Drugs and Crime
By Philip Bean
Willan – 2008 – 320 pages
A high proportion of crimes committed in Britain are drugs-related, with many offenders reporting drug use prior to the commission of their offence. However, the direct link between drug taking and crime is often less clear than is supposed if only because many of those offenders would have committed offences anyway, and these offences need to be separated from those that are directly caused by drugs. Attempts to address many of these and related issues have been bedevilled by misunderstanding and a lack of consensus on the nature of the relationship between drugs and crime.
This book is a major contribution to this debate, and provides an authoritative and much-needed overview of the range of issues associated with drugs-related crime. The author pays particular attention to policing drugs and drug markets and the way they operate, so that a central theme of the book is the importance of reducing supply at local, national and international levels. Accordingly there are chapters on the drugs-crime link, sentencing drug offenders, policing drug offenders including the use of informers, coercive treatment, trafficking and laundering, and on gender issues, including the treatment of women drug users.
This updated and expanded new edition builds upon the strengths earlier editions of the book. It has been updated throughout, includes new information on police tactics such as 'stop and search' and 'test purchase', and has an entirely new chapter on the legalisation debate.
1. Drugs and crime: an overview. Extent of drug use. An assessment. An historical approach to theories linking drugs to crime 2. Drugs and crime: theoretical assumptions. Introduction. The three major explanatory models. An overview 3. Sentencing drug offenders. Producing the data. An overview of the legal position. Some concluding comments 4. Coercive treatment and mandatory drug testing. The aims and nature of treatment. Coercive or enforced treatment of substance abuse. Mandatory drug testing. An overview of the types of tests available. Likely errors and ways of tampering with the tests. Some legal and social issues concerning testing. Conclusion 5. The Drug Treatment and Testing Order and drug courts.The pilot studies. Drug courts. Some additional comments. Drug courts and the DTTO: a comparison. Drug courts in Scotland and Ireland. An overview and summary. Improving treatment services 6. Trafficking and laundering.Trafficking − an overview. International cooperation. Drug dealing within Britain. Money laundering. Confiscation orders 7. Policing drug markets. Policing policy. Drug markets generally. The impact of policing. Assessing the effectiveness of policing. Policing professional organisations 8. Informers and corruption. The legal authority for informers. Protecting the informer. Reducing the sentence. Informers: who are they, and how to control them?. Informers and drug dealing. The special case of juveniles. Corruption. Corruption and policing. Conclusion 9. Women, drugs and crime.Women, health and social norms. Women drug users, crime and prison. Women as users and dealers. Women in treatment. A note on juveniles 10. The legalisation debate. The major positions − ideal types. The two major sets of arguments. An assessment 11. Suggestions for the way forward.The 1960s and beyond. Contributions from the drugs and crime debate and beyond
Philip Beanis one of the UK's leading authorities on drugs and crime,and has published widely in this field. He is Emeritus Professor of Criminology at Loughborough University, and a former director of the Midlands Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice. He was also president of the British Criminological Society, (1996-1999) and is currently an Associate of the General Medical Council. His most recent book is Madness and Crime, published by Willan in 2007.