The Equitable Forest
"Diversity, Community, and Resource Management"
Edited by Carol J. Pierce Colfer
Routledge – 2004 – 352 pages
Routledge – 2004 – 352 pages
While there continues to be refinement in defining and assessing sustainable management, there remains the urgent need for policies that create the conditions that support sustainability and can halt or slow destructive practices already underway. Carol Colfer and her contributors maintain that standardized solutions to forest problems from afar have failed to address both human and environmental needs. Such approaches, they argue, often neglect the knowledge that local stakeholders have accumulated over generations as forest managers and do not address issues involving the diversity and well-being of groups within communities. The contributors note that these problems persist despite clear evidence that equity and social relationships, including gender roles, are important factors in the ways that communities adapt to change and manage forest resources overall. The Equitable Forest offers an alternative to traditional, externally organized strategies for forest management. Termed adaptive collaborative management (ACM), the approach tries to better acknowledge the diversity, complexity, and unpredictability of human and natural systems. ACM works to strengthen local institutions and use the knowledge and capacity of groups in local communities to enhance the health and well-being of both forests and the people who live in and around them. The Equitable Forest provides a detailed explanation of the descriptive, analytical, and methodological tools of ACM, along with accounts of early stages of its implementation in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Although the contributors make it clear that it is too soon to evaluate the efficacy of ACM, their work is supported by evidence that rural communities do make important contributions when involved in formal forest management; that management strategies are most effective when flexible and tailored to local contexts; and that efforts by outside governmental and nongovernmental organizations to support local management are feasible from the policymaking perspective, and desirable for their impact on human, economic, and environmental well-being.
'Offers an in-depth presentation of adaptive collaborative management and details its analytical and methodological tools, with convincing examples from many countries. . . .A valuable source of information about the ways in which participatory research and action can best contribute to the conservation of forests.' Natural Resources Forum
Foreword by Angela Cropper About the Contributors Acknowledgments INTRODUCTION The Struggle for Equity in Forest Management Carol J. Pierce Colfer PART I. ASIA 1. Negotiating More Than Boundaries in Indonesia Njau Anau, Ramses Iwan, Miriam van Heist, Godwin Limberg, Made Sudana, and Eva Wollenberg 2. Dealing with Overlapping Access Rights in Indonesia Stepi Hakim 3. Participation and Decisionmaking in Nepal Sushma Dangol 4. Scientists in Social Encounters: The Case for an Engaged Practice of Science Mariteuw Chim�re Diaw and Trikurnianti Kusumanto PART II. AFRICA 5. From Diversity to Exclusion for Forest Minorities in Cameroon Phil Ren� Oyono 6. Women in Campo-Ma�an National Park: Uncertainties and Adaptations in Cameroon Anne Marie Tiani, George Akwah, and Joachim Ngui�bouri 7. Women, Decisionmaking, and Resource Management in Zimbabwe Nontokozo Nemarundwe 8. Becoming Men in Our Dresses! Women�s Involvement in a Joint Forestry Management Project in Zimbabwe Bevlyne Sithole 9. Learning Amongst Ourselves: Adaptive Forest Management through Social Learning in Zimbabwe Tendayi Mutimukuru, Richard Nyirenda, and Frank Matose PART III. SOUTH AMERICA 10. Intrahousehold Differences in Natural Resource Management in Peru and Brazil Constance Campbell, Avecita Chicch�n, Marianne Schmink, and Richard Piland 11. Improving Collaboration between Outsiders and Communities in the Amazon Benno Pokorny, Guilhermina Cayres, and Westphalen Nu�es 12. Diversity in Living Gender: Two Cases from the Brazilian Amazon Noemi Miyasaki Porro and Samantha Stone 13. Gender, Participation, and the Strengthening of Indigenous Forest Management in Bolivia Peter Cronkleton 14. Women�s Place Is Not in the Forest: Gender Issues in a Timber Management Project in Bolivia Omaira Bola�os and Marianne Schmink CONCLUSION Implications of Adaptive Collaborative Management for More Equitable Forest Management Carol J. Pierce Colfer References Index
Carol J. Pierce Colfer is a team leader of the CIFOR program Local People, Devolution, and Adaptive Collaborative Management of Forests and the coeditor of People Managing Forests: The Links Between Human Well-Being and Sustainability and Which Way Forward?: People, Forests, and Policymaking in Indonesia.