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  • Add to CartHardback: $99.95
    978-1-56670-272-0
    September 28th 2000

Description

Thermodynamics is used increasingly in ecology to understand the system properties of ecosystems because it is a basic science that describes energy transformation from a holistic view. In the last decade, many contributions to ecosystem theory based on thermodynamics have been published, therefore an important step toward integrating these theories and encouraging a more wide spread use of them is to present them in one volume.

An ecosystem consists of interdependent living organisms that are also interdependent with their environment, all of which are involved in a constant transfer of energy and mass within a general state of equilibrium or dis-equilibrium. Thermodynamics can quantify exactly how "organized" or "disorganized" a system is - an extremely useful to know when trying to understand how a dynamic ecosystem is behaving.

A part of the Environmental and Ecological (Math) Modeling series, Thermodynamics and Ecology is a book-length study - the first of its kind - of the current thinking on how an ecosystem can be explained and predicted in terms of its thermodynamical behavior. After the introductory chapters on the fundamentals of thermodynamics, the book explains how thermodynamic theory can be specifically applied to the "measurement" of an ecosystem, including the assessment of its state of entropy and enthalpy. Additionally, it will show economists how to put these theories to use when trying to quantify the movement of goods and services through another type of complex living system - a human society.

Contents

Introduction, S.E. Jørgensen

Exosomatic Structures and Captive Energies Relevant in Succession and Evolution, R. Margalef

How Light and Nutrients Affect Life in a Closed Bottle, S.A.L. M. Kooijman and R. M. Nisbet

Emergy Accounting of Human-Dominated, Large-Scale Ecosystems, S. Ulgiati and M.T. Brown

Thermodynamics and Theory of Stability, Y.M. Svirezhev

Application of Thermodynamic Concepts to Real Ecosystems: Anthropogenic Impact and Agriculture, Y. Svirezhev

The Thermodynamic Concept: Exergy, S.E. Jørgensen

Entropy and the Exergy Principles in Living Systems, I. Aoki

Exergy and Emergence of Multidimensional System Orientation, H. Bossel

Thermodynamics and Ecology: Far From Thermodynamics Equilibrium, Y.M. Svirzhev

Imperfect Symmetry: Action Principles in Ecology and Evolution, L. Johnson

The Third Law of Thermodynamics Applied in Ecosystem Theory, S.E. Jørgensen

A Tentative Fourth Law of Thermodynamics, S.E. Jørgensen

Thermodynamics of the Biosphere, Y.M. Svirezhev

Index

Name: Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Sven E. JorgensenSeries Editor: Sven E. JorgensenContributors: M.T. Brown, Hartmut Bossel, S.A.L.M. Kooijman, Lionel Johnson, Roger Nisbet, Yuri Svirezhev, Sergio Ulgiati, Ramon Margalef. Thermodynamics is used increasingly in ecology to understand the system properties of ecosystems because it is a basic science that describes energy transformation from a holistic view. In the last decade, many contributions to ecosystem theory based on...
Categories: Environmental Modelling, Environmental & Ecological Toxicology