Further Reading

General reading

  • Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Buffetrille, Katia. Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China’s 100 Questions. Berkeley, LA and London: University of California Press, 2008.
  • Kapstein, Matthew T. The Tibetans. Malden, MA and Oxford: Blackwell, 2006.
  • Lopez, Donald S. Religions of Tibet in Practice. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997.
  • Ringu Tulku. The Ri-Me Philosophy of Jamgön Kongtrul the Great: A Study of the Buddhist Lineages of Tibet. Boston and London: Shambhala, 2006.
  • Samuel, Geoffrey. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.
  • Snellgrove, David L. and Hugh E. Richardson. A Cultural History of Tibet. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1968.
  • Tucci, Giuseppe. The Religions of Tibet. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1980.

Some Tibetan books in translation

  • Chang, Garma Chen-chi. The Hundred Thousand Songs of Milarepa. 2 vols. Boulder, CO and London: Shambhala, 1977.
  • Dalai Lama, 1st. Bridging the Sutras and Tantras: A Collection of Ten Minor Works by Gyalwa Gendun Drub, the First Dalai Lama. Edited and translated by Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca, NY: Gabriel/Snow Lion, 1982.
  • Dalai Lama, 2nd. Selected Works of the Dalai Lama II. Edited and translated by Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1985.
  • Dalai Lama, 3rd. Essence of Refined Gold, by the Third Dalai Lama, with related texts by the Second and Seventh Dalai Lamas. Translated by Glenn H. Mullin. Dharamsala: Tushita, 1978.
  • Dalai Lama, 7th. Songs of Spiritual Change [by] Gyalwa Kalzang Gyats'o, the Seventh Dalai Lama. Edited and translated by Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca, NY: Gabriel/Snow Lion, 1982.
  • Dalai Lama, 13th. Path of the Bodhisattva Warrior: The Life and Teachings of the Thirteenth Dalai Lama. Edited and translated by Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1988.
  • Dalai Lama, 14th. My Land and My people. Warner Books, 1998.
  • Dowman, Keith (trans.) The Divine Madman: The Sublime Life and Songs of Drukpa Kunley. London: Rider, 1980.
  • Dudjom Rinpoche, H.H. The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism: Its Fundamentals and History. Translated and edited by Gyurme Dorje and Matthew Kapstein. 2 vols. Boston, MA: Wisdom Publications, 1991.
  • Gampopa. The Jewel Ornament of Liberation. Edited and translated by Herbert V. Guenther. London: Rider, 1970.
  • Kongtrul, Jamgön. The Autobiography of Jamgön Kongtrul: A Gem of Many Colours. Translated and edited by Richard Barron. Ithaca, NY and Boulder, CO: Snow Lion, 2003.
  • Kunsang, Erik Pema (trans.). The Lotus-Born: The Life Story of Padmasambhava. Boston and London: Shambhala, 1993.
  • Lama Kunga Rimpoche and Brian Cutillo (ed. and trans.). Drinking the Mountain Stream: Further Stories and Songs of Milarepa, Yogin, Poet, and Teacher of Tibet. New York: Lotsawa, 1978.
  • Lhalungpa, Lobsang P. (trans.) The Life of Milarepa: A New Translation from the Tibetan. Frogmore, Granada, 1979.
  • Obermiller, E. History of Buddhism (Chos-hbyung by Bu-ston). 2 vols. Heidelberg, in Kommission bei Otto Harrassowitz, Leipzig, 1932–33.
  • Pabongka Rinpoche. Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand: Concise Discourse on the Path to Enlightenment. Edited by Trijang Rinpoche. Translated by Michael Richards. Rev. edn., Wisdom 1993.
  • Patrul Rinpoche. Words of My Perfect Teacher. Translated by Padmakara Translation Group. 2nd edn. Boston, MA: Shambhala, 1999.
  • Ricard, Matthieu (trans.). The Life of Shabkar: The Autobiography of a Tibetan Yogin. State University of New York Press, 1994.
  • Roerich, George N. The Blue Annals. 2nd edn. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1976.
  • Sopa, Geshe Lhundub and Jeffrey Hopkins. Practice and Theory of Tibetan Buddhism. London: Rider, 1976.
  • Tsongkapa. The Principal Teachings of Buddhism. Translated by Geshe Lobsang Tharchin with Michael Roach.

Further Reading by Chapter

Click on the tabs below to view the reading recommendations for each chapter.

Chapter 1: Background

  • Beckwith, Christopher I. The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia: A History of the Struggle for Great Power among Tibetans, Turks, Arabs and Chinese during the Early Middle Ages. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987.
  • Davidson, Ronald M. Indian Esoteric Buddhism: A Social History of the Tantric Movement. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. A History of Modern Tibet, 1913–1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. A History of Modern Tibet: Vol.2: The Calm Before the Storm, 1951–55. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007.
  • Kapstein, Matthew T. The Tibetans. Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.
  • Karmay, Samten G. and Watt, Jeff (eds). Bon The Magic Word: The Indigenous Religion of Tibet. New York: Rubin Museum of Art; London: Philip Wilson Publishers, 2007.
  • King, Richard. Orientalism and Religion: Postcolonial Theory, India and ‘The Mystic East’. London and New York: Routledge, 1999.
  • Lopez Jr., Donald S. (ed.). Curators of the Buddha: The Study of Buddhism under Colonialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
  • Lopez Jr., Donald S. Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
  • Samuel, Geoffrey. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.
  • Samuel, Geoffrey. The Origins of Yoga and Tantra: Indic Religions to the Thirteenth Century. London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
  • Shakabpa, W.D. Tibet: A Political History. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 1967.
  • Shakya, Tsering, The Dragon in the Land of Snows: A History of Modern Tibet since 1947. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.
  • Stein, Rolf A. Tibetan Civilization. London: Faber, 1972.
  • Stein, Rolf A. Tibeta Antiqua. With Additional Materials. Translated and edited by Arthur P. McKeown. Leiden: Brill, 2010.
  • Walter, Michael L. Buddhism and Empire: The Political and religious Culture of Early Tibet. Leiden: Brill, 2009.

