Governing Marine Protected Areas
Resilience through Diversity
Routledge – 2014 – 256 pages
Series: Earthscan Oceans
In this innovative volume, the author addresses some important challenges related to the effective and equitable governance of marine protected areas (MPAs). These challenges are explored through a study of 20 MPA case studies from around the world. A novel governance analysis framework is employed to address some key questions: How can top-down and bottom-up approaches to MPA governance be combined? What does this mean, in reality, in different contexts? How can we develop and implement governance approaches that are both effective in achieving conservation objectives and equitable in fairly sharing associated costs and benefits?
The author explores the many issues that these questions raise, as well as exploring options for addressing them. A key theme is that MPA governance needs to combine people, state and market approaches, rather than being based on one approach and its related ideals. Building on a critique of the governance analysis framework developed for common-pool resources, the author puts forward a more holistic and less prescriptive framework for deconstructing and analyzing the governance of MPAs. This inter-disciplinary analysis is aimed at supporting the development of MPA governance approaches that build social-ecological resilience through both institutional and biological diversity. It will also make a significant contribution to wider debates on natural resource governance, as it poses some critical questions for contemporary approaches to related research and offers an alternative theoretical and empirical approach.
"This book addresses the challenges of implementing and effectively managing MPAs for narrower habitat protection. It also places MPAs in the broader context in terms of both governance and ecological theories. These issues are addressed in a novel, thorough and inter-disciplinary way, reflecting the broader trans-disciplinary contexts of conservation within the marine spatial management of fisheries, water quality, and the impacts of climate change through ocean warming, acidification and changing coastal dynamics… This is an important contribution to the field of marine conservation and natural resource management." – Richard Kenchington, Professor, Ecosystem and Resource Management, Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security, University of Wollongong.
1. Introduction to Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
2. Objectives of MPAs
3. Differences and Divergences
4. Different Theoretical Perspectives on Governance
5. Empirical Framework for Analysing MPA Governance
6. Overview of Case Studies
7. Incentives for Effectiveness
8. Resilience through Diversity
Peter Jones is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Geography, University College London (UCL). He has spent more than 20 years undertaking interdisciplinary and applied research on the governance of human uses of marine resources, particularly in relation to marine protected areas (MPAs) and marine spatial planning (MSP). He has provided advice to many national and international organisations on MPA and MSP issues, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Convention on Biological Diversity, the European Commission and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). He is also a Ministerial Appointee to the Sussex Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authority. He enjoys life by the sea near Brighton with his wife and two children.