environmental Analysis, or What Is in a Name?

Hydrologic Cycle

Patterns in Water Management in the United States

References

Part I Rivers and Streams

Rivers and Streams, Characteristics

Let the Confusion Begin

Characteristics of Rivers and Streams

References

Regulated Rivers

Introduction

Flow Modification Structures

Channel Modifications

Watersheds

Abstractions and Augmentation

Introduction to U.S. Water Law

Management Alternatives

References

Flows and Transport in Rivers: Measurement and Analysis

Introduction

Watershed Impacts

Stages of Measuring Flow

Characterization and Analysis of Flow

Transport Patterns

Methods for Determining Instream Flow Requirements:

Environmental Flows

Selected Water Quality Processes in Rivers and Streams

Introduction

Light

Temperature

Sedimentation

Dissolved Oxygen

pH

Nutrients

Toxic Materials.

References

Biota of Rivers and Streams: An Introduction

Spatial Scale and Distribution

Autotrophs

Heterotrophs

Sources and Distribution of Organic Matter

References

Measures of the Health of Rivers and Streams

Introduction

Ambient Water Quality Criteria

Minimum Flows (Or How Much Water Does a River Need, and When?)

Habitat Requirements

Indicator Organisms

Rapid Bioassessments

Biological Diversity

Biological Integrity

Invasive Species

References

Introduction to Stream Restoration

Introduction

Anthropogenic Impacts

Restoration Goals and Guiding Principals

Restoration Intent and Techniques

References

Part II Lakes and Reservoirs

Introduction to Lakes and Reservoirs: Geomorphology and Classification

What Is a Lake, or a Reservoir?

General Characteristics

Brief History of Limnology

Overview of Origin and Size

References

Those Dammed Lakes

Reservoirs (Dammed Rivers)

Project Purposes: Storage and Pool Level Control

Types of Dams

Conveyance Structures

Pretty Dammed Old (Dam Failures and Dam Safety)

Decommissioning/Removing Dams

References

Zones and Shapes in Lakes and Reservoirs

Introduction

Lake Zonation and Nomenclature

Lake Basin and Characteristics

References

Light and Heat in Lakes and Reservoirs

Distribution of Light and Heat Exchange

Light and Water Interactions

Surface Heat Balance

Water Density

Lake Stratification

Classification Based on Mixing

Ice Formation and Cover

References

Transport and Mixing Processes in Lakes and Reservoirs

Introduction

Water Movement: Waves, Currents, and Inflows

What about Dams?

References

Chemical and Water Quality Kinetic Characteristics and Processes

Dissolved Gases

Total Dissolved Gas

Oxic versus Anoxic Reservoir Processes

Oxygen

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

pH, Alkalinity, and CO

Sulfides and Sulfates

Iron and Manganese

Methane

References

Biota of Lakes and Reservoirs

Classification

Factors Affecting Distribution

Characteristics of Organisms by Zone

Invasive Species.

References

Lake Production, Succession, and Eutrophication

Primary and Secondary Productivity

Geologic Lake Succession

Eutrophication

Metrics for Eutrophication

References.

Restoration and Management of Lakes and Reservoirs

Lake Management and Restoration

Clean Water Act

Control and Management of Sedimentation

Control of Algae

Aquatic Plant Management

Fish and Fisheries Management

References

Dam Tailwaters

Introduction and Issues

Dam Releases and Impacts

Regulatory Issues

Methods to Improve Tailwater Quality

References

Freshwater Wetlands: An Introduction

Introduction

Wetland Types

Wetland Identification and Classification

Wetland Trends: Historical

Wetlands and the CWA

Swampbuster Provisions

Wetland Restoration and Construction

References

Index

Author Bio

James Lenial Martin is professor of civil engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Mississippi State University. His degrees include a bachelor of science in wildlife science from Texas A&M, a bachelor of science in civil engineering from Texas A&M, a master of science in biology from Southwest Texas State University, and a PhD in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Texas A&M. He has more than 30 years of experience conducting and managing water quality modeling projects and developing and applying models of hydrodynamics and water quality. He has authored/coauthored over 100 technical reports and publications.

Name: Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By James L. Martin. Focusing on fundamental principles, Hydro-Environmental Analysis: Freshwater Environments presents in-depth information about freshwater environments and how they are influenced by regulation. It provides a holistic approach, exploring the factors that...
Categories: Water Engineering, Water Science, Environmental Chemistry