Agricultural Tibet

  • Aziz, Barbara N. Tibetan Frontier Families: Reflections of Three Generations from D'ing-ri. Vikas, New Delhi, 1978.
  • Dollfus, Pascale. Lieu de Neige et de Genévriers: Organisation Sociale et Religieuse des Communautés Bouddhistes du Ladakh. Paris: Éditions du CNRS, 1989.
  • Fürer-Haimendorf, Christoph von. Himalayan Traders: Life in Highland Nepal. London, John Murray, 1975.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. ‘Serfdom and mobility: an examination of the institution of “human lease” in traditional Tibetan society.’ J Asian Studies 30,3 (1971): 521–534.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. ‘Stratification, polyandry and family structure in Central Tibet.’ Southwestern J. of Anthropology 27,1 (1971): 64–74.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. ‘Taxation and the structure of a Tibetan village.’ Central Asiatic J 15 (1971): 1–27.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. ‘The balance between centralization and decentralization in the traditional Tibetan political system.’ Central Asiatic J 15 (1971): 170–182.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. ‘The circulation of estates in Tibet: Reincarnation, land and politics.’ J Asian Studies 32 (1973): 445–455.
  • Jest, Corneille. Tarap: une vallée dans l’Himalaya. Paris, Le Seuil, 1974.
  • Jest, Corneille. Dolpo. Communautés de langue tibétaine du Népal. Paris: Éditions du CNRS, 1976.
  • Pirie, Fernanda. ‘Legal Autonomy as Political Engagement: The Ladakhi Village in the Wider World.’ Law and Society Review 40,1 (2006), 77–103.
  • Ramble, Charles. The Navel of the Demoness: Tibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Nomadic Tibet

  • Ekvall, Robert B. Tibetan Skylines. New York, Farrar, Straus and Young, 1952.
  • Ekvall, Robert B. Tents Against the Sky. London, Victor Gollancz, 1954.
  • Ekvall, Robert B. Fields on the Hoof: Nexus of Tibetan Nomadic Pastoralism. New York, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1968.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. and Beall, Cynthia M. Nomads of Western Tibet: The Survival of a Way of Life. London: Serindia, 1990.
  • Pirie, Fernanda. ‘Segmentation within the state: The reconfiguration of Tibetan tribes in China's reform period,’ Nomadic Peoples 9, 1 (2005), 83–102.
  • Pirie, Fernanda. ‘Tribe and state in Eastern Tibet: Feuding, mediation and the negotiation of authority among the Amdo Nomads.’ Working paper no. 72. Halle: Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, 2005.
  • Thargyal, Rinzin. Nomads of Eastern Tibet: Social Organization and Economy of a Pastoral Estate in the Kingdom of Dege. Edited by Toni Huber. Leiden: Brill, 2002.

Trade and towns

  • Fürer-Haimendorf, Christoph von. Himalayan Traders: Life in Highland Nepal. London, John Murray, 1975.
  • Pommaret, Françoise (ed.). Lhasa in the Seventeenth Century: The Capital of the Dalai Lamas. Translated by Howard Solverson. Leiden; Boston, 2003.
  • Spengen, Wim van. Tibetan Border Worlds: A Geohistorical Analysis of Trade and Traders. London: Kegan Paul International, 2000.

Chapter 2: The development of Buddhism in Tibet

  • Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Buffetrille, Katia. Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China’s 100 Questions. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2008.
  • Davidson, Ronald M. Indian Esoteric Buddhism: A Social History of the Tantric Movement. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.
  • Davidson, Ronald M. Tibetan Renaissance: Tantric Buddhism in the Rebirth of Tibetan Culture. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
  • DeCaroli, Robert. Haunting the Buddha: Indian Popular Religions and the Formation of Buddhism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Dollfus, Pascale. 1989. Lieu de neige et de genévriers: Organisation sociale et religieuse des communautés bouddhistes du Ladakh. Paris, Éditions du CNRS, 1989.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. A History of Modern Tibet, 1913–1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. and Kapstein, Matthew T. (eds). Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet: Religious Revival and Cultural Identity. University of California Press, 1998.
  • Huber, Toni (ed.). Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places in Tibetan Culture. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1999.
  • Kapstein, Matthew T. The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism: Conversion, Contestation, and Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • Kapstein, Matthew T. The Tibetans. Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.
  • Karmay, Samten G. and Watt, Jeff (eds). Bon The Magic Word: The Indigenous Religion of Tibet. New York: Rubin Museum of Art; London: Philip Wilson Publishers, 2007.
  • King, Richard. Orientalism and Religion: Postcolonial Theory, India and ‘The Mystic East’. London and New York: Routledge, 1999.
  • Linrothe, Rob (ed.). Holy Madness: Portraits of Tantric Siddhas. New York: Rubin Museum of Art, 2006.
  • Lopez Jr., Donald S. (ed.). Curators of the Buddha: The Study of Buddhism under Colonialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
  • Lopez Jr., Donald S. Prisoners of Shangri-La: Tibetan Buddhism and the West. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
  • Ramble, Charles. The Navel of the Demoness: Tibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Samuel, Geoffrey. Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.
  • Samuel, Geoffrey. The Origins of Yoga and Tantra: Indic Religions to the Thirteenth Century. London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
  • Shakabpa, W.D. Tibet: A Political History. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 1967.
  • Shakya, Tsering, The Dragon in the Land of Snows: A History of Modern Tibet since 1947. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.
  • Smith, E. Gene. Among Tibetan Texts: History and Literature of the Himalayan Plateau. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001.
  • Snellgrove, David L. Indo-Tibetan Buddhism: Indian Buddhists and Their Tibetan Successors. 2 vols. Boston, Shambhala, 1987.
  • Snellgrove, David L. and Richardson, Hugh E. A Cultural History of Tibet. London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1968.
  • Stein, Rolf A. Tibetan Civilization. London: Faber, 1972.
  • Tucci, Giuseppe. The Religions of Tibet, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London and University of California Press, Berkeley, 1980.

