Dedication. Acknowledgements. List of Figures, Tables and Boxes. Notes on Contributors. Preface. Acronyms and abbreviations. 1. Introduction: A Treaty to Fight Hunger: Past Negotiations, Present Situation, and Future Challenges. Part I: Perspectives on the Treaty by Regions in the World. 2. Overview of Regional Approaches: The Negotiating Process of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. 3. The African Regional Group: Creating Fair Play Between North and South. 4. The Asian Regional Group. 5. The European Regional Group: Europe's Role and Positions During the Negotiations and Early Implementation of the International Treaty. 6. The Latin American and Caribbean Regional Group: A Long and Successful Process for the Protection, Conservation and Enhancing of PGRFA. 7. The Near East Regional Group: Centring the Diversity for Unlocking the Genetic Potential. 8. The North American Regional Group: Globalization that Works. 9. The South West Pacific Regional Group: Pacific Island Countries and Territories. Part II: Perspectives on the Treaty by Stakeholders in the World Food Chain. 10. International Non-Governmental Organizations: The Hundred Year (or so) Seed War: Seeds, Sovereignty and Civil Society. A Historical Perspective on the Evolution of 'The Law of the Seed'. 11. International Research Centres: The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research and the International Treaty. 12. The Seed Industry: Plant Breeding and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. 13. Farmers' Communities: A Reflection on the Treaty from Small Farmers' Perspectives. 14. Genebank Curators: Towards Implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture by the Indian National Genebank. 15. Plant Breeders: The Point of View of a Plant Breeder on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. 16. The Global Crop Diversity Trust: An Essential Element of the Treaty's Funding Strategy Geoffrey Hawtin, CIAT. 17. Consumers: Biodiversity is a Common Good. Part III Experts' Views on Future Challenges in Implementing the Treaty: Trust and Benefit-sharing as the key. 18. Our Heritage is Our Future: Humankind's Responsibility for Food Security. 19. An Innovative and Transparent Option for Royalty Payment Under the ITPGRFA: Implementing the Article 6.11 Crop-related Modality of the SMTA. 20. Conclusions by the Editors: Summary and Analysis of Issues Raised by Authors and Further Development of Possible Ways Forward. Index.