Chapter 1. Basic Biological Factors. Chapter 2. The Brain and Biochemistry. Chapter 3. Health/Illness Factors. Chapter 4. Perceptual, Motor, and Emotional Factors. Chapter 5. Intellectual, Cognitive, Self-Concept, and Mental Health/Illness Factors. Chapter 6. Preferences, Interests, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Intentions. Chapter 7. Drug, Therapeutic, and Stress-Related Effects and Responses. Chapter 8. Personality and General Behavior. Chapter 9. Social Behavior. Chapter 10. Consuming and Individual-Institutional Behavior. Chapter 11. Status and Work-Related Behavior. Chapter 12. Attitudes and Actions toward Others Based on Their Gender. Chapter 13. Grand Summary.