Chapter 3: Tibetan Buddhism as a path to liberation: I. Sūtra teachings

  • Dalai Lama I (Gendun Drub). Bridging the Sutras and Tantras. Compiled and translated by Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca, NY: Gabriel/Snow Lion, 1982.
  • Dalai Lama II. Selected Works. Compiled, ed. and transl. by Glenn H. Mullin. NY: Snow Lion, 1985.
  • Dalai Lama VII. Songs of Spiritual Change. Transl. by Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca, NY: Gabriel/Snow Lion, 1982.
  • Dudjom Rinpoche, H.H. The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism: Its Fundamentals and History. Translated and edited by Gyurme Dorje and Matthew Kapstein. 2 vols. Boston, MA: Wisdom Publications, 1991.
  • Guenther, Herbert V. (trans.). The Jewel Ornament of Liberation. Boston: Shambhala Publications, 2001.
  • Ngorchen Konchog Lhundrub. The Beautiful Ornament of the Three Visions. Singapore: Golden Vase 1987.
  • Pabongka Rinpoche. Liberation in the Palm of your Hand: A Concise Discourse on the Path to Enlightenment. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2006.
  • Patrul Rinpoche. The Words of My Perfect Teacher. Rev. edn. Boston: Shambhala, 1998.
  • Śāntarakṣita, Bodhicaryāvatāra. Translated by Kate Crosby and Andrew Skilton. Oxford University Press, 2008
  • Sherburne, Richard. A Lamp for the Path and Commentary by Atiśa. London, Allen and Unwin, 1983 [includes translation of Bodipathapradipa].
  • Sopa, Geshe Lhundub and Jeffrey Hopkins. Practice and Theory of Tibetan Buddhism. London, Rider, 1976.
  • Tsong-kha-pa. The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment: The Lamrim Chenmo by Tsong-kha-pa, translated by the Lamrim Chenmo Translation Committee, Joshua Cutler, Editor in Chief. 3 vols. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 2001–2.
  • Wangyal, Geshe. The Door of Liberation. New York: Maurice Girodias, 1973.

Chapter 4: Tibetan Buddhism as a path to liberation: II. Tantric teachings

  • Beyer, Stephan. The Cult of Tara. Magic and Ritual in Tibet. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1973.
  • Cozort, Daniel. Highest Yoga Tantra. An Introduction to the Esoteric Buddhism of Tibet. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1986.
  • Dalai Lama I (Gendun Drub). Bridging the Sutras and Tantras. Compiled and translated by Glenn H. Mullin. Ithaca, NY: Gabriel/Snow Lion, 1982.
  • Dalai Lama II. Selected Works. Compiled, edited and translated by Glenn H. Mullin. NY: Snow Lion, 1985.
  • Guenther, Herbert V. Tibetan Buddhism in Western Perspective. Emeryville, CA: Dharma Publishing, 1977.
  • Hopkins, Jeffrey. Tantric Techniques. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 2008.
  • Huntington, John C. and Bangdel, Dina. The Circle of Bliss: Buddhist Meditational Art. Columbus, OH: Columbus Museum of Art; London: Serindia, 2003.
  • Kongtrul, Jamgon. The Torch of Certainty. Translated by Judith Hanson. Boulder and London, Shambhala, 1977.
  • Kongtrul, Jamgon. Jamgon Kongtrul’s Retreat Manual. Translated by Ngawang Zangpo. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1994.
  • Landaw, Jonathan and Weber, Andy. Images of Enlightenment: Tibetan Art in Practice. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1993.
  • Lati Rinpoche and Jeffrey Hopkins. Death, Intermediate State and Rebirth in Tibetan Buddhism. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1985.
  • Lessing, Ferdinand D. and Wayman, Alex (trans.) Mkhas grub rje’s Fundamentals of the Buddhist Tantras. The Hague and Paris, Mouton, 1968.
  • Mullin, Glenn H. (trans. and ed.) The Practice of the Six Yogas of Naropa. Ithaca, NY and Boulder, CO: Snow Lion, 2006.
  • Mullin, Glenn H. Death and Dying: The Tibetan Tradition. London and NY: Arkana, 1986.
  • Reynolds, John Myrdhin, The Golden Letters. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion 1996.
  • Ringu Tulku, The Ri-Me Philosophy of Jamgön Kongtrul the Great: A Study of the Buddhist Lineages of Tibet. Boston and London: Shambhala, 2006.
  • Samuel, Geoffrey. The Origins of Yoga and Tantra: Indic Religions to the Thirteenth Century. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
  • Studstill, Randall. The Unity of Mystical Traditions: The Transformation of Consciousness in Tibetan and German Mysticism. Leiden: Brill, 2005.
  • Thondup Rinpoche, Tulku, Buddha Mind: An Anthology of Longchen Rabjam’s Writings on Dzogpa Chenpo. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1989.
  • Yuthok, Lama Choedak T. (trans.), The Triple Tantra by Panchen Ngawang Choedak. Canberra: Gorum, 1997.

