Useful Web Resources

The Internet teems with material on Islam, both good and bad. It is especially a very suitable resource for acquiring images and maps. Many classical and modern texts may also be found in translation. Note that films found on the Internet are treated in the section “Film, Video and Audio Material” on this website.

The material in this section is organized under the following headings:

General Information and Link Collections
Pre-Islamic Times
The Qurʾān
Theology and Philosophy
Art and Architecture
Modern Issues

General Information and Link Collections
This site, maintained by Prof. A. Godlas at the University of Georgia, is by far the best academically oriented site and the place to begin most searches for information. A wide-ranging, although somewhat spotty, list of links that includes material under the following headings: Digital Library, General Links, Islamic Law, Women in Islam, Islam in China, Islam in America, Middle East & North Africa Studies, Arabic Language Study, and Taliban / Al-Qaeda / Bin Laden. Free access is available to this excellent scholarly reference, the Encyclopaedia Iranica.

Date converters are available at and

Pre-Islamic Times

The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History covers the background to and the rise of Islam extensively. See the sections Arabian Peninsula, 500–1000 A.D. and The Eastern Mediterranean, 500–1000 A.D. and the entries there under “related content.” Also see the section Trade between Europe and Asia in Antiquity  for a broad sense of ancient trade routes.

Maps of the Arabian peninsula are available at: showing elevation. showing vegetation.

Also: for elevation and vegetation,
and for seeing ancient place names.

The Qurʾān

The Qurʾān is available online in many forms, with translations and recitations abounding. The following sites are worth investigating: Allows the Arabic text to be downloaded and many translations and recitations consulted (through the link to (requires Adobe Flash) Very functional with clear “book” metaphor for the presentation. Also provides word-by-word analysis and various linguistic approaches. Aophisticated “Online Quran Project”.

A useful comparison between the narratives and themes of the Bible and the Qurʾān is available at .

Qurʾān manuscripts are illustrated on many sites also: For the Sanʿa manuscripts. Sultan Baybar’s Qurʾān; a presentation of a fourteenth-century Qurʾān in the British Library. The King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Qur’ān provides access to a large collection of sample manuscript pages as well as other resources.
For the Berlin project on documenting the history of the text of the Qurʾān (“Corpus Coranicum”), see:

The Internet has become an arena for a good deal of Muslim–Christian polemic especially regarding the Qurʾān and Muḥammad. Much scholarly information is available at these sites, but frequently it is presented in context that makes it difficult to assess the objectivity of the material. The major Muslim site which declares its purpose to be “to educate Muslims about the questions and issues frequently raised by the Christian missionaries and Orientalists”. Although called “A Christian-Muslim dialogue” this is the main Christian site dedicated to countering claims about Islam and promoting the truth of Christianity.


Books of ḥadīth, translated into English, may be searched at: Works available here include al-Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd (partial) and Mālik ibn Anas, Muwaṭṭaʾ.

The same books are at and may be browsed through, chapter by chapter. Adds al-Tirmidhī and is in the process (October 2010) of adding additional texts.

The books can be downloaded (as well as searched) at

History Fordham University Internet History project with a significant collection of original and secondary source material in their Medieval Sourcebook. With a special interest in the history of science.

Theology and Philosophy An extensive collection of books, sources and bibliography on theology and philosophy.

Ritual An interesting collection of Muslim links, especially for finding details on rituals and current issues. A 3-D visit to the Kaʿba along with other mosques.

Press releases from the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington, DC, USA are the best way to get up-to-date statistics on the ḥajj and news of further developments in the facilities:

Art and Architecture This has more general views of Islamic art. This is an enormous resource “for architects, planners, urban designers, landscape architects, conservationists, and scholars, with a focus on Muslim cultures and civilisations.”

Many museums make some of their Islamic collections available online. Extensive collections are found at: (“Museum with no Frontiers”)

Women Muslim Women’s Homepage with a focus on women’s issues.

Modern Issues Gary Bunt’s research on Islam and Muslims in cyberspace, “Virtually Islamic: Research and News about Islam in the Digital Age.” Insight on Islam and the Middle East from academic commentators with a special interest in gender issues, terrorism and expressions of intolerance.


Several web sites are dedicated to tracing Islamophobia in the media: and are among them.