Chapter 7: Capturing Context and Tone: Using Words, Pictures and Sound
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Bruce Lerch, a Boston area high school sports reporter, explains how he is always multitasking when he practices convergence journalism at a high school game.
Bruce Lerch, a Boston area high school sports reporter, outlines how he plans for and gathers his visuals when covering a sporting event.
Bruce Lerch, a Boston area high school sports reporter, says Twitter and message boards are key to connecting his reporting with interested audiences.
Scott Barboza, who covers high school sports for ESPNBoston.com, says convergence journalism has enabled him to not only find an audience but also a community where he can find sources and story ideas.
John Katsilometes, multimedia columnist for the Las Vegas Sun and lasvegassun.com, points out that his thinking about a story goes beyond writing to how different media can add texture to a story.
- Go to a local outdoor park to chronicle activity in the park by shooting still photos. Remember to think about framing, the rule of thirds. Each of you should shoot enough video so you can put together a :30–:40 demonstration video.
- Pair up with another student in the class and chronicle the other person learning to shoot a video. Each of you should shoot enough video so you can put together a :30–:40 demonstration video.
- Go to a local outdoor park to chronicle activity in the park by shooting video. You can work in pairs as you get used to using the equipment. Remember to think about sequencing. Each of you should shoot enough video so you can put together a :30–:40 demonstration video.
- Pair up with another student in the class and chronicle a four-hour block of the day. Choices could include a) morning from getting up through a first class or b) midday including classes, work, meals, and c) your choice is to 1) use still pictures and audio (natural sound and interviews) to make a slideshow or 2) use video and audio (natural sound and interviews).
- Using the data provided on a spreadsheet for a local school district, create a pie chart, bar graph, and/or fever chart (which tracks changes over time) of enrollment. A pie chart could show percentage of enrollment for the different grades. A fever chart could track how enrollment has changed over the past five years. A bar graph could compare enrollments over several years.
- Using the data provided on a spreadsheet for a local school district, create a pie chart, bar graph, and/or fever chart (which tracks changes over time) of school district revenues. A pie chart could show percentage of revenue from different sources. A fever chart could track how revenue has changed over the past five years. A bar graph could compare different revenue sources over several years.
Links to stories and journalists mentioned
Photographer Karena Cawthon
Links to good examples of audio, video, still pictures, slideshows
National Press Photographers Association
Check out NPPA’s monthly “Best of…” contest winners. Annual winners’ submissions can also be found for photos, slideshows, videos, and multimedia.
National Public Radio
Check out NPR’s audio reports as well as slideshows and other multimedia presentations.
White House News Photographers Association
Check out the winners in its Eyes of History 2012 contest for still, video, and new media.
Links to articles and websites about using visuals and graphics
Ken Kobré and Videojournalism: Multimedia Storytelling
Ken Kobré’s book and website provide example, tutorials, and links relating to best videojournalism on the web.
Developing maps for journalists
A Washington, DC, firm helps news outlets develop sophisticated ways of visualizing data.
Articles about “best practices: visual journalism”
By creating USA Today’s weather map, a news art revolutionary set the tone for modern design.
Want to correct misinformation? Try doing it with a graphic
Links to articles about using audio and video
Voicing the story: The art and craft of podcast narration
Future of journalism: Internet audio and radio
What is podcasting?
Music use in multimedia: Pitfalls and concerns
How online audio tools can help journalists
9 key elements that can help journalists be better video storytellers
5 types of photos that make for strong photo essays, audio slideshows
Want to keep mobile users engaged longer? Just add audio
Sound reporting: The NPR guide to audio journalism and production.
Why photojournalists should gather audio
Videosmith: The must-have’s
The future for web publishers [video]
YouTube helps video journalists get a start
Best practices: How online video improves journalism
The video explosion
Guidelines for live coverage
An antidote for web overload
NewsLab journalism resource and training website
Barboza, S. (2011, July 19). High school sports reporter, espnboston.com. (J. Kolodzy, Interviewer).
Cawthon, K. (2011, June 24). Photographer. (J. Kolodzy, Interviewer).
DCruze, R. (2010, March). 14 inspiring and useful photojournalism tips. Retrieved June 16, 2011, from photoradar.com: http://www.photoradar.com/techniques/tips/14-inspiring-and-useful-photojournalism-tips?page=0%2C0.
Kern, J. (2008). Sound Reporting: The NPR Guide to Audio Journalism and Production. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kobré, K. (2004). Photojournalism, the Professionals’ Approach. Amsterdam, Boston: Focal Press.
Layman, T. (2011, July). High school sports reporter. (J. Kolodzy, Interviewer).
Lerch, B. (2012, January 6). High school sports reporter. (J. Kolodzy, Interviewer).
McCombs, R. (2011, March 31). Music in multimedia: Add sparingly, not as a crutch. Retrieved May 24, 2011, from poynter.org: http://www.poynter.org/how-tos/newsgathering-storytelling/94672/music-in-multimedia-add-sparingly-not-as-a-crutch/.
Mitt Romney launches presidential campaign. (2011, June 2). Retrieved June 7, 2011, from mittromney.com: http://mittromney.com/press/2011/06/mitt-romney-launches-presidential-campaign.
NPPA code of ethics. (2007). Retrieved June 3, 2011, from nppa.org.
Potter, D. (2009, November 11). Tips for shooting breaking news. Retrieved July 1, 2011, from newslab.org: www.newslab.or/2009/11/11/tips-for-shooting-breaking-news/.
Rasmussen, T. (2010, August). Asst. Managing Editor of Photography, Denver Post. (J. Kolodzy, Interviewer).
Romney announces 2nd try for GOP nomination. (2011, June 2). Retrieved June 13, 2011, from cbsnews.com: http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7368206n&tag=mncol;lst;1.
USA Today snapshots. (2011, June 2). Retrieved June 2, 2011, from usatoday.com: http://www.usatoday.com/news/snapshot.htm?section=L#.