Chapter 5: Tibetan Buddhism as a system of knowledge

  • Adams, Vincanne, Craig, Sienna and Schrempf, Mona (eds). Medicine Between Science and Religion: Explorations on Tibetan Grounds. Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2010.
  • Cabezon, José I. and R. Jackson, Roger. (ed.). Tibetan Literature: Studies in Genre. Essays in Honor of Geshe Lhundup Sopa). Ithaca, New York: Snow Lion, 1996.
  • Clark, Barry. The Quintessence Tantras of Tibetan Medicine. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications, 1995.
  • Cornu, Philippe. Tibetan Astrology. Boston: Shambhala, 1997.
  • Dhonden, Yeshi. Health Through Balance: An Introduction to Tibetan Medicine. Edited and translated by Jeffrey Hopkins. Ithaca, New York: Snow Lion Publications, 1986.
  • Dreyfus, Georges B. J. The Sound of Two Hands Clapping: The Education of a Tibetan Buddhist Monk. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
  • Gyatso, Desi Sangye. A Mirror of Beryl: A Historical Introduction to Tibetan Medicine. Wisdom Books, 2010.
  • Gyurme Dorje (translated and comm.) Tibetan Elemental Divination Paintings: Illuminated Manuscript from the White Beryl of Sangs-rGyas Rgya-mtsho. London: John Eskenazi, 2008.
  • Henning, Edward. Kālacakra and the Tibetan Calendar. New York: American Institute of Buddhist Studies, 2007.
  • Kongtrul, Jamgön. The Treasury of Knowledge. Several volumes. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications. 2003 onwards.
  • Parfionovitch, Yuri, Fernand Meyer and Gyurme Dorje. 1992. Tibetan Medical Paintings: Illustrations to the Blue Beryl treatise of Sangye Gyamtso (1653–1705). London: Serindia.
  • Perdue, Daniel E. 1992. Debate in Tibetan Buddhism. Ithaca, NY, USA: Snow Lion Publications.
  • Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen. A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes. Translated by Jared Douglas Rhoton. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2002.
  • Thurman, Robert A.F. ‘Tsoṅ-kha-pa’s integration of sūtra and tantra.’ In Aziz, Barbara N. and Matthew Kapstein (ed.), Soundings in Tibetan Civilization, 372–83. New Delhi, Manohar, 1985 [proceedings of 3rd Seminar of IATS].

Chapter 6: Ethics and Tibetan Buddhism

  • Aris, Michael. ‘The boneless tongue: Alternative voices from Bhutan.’ Past and Present 115 (May 1987): 131–64.
  • Aziz, Barbara N. ‘Jural Friends and Buddhist Teachers.’ In Adrian C. Mayer (ed.) Culture and Morality, Delhi: Oxford Univer­sity Press, 1981.
  • Calkowski, Marcia ‘Contesting hierarchy: On gambling as an authoritative resource in Tibetan refugee society.’ In Charles Ramble and Martin Brauen (eds) Anthropology of Tibet and the Himalaya. Zürich: Völkerkundemuseum der Universität Zürich, 1993.
  • Clark, Graham. ‘Ideas of Merit (bsod-nams), Virtue (dge-ba), Blessing (byin-rlabs) and Material Prosperity (rten-'brel) in Highland Nepal.’ J. Anthropological Soc. Oxford  21 (1990): 165–94.
  • Fürer-Haimendorf, Christoph von. ‘Moral concepts in three Himalayan societies.’ In T.N. Madan and Gopala Śarana (ed.), Indian Anthropology, Bombay, 279–309, 1962.
  • Fürer-Haimendorf, Christoph von. The Sherpas of Nepal: Buddhist Highlanders. London, John Murray, 1964.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. ‘Lhasa street songs: Political and social satire in traditional Tibet.’ The Tibet Journal. Vol. VII Nos. 1 & 2. Spring/Summer 1982, 56–66.
  • Holmberg, David H. Order in Paradox: Myth, Ritual and Exchange Among Nepal’s Tamang. Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 1989.
  • Kammerer, Conrelia and  Tannenbaum, Nicola (eds). Merit and Blessing in Mainland Southeast Asia in Comparative Perspective. New haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996.
  • Kongtrul, Jamgön. The Treasury of Knowledge. Several volumes. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications. 2003 onwards.
  • Levine, Nancy E. ‘Perspectives on Love: Morality and Affect in Nyinba Interpersonal Relationships.’ In Adrian C. Mayer (ed.) Culture and Morality, Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1981.
  • Lichter, David and Epstein, Lawrence.  ‘Irony in Tibetan Notions of the Good Life.’ In Charles F. Keyes and E. Valentine Daniel (eds) Karma: An Anthropological Inquiry. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1983.
  • Mumford, Stan R. Himalayan Dialogue. Tibetan Lamas and Gurung Shamans in Nepal. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989.
  • Ngari Paṇchen Pema Wangyi Gyelpo. Perfect Conduct: Ascertaining the Three Vows. Wisdom, 1996.
  • Ortner, Sherry B. Sherpas Through Their Rituals. Cambridge University Press, 1978.
  • Ramble, Charles. ‘How Buddhist are Buddhist Communities? The Construction of Tradition in Two Lamaist Villages.’ Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford 21 (1990): 185–97.
  • Ramble, Charles. The Navel of the Demoness: Tibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal. Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltshen. A Clear Differentiation of the Three Codes. Translated by Jared Douglas Rhoton. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2002.
  • Scott, James C. The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.

Chapter 7: Lamas and other religious practitioners

  • Aris, Michael. Bhutan. The Early History of a Himalayan Kingdom. Warminster, Aris and Phillips, 1979.
  • Aziz, Barbara N. ‘Views from the monastery kitchen.’ Anima 4,1 (1977): 66–77. [Also in Kailash 4,2.]
  • Aziz, Barbara N. Tibetan Frontier Families: Reflections of Three Generations from D'ing-ri. Vikas, New Delhi, 1978.
  • Barron, Richard. The Autobiography of Jamgön Kongtrul: A Gem of Many Colours. Ithaca, NY & Boulder, CO:  Snow Lion Publications, 2003.
  • Berglie, Per-Arne. ‘Preliminary remarks on some Tibetan “spirit-mediums” in Nepal.’ Kailash 4,1 (1976): 87–108.
  • Cassinelli, C.W. and Robert B. Ekvall. A Tibetan Principality. The Political System of Sa sKya. Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1969.
  • Chang, Garma C.C. (transl). The Hundred Thousand Songs of Milarepa. 2 vols. Boulder, CO and London: Shambhala, 1977.
  • Day, Sophie. ‘Embodying spirits: Village oracles and possession ritual in Ladakh, North India.’ PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science, 1989 [available from British Library ETHoS service].
  • Dudjom Rinpoche, H.H. The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism: Its Fundamentals and History. Translated and edited by Gyurme Dorje and Matthew Kapstein. 2 vols. Boston, MA: Wisdom Publications, 1991.
  • Doctor, Andreas. Tibetan Treasure Literature: Revelation, Tradition and Accomplishment in Visionary Buddhism. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 2005.
  • Gyaltsen, Sakyapa Sonam. The Clear Mirror: A Traditional Account of Tibet’s Golden Age. Translated by McComas Taylor and Lama Choedak Yuthok. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1996.
  • Gyatso, Janet. Apparitions of the Self: The Secret Autobiographies of a Tibetan Visionary. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.
  • Hookham, Shenpen. ‘In Search of the Guru.’ In John Snelling (ed.), Sharpham Miscellany: Essays in Spirituality and Ecology. Totnes: The Sharpham Trust, 1992.
  • Könchog Gyaltsen, Khenpo (transl.). The Great Kagyü Masters: The Golden Lineage Treasury.  Edited by Victoria Huckenpahler. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1990.
  • Kunga Rinpoche, Lama and Cutillo, Brian (trans.). Drinking the Mountain Stream: Further Stories and Songs of Milarepa, Yogin, Poet and Teacher of Tibet. New York: Lotsawa 1978.
  • Kunsang, Erik Pema (transl). The Lotus-Born: The Life Story of Padmasambhava. Boston and London: Shambhala, 1993.
  • Lhalungpa, Lobsang P. (trans.). The Life of Milarepa: A New Translation from the Tibetan. Boston: Shambhala, 1977; New York: Arkana, 1984.
  • Nalanda Translation Committee. The Rain of Wisdom. Boulder, CO and London: Shambhala, 1980.
  • Obermiller, E. History of Buddhism (Chos-ḥbyung by Bu-ston). 2 vols. Heidelberg, in Kommission bei Otto Harrassowitz, Leipzig, 1932–933.
  • Ricard, Matthieu (trans.). The Life of Shabkar: The Autobiography of a Tibetan Yogin. State University of New York Press, 1994.
  • Roerich, George N. The Blue Annals. 2nd edn. Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1976.
  • Smith, E. Gene. Among Tibetan Texts: History and Literature of the Himalayan Plateau. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001.
  • Snellgrove, David L. Buddhist Himalaya. Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1957.
  • Snellgrove, David L. Himalayan Pilgrimage. Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1961.
  • Snellgrove, David L. Four Lamas of Dolpo. 2 vols. Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1967.
  • Sørensen, Per K. Tibetan Buddhist Historiography: The Mirror Illuminating the Royal Genealogies. Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz Verlag, 1994.
  • Stearns, Cyrus, Luminous Lives: The Story of the Early Masters of the Lam ’Bras Tradition in Tibet, Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001.
  • Taranatha, Jonang. The Seven Instruction Lineages. Translated and edited by David Templeman. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 2002.
  • Thondup Rinpoche, Tulku. 1986. Hidden Teachings of Tibet: An Explanation of the Terma Tradition of the Nyingma School of Buddhism. London: Wisdom, 1986.
  • Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche. Blazing Splendor: The Memoirs of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche as told to Erik Pema Kunsang and Marcia Binder Schmidt. Hong Kong: Rangjung Yeshe, 2005.

Chapter 8: Tibetan Buddhism as practical religion

  • Beyer, Stephan. The Cult of Tara. Magic and Ritual in Tibet. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1973.
  • Blezer, Henk. Kar gliṅ Źi khro: A Tantric Buddhist Concept. Leiden: Research School CNWS, 1997.
  • Beyer, Stephan. The Cult of Tara. Magic and Ritual in Tibet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.
  • Cabezón, José Ignacio (ed.). Tibetan Ritual. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
  • Cuevas, Bryan J. The Hidden History of the Tibetan Book of the Dead. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • DeCaroli, Robert D. Haunting the Buddha: Indian Popular Religions and the Formation of Buddhism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Dickman, Mike. Treasure-Trove of Protections and Blessings: The Seven Chapter Prayer of Orgyen Rinpoche. Brooklyn, NY: Cool Grove Press, 2004 [contains full translation of Dudjom’s commentary on the Barchad Kunsel].
  • Dorje, Gyurme. The Tibetan Book of the Dead: First Complete Translation. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Classics, 2007.
  • Karmay, Samten G. The Arrow and the Spindle: Studies in History, Myths, Rituals and beliefs in Tibet. Volumes 1 and 2. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1998 and 2005.
  • Kohn, Richard J. Lord of the Dance: The Mani Rimdu Festival in Tibet and Nepal. Albany, NJ: State University of NY Press, 2000.
  • Gouin, Margaret E. Tibetan Rituals of Death: Buddhist Funerary Practices. London: Routledge, 2010.
  • Kohn, Richard J. Lord of the Dance: The Mani Rimdu Festival in Tibet and Nepal. Albany, NJ: State University of NY Press, 2000.
  • Lopez, Donald S., Jr. (ed.). Religions of Tibet in Practice. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1997 (Princeton readings in religions series; other translations can be found in other volumes in this series, including Buddhism in Practice, 1995 (ed. Donald S. Lopez) and Tantra in Practice, 2000 (ed. David Gordon White)).
  • Ortner, Sherry B. Sherpas Through Their Rituals. Cambridge University Press, 1978.
  • Ramble, Charles. The Navel of the Demoness: Tibetan Buddhism and Civil Religion in Highland Nepal. Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Woolf, Marsha and Blanc, Karen. The Rainmaker: The Story of Venerable Ngagpa Yeshe Dorje Rinpoche. Boston: Sigo Press, 1994.

Chapter 9: Tibetan Buddhism and Tibetan identity

  • Bernbaum, Edwin. The Way to Shambhala. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press, 1980.
  • Blondeau, Anne-Marie (ed.). Tibetan Mountain Deities, their Cults and Representations. Wien: Verlag der Osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1998.
  • Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Steinkellner, Ernst (eds). Reflections of the Mountain: Essays on the History and Social Meaning of the Mountain Cult in Tibet and the Himalaya. Wien, Verlag der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1996.
  • Buffetrille, Katia and Diemberger, Hildegard (eds). Territory and Identity in Tibet and the Himalayas. Leiden: Brill, 2002.
  • Buffetrille, Katia. Pèlerins, lamas et Visionnaires: Sources Orales et Écrites sure les Pèlerinages Tibétains. Wien: Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien, Universität Wien, 2000.
  • Carsten, Janet and Hugh-Jones, Stephen (eds). About the House: Lévi-Strauss and Beyond. New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  • Childs, Geoff. ‘Refuge and revitalisation: Hidden Himalayan sanctuaries (Sbas-yul) and the preservation of Tibet’s imperial lineage.’ Acta Orientalia 60 (1999): 126–158.
  • David-Neel, Alexandra and Lama Yongden. The Superhuman Life of Gesar of Ling the Legendary Tibetan Hero, As Sung by the Bards of his Country. London: Rider & Co, 1933.
  • Diemberger, H. ‘Beyul khenbalung, the hidden valley of the Artemisia: On Himalayan communities and their sacred landscape.’ In Macdonald, A.W. (ed.), Mandala and Landscape. D.K. Printworld, New Delhi, India. 287–334, 1997.
  • Diemberger, H.  ‘Montagnes sacrées, os des ancêstres, sang maternel – le corps humain dans une communauté tibétaine du Nepal (les Khumbo).’ In  M. Godelier and  M. Panoff (eds), La production du corps. Paris: Èditions des archives contemporaines, 1998.
  • Dowman, Keith. The Power-Places of Central Tibet. The Pilgrim’s Guide. London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1988.
  • Ferrari, Alfonsa. Mk’yen Brtse’s Guide to the Holy Places of Central Tibet. Roma, IsMEO, 1958.
  • Gardner, Alexander. ‘The twenty-five great sites of Khams: A narrative map of an imperiled place.’ In Wim van Spengen and lama Jabb (eds), Studies in the History of Eastern Tibet. Halle: International Institute for Tibetan and Buddhist Studies.
  • Gutschow, Niels, Michaels, Axel and Ramble, Charles (eds). Sacred Landscape in the Himalaya. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2003.
  • Haarh, Erik. The Yarlung Dynasty. Copenhagen: G.E.C. Gad’s Forlag, 1969.
  • Huber, Toni. The Cult of Pure Crystal Mountain: Popular Pilgrimage and visionary landscape in southeast Tibet. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Huber, Toni (ed.). Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places in Tibetan Culture. Dharamsala: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1999.
  • Kapstein, Matthew. ‘Remarks on the Maṇi bKa’-’bum and the cult of Avalokiteśvara in Tibet.’ In Steven D. Goodman and Ronald M. Davidson (eds), Tibetan Buddhism: Reason and Revelation. Albany, NY: State University of NY Press, 1992.
  • Karmay, Samten G. The Arrow and the Spindle: Studies in History, Myths, Rituals and beliefs in Tibet. [Vol.1]. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1998.
  • Macdonald, Alexander W. (ed.). Mandala and Landscape. Reprinted Delhi: D.K. Printworld, 2007.
  • McKay, Alex (ed.). Pilgrimage in Tibet.  Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1998.
  • Sagant, Philippe, ‘With head held high: The house, ritual and politics in East Nepal.’ Kailash, Vol. 12, 161–222.
  • Samuel, Geoffrey, ‘Ge-sar of gLing: The origins and meanings of the East Tibetan epic.’ In Geoffrey Samuel, Tantric Revisionings: New Understandings of Tibetan Buddhism and Indian Religion, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2005.
  • Sardar-Afkhami, Hamid. ‘An Account of Padma-Bkod: A Hidden Land in Southeastern Tibet’, Kailash, 18 (3–4), 1–21, 1996.
  • Shor, Thomas. A Step Away from Paradise: A Tibetan Lama’s Extraordinary Journey to a Land of Immortality. India: Penguin, 2011.
  • Stein, R.A. L’épopée tibétaine de Gesar dans sa version lamaïque de Ling. Presses Universitaires de France, 1956.
  • Wylie, Turrell V. The Geography of Tibet according to the 'Dzam-gLing-rGyas-bShad. Roma, IsMEO, 1962.
  • Zangpo, Ngawang. Sacred Ground: Jamgon Kongtrul on ‘Pilgrimage and Sacred geography.’ Ithaca, NY & Boulder, CO:  Snow Lion Publications, 2001.

Chapter 10: Tibetan Buddhism, women and gender

  • Allione, Tsultrim (ed.). Women of Wisdom. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1984.
  • Aziz, Barbara N. Tibetan Frontier Families: Reflections of Three Generations from D'ing-ri. Vikas, New Delhi, 1978.
  • Aziz, Barbara N. 1988. ‘Women in Tibetan Society and Tibetology.’ In H. Uebach and J. L. Panglung (eds) Tibetan Studies, vol.2. Munich, Bayrische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1988.
  • Cabezón, José Ignacio (ed.). Buddhism, Sexuality, and Gender. Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1992.
  • Campbell, June. Traveller in Space: In Search of Female Identity in Tibetan Buddhism. London: Athlone, 1996.
  • Daniels, Christine. Defilement and purification: Tibetan Buddhist pilgrims at Bodhnath, Nepal. DPhil thesis, University of Oxford, 1994.
  • Diemberger, Hildegard. When a Woman becomes a Religious Dynasty: The Samding Dorje Phagmo of Tibet. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.
  • Ede, Yolanda van. House of Birds: A Historical Ethnography of a Tibetan Buddhist Nunnery in Nepal. University of Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, 1999.
  • Edou, Jérôme. Machig Labdrön and the Foundations of Chöd. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1995.
  • Grimshaw, Anna. Servants of the Buddha: Winter in a Himalayan Convent. Cleveland, Ohio: Pilgrim Press, 1992.
  • Gross, Rita M. Buddhism After Patriarchy: A Feminist History, Analysis, and Reconstruction of Buddhism. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993.
  • Gutschow, Kim. Being a Buddhist Nun: The Struggle for Enlightenment in the Himalayas. Harvard University Press, 2004.
  • Gyatso, Janet and Havnevik, Hanna (eds). Women in Tibet: Past and Present. New York: Columbia University Press; London: Hurst & Company, 2005.
  • Harding, Sarah (trans. and ed.). Machik’s Complete Explanation: Clarifying the Meaning of Chöd, Snow Lion Publications, 2003.
  • Havnevik, Hanna.  Tibetan Buddhist Nuns: History, Cultural Norms and Social Reality. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1990.
  • Klein, Anne C. Meeting the Great Bliss Queen: Buddhists, Feminists, and the Art of the Self. Boston: Beacon Press, 1994.
  • Levine, Nancy E. The Dynamics of Polyandry. Kinship, Domesticity, and Population on the Tibetan Border. University of Chicago Press, 1988.
  • Makley, Charlene. ‘The Body of a Nun: Nunhood and Gender in Contemporary Amdo.’ In Hanna Havnevik and Janet Gyatso (eds), Women of Tibet: Past and Present. NY: Columbia University Press, 2005.
  • Makley, Charlene E. The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2007.
  • Ohnuma, Reiko. ‘Debt to the mother: A neglected aspect of the founding of the Buddhist Nuns’ Order,’ Journal of the American Academy of Religion Vol. 74 (2006): 861–901.
  • Schaeffer, Kurtis. Himalayan Hermitess: The Life of a Tibetan Buddhist Nun. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004
  • Watkins, Joanne C. Spirited Women: Gender, Religion and Cultural Identity in the Nepal Himalaya. Columbia University Press, 1996.
  • Willis, Janice D. (ed.). Feminine Ground: Essays on Women and Tibet. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 1989.

Chapter 11: The Bon religion of Tibet: pre-Buddhist survival or variant form of Buddhism?

  • Chaoul, Alejandro. Chöd Practice in the Bön Tradition. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion, 2009.
  • Hanna, Span. ‘Vast as the Sky: The Terma Tradition in Modern Tibet.’ In Elisabeth A. Stutchbury, Hamish Gregor and Geoffrey Samuel (eds) Tantra and Popular Religion in Tibet. New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture and Aditya Prakashan, 1996.
  • Karmay, Samten G. The Treasury of Good Sayings: A Tibetan History of Bon. London, Oxford University Press, 1972.
  • Karmay, Samten G. The Great Perfection: A Philosophical and Meditative Teaching of Tibetan Buddhism. Leiden: Brill, 1988.
  • Karmay, Samten G. The Arrow and the Spindle: Studies in History, Myths, Rituals and beliefs in Tibet. Volumes 1 and 2. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1998 and 2005.
  • Karmay, Samten G. and Yasuhiko Nagano. A Survey of Bonpo Monasteries and Temples in Tibet and the Himalaya. National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka, 2003.
  • Karmay, Samten G. and Watt, Jeff (eds). Bon: The Magic Word. The Indigenous Religion of Tibet. New York: Rubin Museum of Art; London, Philip Wilson, 2007.
  • Klein, Anne and Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche, Geshe. Unbounded Wholeness: Bon, Dzogchen, and the Logic of the Nonconceptual. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Kvaerne, Per. The Bon Religion of Tibet: The Iconography of a Living Tradition. London: Serindia Publications, 1995.
  • Martin, Dan. Unearthing Bon Treasures: Life and Contested Legacy of a Tibetan Scripture Revealer, With a General Bibliography of Bon. Leiden, Boston and Köln: Brill, 2001.
  • Norbu, Namkhai. Drung, Deu and Bön: Narrations, Symbolic Languages and the Bön Tradition in Ancient Tibet. Dharamasala, India: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 1991.
  • Orofino, Giacomella. Sacred Tibetan Teachings on Death and Liberation. Bridport, Dorset: Prism, 1990.
  • Reynolds, John Myrdhin. The Oral Tradition from Zhang-Zhung. Kathmandu: Vajra Publications, 2005.
  • Shardza Tashi Gyaltsen. Heart Drops of Dharmakaya: Dzogchen Practice of the Bon Tradition. Translation and Commentary by Lopon Tenzin Namdak. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications, 1993.
  • Snellgrove, David L. Himalayan Pilgrimage. Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1961.
  • Snellgrove, David L. The Nine Ways of Bon: Excerpts from gZi brjid. London, Oxford University Press, 1967.
  • Wangyal, Tenzin.  Wonders of the Natural Mind: The Essence of Dzogchen in the Native Bon Tradition of Tibet. Barrytown, NY: Station Hill, 1993.

Chapter 12: Tibetan Buddhism today and tomorrow

  • Blondeau, Anne-Marie and Buffetrille, Katia. Authenticating Tibet: Answers to China’s 100 Questions. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2008.
  • Butterfield, Stephen T. The Double Mirror: A Skeptical Journey into Buddhist Tantra. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 1994.
  • Dalai Lama, 14th. My Land and My People. Warner Books, 1998.
  • Dodin, Thierry and Räther, Heinz. Imagining Tibet: Perceptions, Projections and Fantasies. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2001.
  • Dreyfus, Georges. ‘Proto-nationalism in Tibet.’ In Per Kvaerne (ed.), Tibetan Studies: Proceedings of the 6th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, vol.1. Oslo: Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, 1994.
  • Dreyfus, Georges. ‘Tibetan religious nationalism: Western fantasy or empowering vision?’ In P. Christiaan Klieger (ed.), Tibet, Self and the Tibetan Diaspora: Voices of Difference: Proceedings of the 9th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Leiden 2000, 2002.
  • Fields, Rick. How the Swans Came to the Lake: A Narrative History of Buddhism in America. Boston: Shambhala, 1992.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. and Kapstein, Matthew T. (eds). Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet: Religious Revival and Cultural Identity. University of California Press, 1998.
  • Kapstein, Matthew (ed.). Buddhism Between Tibet and China. Boston, MA: Wisdom Publications, 2009.
  • Klieger. P. Christiaan. Tibetan Nationalism. Berkeley, CA: Folklore Institute, 1992.
  • Korom, Frank J. (ed.). Constructing Tibetan Culture: Contemporary Perspectives. Quebec: World Heritage Press, 1997.
  • Trungpa, Chögyam. Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism. Boston: Shambhala, 1987.
  • Mackenzie, Vicki. Reborn in the West: The Reincarnation Masters. London: Bloomsbury, 1995.
  • Norbu, Dawa. Red Star over Tibet. London, Collins, 1974.
  • Norbu, Namkhai. The Crystal and the Way of Light: Sūtra, Tantra and Dzogchen. New York and London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1986.
  • Stoddard, Heather. Le mendiant de l’Amdo. Paris: Société d’ethnographie, 1986.
  • Tuttle, Gray. Tibetan Buddhists in the Making of Modern China. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.
  • Yeshe, Lama. Introduction to Tantra: A Vision of Totality. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1987.